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Originally published 1986, updated, 2006. With thanks to Professor Alan Deyermond and to Boydell and Brewer for their permission to re-publish this material on the Web.


This beta version in progress may be downloaded and printed out for reference while doing BL research. We ask readers to contribute entries they observe to be lacking, also corrections, to Julia Bolton Holloway  In particular, we seek a translator into Italian of this work.
 

 

BRUNETTO LATINO, MAESTRO DI DANTE ALIGHIERI:

AN ANALYTIC AND INTERACTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

                                      

 

PRIMARY SOURCES


Abbreviations

A. Documents

B. Manuscripts
  a. Il tesoretto and Il favolello
  b. Li Livres dou Tresor   I. French
                                       II. Italian (Il tesoro)
                                       III. Other  Languages
  c. La rettorica
  d. Orazioni, Epistolarium
 
e. Sommetta
  f. Other works
  g. Problems of editing   I. Il tesoretto
                                     II. Li Livres dou Tresor
                                     III. Il tesoro
                                     IV. La rettorica
C. Editions in Chronological Order



A. Latin Documents in Archives

A considerable number of documents written by Brunetto Latino survive and are to be found in the Vatican Secret Archives, in the State Archives of Florence and Siena, in the Muniment Room and Library of Westminster Abbey, and elsewhere. They are written in a distinct and lovely Chancery hand. However, most of the early manuscripts of Brunetto Latino's works are written in a quite different but elegant Bolognan libraria, an exemplar of which is the Laurentian Library MS, Strozziano 146, Il tesoretto (Ba.1). The texts appear to be dictated to students ('The Master said . . . '), while the documents are often holographs. We have a similar phenomenon with Chaucer, whose poetry does not survive in his own hand but who was required to write government documents in this manner. BL's notarial chambers in Arras and the Chancery in Florence would have been useful places for teaching students, with plenty of writing materials at hand. Some of the Latin manuscripts BL used in his teaching, however, do seem to have marginal notations in his own hand or one like it, and also corrections to the text.

Davidsohn (F), Sundby/del Lungo (E), Bolton Holloway (E), and Wiese/Pèrcopo (BgIII) are useful for references to the documents, while a recent article by Roberta Cella builds on Bolton Holloway's 1992 published findings: Studi mediolatini e volgari 60 (2014): 87-98. The first autograph document is at Siena. Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum, II, London: Warburg Institute, 1967, notes its reference in the Catalogue for the Siena State Archives on p. 117, n. 6. It is reproduced in Wiese/Pèrcopo (BgIII), pp. 55-65, and gives the same notarial sign and signature as do the others. The second autograph document is a pact between the Guelfs of Arezzo and Florence, notarized by 'et ego Burnectus Bonaccursi Latinus notarius', 25 August 1254, in the Church of San Lorenzo. It is to be found in the State Archives of Florence, ASF, Capitoli del Comune, Register XXIX, fol. clxxxix. Its signature is again preceded by BL's notarial sign, a column and fountain. Scherillo (E), p.122, drew attention to another, in the Vatican Archives, Vat. Instr. Miscell. 99, 15 September 1263, which is also written up in M. Armellini, 'Documento autografo di BL relativo ai ghibellini di Firenze scoperto negli archivi della S. Sede', Rassegna Italiana 5 (1885), 360-63. It is published again in Bruno Katterbach, Silva-Tarouca, Epistolae Saeculi XIII, in Exempla scriptorum edita consilio et opera procuratorum bibliothecae et tabularii vaticane, Fasc. II (Roma: 1930), p. 20, #21, Table 21; Hans Foerster, Mittelalterliche Buch und Urkundschriften auf 50 Tafeln mit Erläuterungen und vollständiger Transkription, Bern: Paul Haupt, 1946, Plate XXXV, comments and transcription pp. 64-65.

A fourth document is at Westminster Abbey, Muniment 12843, and was written from Bar-sur-Aube. See Mattalía (E), p. 31, for an account of the letters BL wrote from France, from Arras, 15 September 1263, from Paris, 26 October 1263, from Bar-sur-Aube, 14 April 1264, and also Harting (M), Scott (M) and Cippico (LbIIIB) concerning Bar-sur-Aube letter at Wesminster. Carmody (C.63), pp. xiv-xv, cites George Christian Gebauer, Leben und denkwürdige Thaten Herrn Richards erwahlten Romischen Kaysers, Grafens von Cornwall und Poitou, in dreyen Büchern beschriben, Leipzig: Fritsch, 1744, as giving letter of father to son at Alfonso's court telling of the Montaperti disaster. That text also gives the letter about Abbot Tesauro. See also F. Donati (F) concerning this material. Helene Wieruszowski published the Sommetta, the collection of model letters useful for the affairs of the Florentine Chancery (C.71). But see Aruch (BgIV)  and Hijmans-Tromp (C.94). Carmody (C.63), pp. xiv-xv, reprints the important Tesauro letter, written in the Vignolan style. Model letters for use by a podestà are given in Tresor III. Dante scholars, William Stephany among them, note that DA's epistolary style derives from BL and the Florentine Chancery, who in turn copied that of Pier delle Vigne, Frederick II's Chancellor, copying these out in the Epistolarium, that would be continued by Florence's later Chancellors. It is important to view both letters and literary texts within this notarial and chancery context in Naples, France and in Florence.

These documents in Latin, given chronologically, are fully transcribed and documented in Twice-Told Tales: Brunetto Latino and Dante Alighieri making use of Davidsohn,
Del Lungo, Marchesini, Marzi, Saint Priest, Terlizzi, Wieruszowski, etc. Bolded entries with Roman numeral are those written in BL's own hand, NS, his notarial sign of column and fountain. Entries in square brackets are to autobiographical and historical statements in the French and Italian vernaculars related to these events. Numbering in some cases re-ordered.

They are to be retrieved from the following archives:

Archivio di Stato di Firenze, ASF
Archivio Vescovile di Fiesole
Capitolo Fiorentino, Santa Maria del Fiore
Archivio di Stato di Siena, ASS
Archivio di Stato di Genova, ASG
Archivio di Stato di Orvieto, ASO
Archivio di Stato di Bologna, ASB
Biblioteca Comunale, San Gimignano
Archivio Segreto Vaticano, ASV
Arxiu História de la Ciutat de Barcelona
Archivio de la Corona de Aragon, ACA
Archivio Municipale, Montpellier
Archivio Municipale, Dunkerque
Westminster Abbey Muniment Room

Republic:

A.1. ASF 31 March 1254. Capitoli di Firenze Registri 29, fols. 181-184. Guido Guerra deeds land in Montevarchi and Montemurli to Florence. 'burnecto bonaccorsi Latinj' present as witness.


A.2,3. ASF 6 April 1254, Cap. Fir. Reg. 29, fols. 165-168, repeated fols. 173-176. Related to above transaction. 'Burnecto notario filio Bonaccorsi latini'.

A.4 I. ASS 20 April, 21 June 1254. Major peace treaty with Siena, in Santa Reparata. 'NS. Et ego Burnectus Bonaccursi Latinus notarius predictis interfui et ea dictorum dominorum potestatis, capitanei, Anzianorum et consiliorum omnium predictorum mandato, publice scripsi'.

A.5. ASS Caleffio vecchio, fol. 330v. Repeats above document, stating it is copied later, 3 August 1255. 'instrumentu secondo manu Brunecti bonacorsi latini notari'.

A.6. ASS Caleffio vecchio, fols. 330-330v, 20 April 1254. Document ratified near Montereggioni by 'Rettori, Consiglieri, Anziani, Gonfalonieri, Capitudini'.

A.7. ASO 11 June 1254, Orvieto CCCXXI. Copies above documents. 'Burnecto bonacursi latinij notarijs de florentia'.

A.8. ASO 12 June 1254, Orvieto CCCXXI. 'et Burnecto bonaccorsi'.

A.9. ASF 12 August 1245, Cap. Fir. Reg. 30, fols. 132-136. Sale of more land involving Guido Guerra. 'Burnetto bonaccorsi latini'.

A.10. ASF 14 August 1254. Volterra diploma. On Volterran Constitution. 'et Burnetto Bonacursi notario'.

A.11. Index to Reg. 29, fol 5v, 'rogat per Burnettu Latini. f. clxxxviiij'.

A.12, II, 13 ASF 25 August 1254, Cap. Fir. Reg. 29, fols. 189-191. Repeated Cap. Fir. Reg. 35, fols. 189-191. Pact between Guelfs of Arezzo and Florence. 'NS et ego Burnectus Bonaccursi Latinus notarius predictis interfui et ea Rogatus publice scripsi'.



A.14. ASF 10 September 1254. Cap. Fir. Reg. 30, fols. 136v-140. Sale of Romena by Conte Guido Guerra to Florence. 'burnetto bonaccursi'.

A.15,16. 10 October 1254,
ASG Cod. C, fol. 120v-121v; *Genova, Biblioteca Universitaria Col. A,  fol. 330v. Treaty with Genova and Pisa. 'Et ego burnectus bonacursi latini notarius et nunc ancianorum scriba et comunis, seu populi florentini cancellarius predictis interfui, et ea dominorum capitanei potestatis ancianorum consiliariorum et parlementi gentium predictorum superius mandato publico scripsi ideoque subscripsi'.

A.17,18. 11 December 1254,
ASG Cod, fol. 122; *Genova, Biblioteca Universitaria, Cod. A, fol. 332.  'secundum quod dictum est publice per burnectum bonacorsi latini notarii'.
 

* A.19. 6 May 1255. Now lost, though published, document. Sale of castles,  involving Farinata, 'Guilielmus Berrovardi Iudex et Notarius'. 'Brunettus Bonaccorsi Latini Notarii'.

A.20. ASF 8 May 1257. Cap Fir. Reg. 29, fol. 170v. Florence ratifying pact with Faenza. 'Burnecto notario fil. Bonacursi Latini sindico comunis et populi Florentini'.

A.21 III. 20,22 June  1257 Capitolo Fiorentino, Santa Maria del Fiore 310, copied in II.297-299. Florentine and Aretine canons arrange for payment of decima for Pope's war against Manfred. 'ut continetur per publicum instrumentum publicum [sic] factum manu Burnetti iudicis'. BL signs three times in his own hand,  'NS et ego Burnectus Bonaccorsi Latinus notarius, predicte coram me Acta dicti Prioris mandato publice scripsi', 'NS et ego Burnectus Bonaccursi Latinus notarius predictus coram me Acta Rogatus publice scripsi', 'NS et ego Burnectus Bonaccursi Latinus notarius predicta coram me Acta Rogatus publice scriptsi'.

  Alison Stones, Julia Bolton Holloway, Diane Modesto, Jennifer Marshall with Capitolo Fiorentino 310.

A.22,23. October/November BL's rhetorical letter to Pavia about death of Abbot Tesauro. Survives in Epistolarium.

A.24,25 IV,V. ASF 14 October 1259. Protocol, Compagnie religiose soppresse 479 (C.XVIII,302), Cistercian Badia at Settimo, fols. 60-60v. 'NS et ego Burnectus Latinus notarius nunc Antianorum scriba, predicta domini Capitanei et Antianorum mandato publice scripsi'.

A.26. ASF Strozzi-Uguccione. Miscellanea diplomatica, 13 August 1253, 26 October 1259. Privilege copied from BL document to Uguccione family. 'prout in actis et quaternus strumentorum notariorum anzianorum Populi Florentie existensibus penes Burnectus notarium anzianorum Inveni it hic fideliter scripsi et exemplavi anno et indictione predictis'.

A.27 VI. ASF 4 June-15 July, 1260. Libro di Montaperti, fols. 33-35 written in BL's hand.

A.28. ASF 26 February 1260. Libro di Montaperti, fol. 11. 'Precepit Burnetto. Bonaccursi latini, judici et notario sindico ut dixit Comunis et hominibus de Monteguarchi'.

A.29. ASF 20 July 1260. Libro di Montaperti, fol. 50v. 'Pro quo fideiussit Burnettus Bonaccusri latini judex et notarius'.

A.30. ASF 22 July 1260. Libro di Montaperti, fol. 65. 'Pro quibus fideiussit Brunettus Bonaccursi latini notariua'.

A.31. ASF 23 July 1260. Libro di Montaperti, fol. 74v. 'fideiussit Burnettus Bonaccorsi latini notarius'.

A.32. ASF  24 July 1260. Libro di Montaperti, fol. 65. 'Pro quibus fideiusset Bunrettus predictus'.

[A.33. Biblioteca Laurenziana, Strozziano 146, Tesoretto, fol. 1v, Brunetto Latino at Court of Alfonso el Savio as Florentine Ambassador.

A.34. Giovanni Villani, Cronica, VI.lxxiii, p. 100. 'E l'ambasciadore fu ser Brunetto Latini, uomo di grande senno e autoritade; ma innanzi che fosse fornita l'ambasciata, i Fiorentini furono sconfitti a Montaperti'.

Exile

A.35. Brunetto Latini listed in Giovanni Villani, Cronica, VI.lxxix.113, as one of exiles from Porta del Duomo after Battle of Montaperti. 'Di porte del Duomo . . . ser Brunetto Latini e suoi'.

A.36. Rhetorical Letter from father, Bonaccursus Latinus, about Montaperti. In Epistolarium. 'Bonacursius latinus de florencia dilecto filio Bornecto notario, ad excellentissimum dominum Alfonsum romanorum et hispanorum regem iamdudum pro communi florentie destinato, salutem, et paterne dilectionis affectum'.

A.37. BL discusses exile in Rettorica, Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.127, fols. 1v-2. 'Brunettus Latinus, per cagione della guerra la quale fue tralle parti di Firenze, fue isbandito de la terra, quando la sua parte guelfa si tenea col papa e cola chiesa de Roma fu casciata et isbandita de la terra'.

A.38. Livres dou Tresor, first redaction account of exile. 'et avec els en fu chacié maistres Brunez Latin; et si estoit il pare cele guerre essiliez en France quant li fist cest livre por l'amor de son ami'.]

A.39 VII. Archivio Segreto Vaticano, Instr. Misc. 99. 15, 24 September, 1263, from Arras. 'NS et ego Burnectus Latinus Notarius de Florentia predicta coram me Acta Rogatus publice scripsi'.


Vatican Secret Archive

A.40 VIII. Wesminster Abbey, 17 April 1264, from Bar-sur-Aube. Muniment 12843. 'NS et ego Brunectus Latinus Notarius, predicta coram me Acta Rogatus publice scripsi'.
For Bishop in this Document,
Peter d'Aigueblanche, see Dictionary of National Biography.

[A.41. Livre dou Tresor contains letter to Charles written prior to June 1265. Charles of Anjou sworn in a Senator of Rome. Sculpture by Arnolfo di Cambio of Charles in senatorial garb, Capitoline, Rome.

A.42. Li Livres dou Tresor. 2nd redaction. Narrates Conrad's defeat by Charles at Battle of Tagliacozzo, 1265.]

Tyranny

A.43. ASF 20 August 1267. Volterra diploma, During Seige of Poggibonsi. 'Presentibus testibus Brunetto Latino'.

A.44 IX. ASF 6 December 1269, San Gimignano, Commune, Diploma. At Pistoia as Protonotario. 'NS et ego Brunectus prothonotarius supradictus predictis interfui et ea rogavi et imbreviavi mandato domini vicarii et rogatu Sindici memorati et specialiter suprascriptas litteras mandato domini vicarii publicavi et ea omnia prout scripta sunt supra, hic scribi feci et mandavi. Ideoque subscripsi. http://lartte.sns.it/pergasfi/index.php?op=fetch&type=pergamena&id=1560657

A.45. 12 December 1269. San Gimignano, Bibl. com., Liber blancus, fol. 81v. Same document as above with minor differences in ordering of formulae. 'et consiliario domini vicarii supradicti brunetto latino de florentia prothonotario curie domini vicarii supradicti. Datum per manus Brunetti Latini de Florentia, curie nostre prothonotarii.

A.46,47. ASF 20 December 1269. Pistoia, Cap. Fir. Reg. 29, fol. 119v; Cap. Fir. Reg. 35, fol. 7. 'et domino Burnecto Latino protonotario dicti domini vicarij generalis'.

A.48,49. ASF 25 February 1270, at Pistoia. Volterra Diploma, 1269 (for 1270), 25 February; copy, 1271, April 13,28. 'et domino Brunecto notario dicti vicarii'.

A.50. 22 March 1270. Historiae Pisanae, fragmenta, auctore Guidone de Corvaria, in L.A. Muratori XXIV.673-674. Ambassadors from Florence to Pisa sent by King Charles of Anjou's Vicar in Tuscany, Johannes Britaldi. 'Brunectus notarius superscripti Vicarii de Florentia'.

A.51. ASB 12 July 1270. Memoriali di Pietro di Bonincontri Cazaluna, 1270, fol. LIIII. Latinus Bonaccursi in Bologna borrows money. Guarantor, 'Brunetto Bonaccursi et fratribus ipsius Bruneti'.

A.52. ASB 8 December 1270. Ivi, CLI. Above loan paid back. 'domini Bruneti Latini et sociorum dicti domini Bruniti'.

A.53. ASF 13 July 1272. Santa Maria Nuova. Diplomatic. Concerning a licence granted by the Comune to sell property. 'Brunectum Latini notarium, tunc scribam, consiliorum et Cancellarie communis Florentie'. Bono Giamboni notarizes document, 'NS Ego Bonus filius olim domini Jamboni Judex'.

A.54. 23 October 1273. Marchione di Coppo Stefani, Istoria Fiorentina Monumenti, in Ildefonso di San Luigi, Delizie degli Eruditi, VIII.129,134. 'Ego Brunectus de Latinis Notarius necnon Scriba Consiliorum Comunis Florentiae praedicta a me scripta in libro stantiamentorum . . . de libro stantiamentorum Comunis Florentine scripta per Brunectum Latinum Notarium, Scribam Consiliorum dicti Comunis de mandanto . . . huius exempli vidi, et legi, et ea, quae in eo reperi per ordinem, preter signum dicti Brunetti'.

A.55. ASS 25 July 1274. Cons. gener. 19, fol. 9v. Concerning negotiations for the Guelf League in Tuscany against Pisa. 'coram Burnetto Latini, notario de Florentia'.

A.56. Formerly ASF October 29, 1274. *Document, now sold, named Brunetto Latino.

A.57. ASF 30 January 1275, but to be retrieved as Diplomatic, Archive Generale, 1 January 1274. Latino President or 'Console dell'Arte dei Giudici e Notarii per sesto di Porte di Duomo, now absent. 'et Burnectus Latini notario, pro sextu Porte Domus, Consulibus consociis nostris, nunc absentibus'.

A.58. 14 February 1275. Privilege granted to Rodolfo de Benincasa d'Altomena, citing earlier *1259 document by Brunetto, 'ut continetur in scriptura publica Brunecti Latini notarii, scribe Consiliorum Comunis Florentie'.

And then there is silence, an absence, from 1274-1282, where BL may be in secret negotiations in Outremer, Aragon, Genova, Constantinople, apart from a brief return for the 1280 Peace of Cardinal Latino. The Sicilian Vespers breaks out, March 30, Easter Monday, 1282.

A.59. 20 February 1280, Cap. Fir. Reg. 29, fols. 325-348. Peace of Cardinal Latino. 'Ser Burnectus Latini que sunt de sextu porte domus'

A.60. Coppo Stefano, Monumenti, in Ildefonso IX.102,105. 'Kavaliere aureate della massa dei Guelfi . . . ser Brunetto Latini'. 18 January, 'expromissiones pro Guelfis de Sextu Porte Domus . . . Ser Brunetto Latini'. 7 February, 'mallevadori de' Guelfi . . . Ser Brunetto Latini'.

Vespers

[A.61. Letter sent from comune of Palermo to comune of Messina to urge revolt against King Charles of Anjou. 'Questa lectera mandò il comune di palermo a quello di messina, per ismuoverli a rubellarsi contra lo re Carlo'.

A.62. Amari I Tesoro Sicilian Vespers account in four manuscripts.

A.63. Amari II Tesoro Sicilian Vespers account in three manuscripts.

A.64. Florentine MS, Biblioteca Nazionale, Magl. VIII.1375, Amari III Tesoro Sicilian Vespers, complete account of secret diplomacy, exchange of letters, shared with Sicilian manuscripts.]

Priorate


A.65. 21 October 1282. Liber Fabarum, I. fol. 49v. 'Ser Brunetus Latini consuluit secundum propositionem'.

A.66 X ASF Imprecisely Dated Document. 'Regio Acquisto X  XIII Secolo'. Arte di Calimala legal transaction. 'NS et ego Brunectus Latinus Notarius, nunc Scriba Consulum premissorum, predicta publice scripsi'.

A.67. 1284. Consiglio del Podestà e del Comune. BL, Guido Cavalcanti, Dino Compagni in Consiglio Generale del Comune.

A.68. *ASF 10 January 1284-28 May 1285. Lib Fab. I.viii, fol. 5. Not found in conserved version, flood damage. Guido dei Cavalcanti also listed. 'Non si vede di che sesto, ma credo di Duomo. Ser Brunettus Latini'.

A.69, 70, 71, 72. 13 October 1284. ASF Cap Fir. Reg. 43, olim XLIV/XLVI, fols. 34-37v, repeated fols. 85-87v;
ASG, Cod. C, fol. 126v; *Genova, XXXIX, Biblioteca Universitaria Cod. A, fol. 437. Whole section as though copied by a discipulus scriptor, faithfully following Brunetto's own scribal conventions. League against Pisa, blockading entry of all foodstuffs into city, on order of King Charles of Anjou. 'Burnectus Latinus et Manettus Benincasa, sindici Comunis Florencie', 'videlicet dicti Burnectus et manettus Sindici Comunis Florentie, nomine dicti Comunis Florentie', 'Ser Burnecto Latino notario'.

A.75, 76, 77 14 October 1284. ASF Cap. Fir. Reg. 43, fol. 38;
ASG Cod. C., fol. 129v; *Genova, XL, Biblioteca Universitaria, Cod. A, fol. 439v. 'Et dicti Sindici Comuni Florentie, Janue, et Luca, videlicet Burnectus Latinus Sindicus Comunis Florencie'.

A.78.79. 15 October 1284.
ASG Cod. C, fol. 130; *Genova, XLI, Biblioteca Universitaria Cod. A, fol. 439.  'videlicet brunetus latini et mainetus benecasa sindici comunis florencie'.

A.80, 81. 20 October 1284
ASG Cod C, fol. 130v; *Genova, XLIII, Biblioteca Universitaria, Cod. A, fol. 440. 'et dicti sindici dictorum comunium florencie ianue et luce videlicet burnetus latini et maynetus benecase sindici comunis florencie'.

A.82, 83. 20 October 1284
ASG Cod. C, fol. 131; *Genova, XLIV, Biblioteca Universitaria, Cod. A, fol. 440. 'videlicet brunetus latini
et mainetus benencase sindici comunis florencie'.

A.84. ASF 19 January 1285 Lib. Fab. I, fol. 69. 'Ser Brunectus Latini consuluit de absolutione capituli loquentis de electione Potestatis, pro electione Capitanei. . . . Item placuit maiori parti secundum dictum predicti ser Brunecti super dilatione'.

A.85. 3 February 1285 Lib. Fab. I, fol. 71v. About peace between Genova and Pisa. Corso Donati also spoke. 'Ser Brunectus Latini consuluit'.

A.86. ASF 8 February 1285 Lib. Fab. I, fol. 72.  'Ser Brunectum Latini consuluit secundum prepositionem'.

A.87. ASF 10 February 1285 Lib. Fab. I, fol. 65. 'Ser Burnectus Latini consuluit'.

A.88. ASF 13 February 1285 Lib. Fab. I.vi between fls. 65-66; *not found in flood damaged/conserved version. 'sopra quali consigliano lungamente Se Brunetto Latini'.

A.89. ASF 16 March 1285 Lib. Fab. I, fol. 82v. Concerning Lucca. 'Ser Brunectus Latini consuluit, quod utile est pro Comuni Florentie teneri Consilia'.

A.90. ASF 17 March 1285 Lib Fab. I, fol. 83. About embassy (kept secret from King Charles of Anjou), to Count Ugolino of Pisa with Lucca and Genova (Tuscan League). 'Ser Brunectus Latini consuluit, quod ambaxiatores . . . '

A.91. ASF 30 March 1285. Lib Fab. I, fol. 87. On construction of 'Palatio Comunis Florentie' (Palazzo Vecchio), of fish weir on Arno, etc. Manectus Benincasa also spoke. 'Ser Brunectus Latini consuluit, quod utile est teneri Consilium de predictis omnibus secundum propositionem'.

A.92. ASF 10 April 1285. Lib Fab. I, fol. 92. On number of Priors. 'Presentibus testibus . . . ser Brunecto Latini . . . . Placuit quasi omnibus'.

A.93. ASF 12 April 1285. Lib Fab. I, fol. 92v. On approving Statues for Val d'Era, who wish to elect twelve Savia, half lawyers, half merchants, under Florentine jurisdiciton. 'Ser Brunectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.94. ASF 5 June 1285. Lib Fab. I, fol. 104v. 'Ser Brunectus Latini' on secret embassy to Count Ugolino and Comune of Pisa, while appearing to be at war against Pisa.

[A.95. Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale II.VIII.36, Tesoro, perhaps written by discipulus scriptor, 1285-1286.

A.96. Prior from 15 August-15 October 1287. Would have passed two months in Torre del Castagna by the Badia]

A.97. ASF 4 September 1287. Provvisioni protocolli I, fols. 62v-63. Speaks as Prior in church of St Peter Scheraggio 'more solitu'. 'sapiens vir ser Brunectus Latini de numero dominorum Priorum Artium'.

A.98. ASF 3 October 1287. Provv. protocolli I, fol. 63v. Further to previous discussion, Ser Brunetto Latino again speaking.

A.99 ASF 16 April 1289. Provvisioni registri II, fol. 2. Preparations for war against Arezzo, resulting in 11 June Battle of Campaldino. 'Ser Burnectus lainus consuluit supra dicta bailia. et se cum dicto sapienti omnibus concordant'.

A.100. ASF 12 July, 1289. Provv. Reg. 2, fol. 14. On funding, after the fact, of war against Arezzo. 'Ser Burnectus latini surrexit et aringando consuluit quod super facto decto pecunie habende in comuni provideatur per dominos capitaneum, Vicarium Potestatis et Priores Artium et alios sapientes viros quos et quo habere voluerint; et valeat quicquid providerint et fecerint de predictis'.

A.101. ASF. Guid. Nota. 5, fol. 12 ult, which commences 1290. Lists 'Ser Brunettus Latini' as 'notarius civitatis de sextu Porte Domus'. *Now too damaged to read.

A.102. ASF 12 January 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fols. 1v-2. In choir of Santa Reparata concerning Arezzo. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit, quod predicta sint in Potestate, Capitaneo et Prioribus, et in aliis, siquos habere voluerint ad predicta; ita quod alte et basse possint in predictis providere secundum quod eis videbitur, ad honorem et bonum statum Comunis Florentie viderint convenire et etiam amicorum. Placuit omnibus secundum dictum ser Burnecti predicti et aliorum'.

A.103. ASF 18 January 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 3. War taxation for Arezzo campaign. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit secundum propositionem'.

A.104. ASF 6 February 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 9. Concerning an appointment to office and salary. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit secundum propositiones predictas'.

A.105. ASF 8 February 1290. 67, fol. 121v. *Listed so in ASF Indice, 163, but volume not found. Is not Cap. Fir. Reg. 67. '. . . e uno del consiglio dei Pregati'.

A.106. ASF 22 February 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 13. Again on war taxation and funding. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.107. ASF 12 March 1290. Lib Fab. II, fol. 21v. Concerning war with Pisa and embassy, and needed funds. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.108. ASF 13 March 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 22. More of the same. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit secundum propositiones predictas'.

A.109. ASF 21 March 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 24. Concerning disposition of Aretine territories, prisoners. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit secundum propositiones predictas absolutis capitulis'.

A.110. ASF 21 March 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 24v. Concerning reparations to Count Guelfus, Count Ugolino's surviving son, and the freeing of prisoners of war at Easter in Florence and Arezzo. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.111. ASF 20 April 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 32. Embassy to Empoli, League against Arezzo, concerning Count Guelfus. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit, quod secundum formam ambaxiate date ambaxiatoribus Comunis Florentie in predictis omnibus procedatur; et quod comes Gulefus recipiatur ad Societatu, cum illa quantibus militum que haberi poterit ab eo.'

A.112. ASF 1 May 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 32v. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.113. ASF 1 May 1290. Provv. reg. II, fol. 85. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus surrexit and arringit consuluit'.

A.114. ASF 4 June 1290. Lib. Fab. fol. 40. On Lucca sending forces to aid Florence. League of Lucca, Prato, San Miniato, Bologna, Pistoia, Castello Gallure. In the Badia. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit, quod examinentur expense necessarie pro exercitu et pro aliis opportunis; et si in Camera est pecunia sufficiens, mutuetur dicta quantitas: alioquin, eis mututentur.vc floreni vel mille libre florenorum parvorum'.

A.115. ASF 4 November 1290. Lib. Fab. II, fol. 83. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit, quod Priores habeant duos Sapientes per sextum, qui sint boni, et maturi homines; qui in predictis provideant, secundum quod viderint convenire. Placuit quasi omnibus secundum dictum ser Burnecti predicti'.

A.116. ASF 8 February 1291. Lib Fab. III, fol. 59v. About Prato's unwillingness to give military support to Florence over Arezzo. On Florentine embassy to Prato. 'D. Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.117. ASF 29 June 1291. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 41v. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.118. ASF 24 July 1291. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 42. Again, about freeing prisoners. This section of Liber Fabarum is cancelled. 'Ser Burnectus Latini consuluit secundum propositionem'.

A.119. ASF 14 October 1291. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 26v. About electing notaries and nuncios to Priorate. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit'.

A.120. ASF 27 February 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 86. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit secundum propositionem predictam.  Placuit quasi omnibus secundum dictum dicti Ser Burnecti'.

A.121. ASF 5 March 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 86v. 'Ser Burnectus Latini consuluit'.

A.122. ASF 21 March 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 89v. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit . . . Placuit omnibus secundum ser Burnecti, super facto ambaxiatorum de Pistorio'.

A.123. ASF 3 April 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 91. 'Ser Burnectus Latini notarius consuluit'.

A.124. ASF 13 April 1292. Lib Fab. III, fol. 92. About peace concord. 'Ser Burnectus Latini notarius consuluit secundum propositionem predictam'.

A.125. ASF 16 April, 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 138v. Embassy concerning response to Charles II, Apulia. 'Ser Burnetus Latinus consuluit, quod Potestas, Capitaneus et Priores, cum illis Spaientibus quos habere voluirint, exminent et diligenter provideant super quolibet articulo, et cras summo manne hoc Consilium habeatur super predictis'.

A.126. ASF 26 April, 1292. *Lib. Fab. III. [not found, flood damage]. About expenses in connection with war with Pisa. 'Ser Burnectus Latini notarius consuluit, de solutione'.

A.127. ASF 17 June, 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 141. In Baptistery. Against Pisa. 'Ser Burnectus Latinus consuluit, quod remaneat in Prioribus de providendo super motu exercitus, vel de hoc remictendo ad illos de exercitu'.

A.128. ASF 17 July, 1292. Lib. Fab. III, fol. 99v. Section cancelled. 'Ser Burnectus Bonaccursi notarius consuluit'.

A.129. ASF 22 July, 1292. Lib. Fab. III, circa fol. 100. Council against Pisans, Vanni Fucci (Inf. XXIV.97-XXV.24) discussed. 'Ser Burnectus Bonaccursi notarius consuluit secundum propositionem predictam'.

[A.130. Dante's presentation of Vita Nuova to BL, with accompanying sonnet, Easter. 1292 or 1293? 'Messer Brunetto, questa pulzelletta'.

A.131. Death of BL, 1294; tomb inscription on stone column, 'Brunetti Latini et filiorum'.

A.132. Giovanni Villani VIII.x. 'Nel detto anno 1294 morì in Firenze uno valente dittadino il quale ebbe nome ser Brunetto Latini, il quale fu gran filosofo, e più sommo maestro in rettorica, tanto in bene sapere dire come in bene dittare'.

A.133. Filippo Villani, 'Brunetto Latino Rettorico'.

A.134. Dante pretends he meets BL in Inf. XV.24-33.]

 

B. Vernacular Manuscripts in Libraries

Because Brunetto Latino wrote in two countries and in three languages, the manuscript traditions correspondingly represent this branching, the letters of state being in a fine Latin, the manuscripts of the Orationes, Il tesoretto, Il tesoro, La rettorica, and L'Etica in Italian, those of Li Livres dou Tresor being generally Picard in provenance (though often written in Italian libraria). In the texts in French BL even refers to himself in the French manner as 'Brunet Latin'. These manuscript families thus exemplify BL's exile from and return to Florence. The bulk of the MSS are of Li Livres dou Tresor and these are to be found as far apart as Madrid, Oxford and St Petersburg (several, mainly fragments, later travel to the New World), and they can serve to demonstrate the currency of French, the lingua franca, in medieval Europe. The vernacular Italian works are limited for the most part to Italy. Yet there their influence may have been more lasting through BL's students, such as Guido Cavalcanti, Francesco da Barberino and Dante Alighieri. Indeed, Florence exhibits a paucity of Tresor manuscripts (only one, Laurentian, Ashburnham 125, which came later to Florence, out of 88 elsewhere), but a multiplicity (22 out of 42) of Tesoro MSS. Likewise seven of the 17 Tesoretto MSS are still in situ in Florence. It is clear Dante Alighieri would have used Brunetto Latino's Tesoretto and Tesoro in Italian, not Li Livres dou Tresor in French. Dante in Inferno XV.119 testifies to Brunetto Latino's 'Tesoro', not his 'Tresor', and likewise to his 'maestro', 'ser Brunetto Latino' (30, 32).

A discussion of the illuminations of the two languages and nations result in different styles and conventions. However, it appears that BL had access to Italian scribes in Arras in northern France where the Lombard community was vigorous during this period, so that there are manuscripts in Picardan French with French illuminations but in the Bolognan libraria script of MS Ba.1. Many of the earliest and best Italian manuscripts of Rettorica, Ethica, Tesoretto and Tesoro are likewise in this script. Accounts of the MSS for Il Tesoretto are to be found in Zannoni (C.19), Pozzi/Contini (C.73) and Bolton Holloway (C.85, E); for La Rettorica and the Ciceronian orations in Maggini (C.57, C.77) and Bolton Holloway (E); for La sommetta in Wieruszowski (C.71), Aruch (BgIV), Hijmans-Tromp (C.94); for Li Livres dou Tresor in Chabaile (C.39), Carmody (C.63), Bolton Holloway (E), M. Alison Stones, The Illustrations of the Tresor to c. 1320, Adelaide Bennett, Judy Oliver, Briogitte Rouc (Ib); for Il tesoro in Marchesi (Ja), Mascheroni (BgIII), and Bolton Holloway (E).

Ba. Il tesoretto and Il favolello Manuscripts

The major work on Tesoretto MSS was done by Ubaldini (C.10), Zannoni (C.19), Wiese (C.46, C.55), Cart (BgI), Picci (BgI), D'Ancona (BgI), Mussafia (BgI), Wurzbach (BgIII16.Rev), Bertoni (BgI), Pozzi/Contini (C.73) and Bolton Holloway (C.85). Confusion exists concerning the siglum. A tentative stemma, from which I omit the Kraków (formerly Berlin, Ba.12) and Cornell University 4 (Ba.17) manuscript fragments, is

Wiese (C.46) also listed M2, Biblioteca Nazionale, Magliabechiano II.III.335, as containing Il tesoretto. Tommaso Casini had written to Wiese telling him of it. But it is not in that MS nor does Mazzatinti list it. Wiese also mentions a fragment at Madrid as part of the Marqués de Santillana collection, but it does not appear in Mario Schiff (BgIII), nor in the Madrid catalogue, though that collection does contain French, Castilian and Catalan versions of Li Livres dou Tresor. I therefore exclude these two fugitive MSS. I add the MS now in Kraków (Ba.12), and Cornell 4 (Ba.17), to those I edited in 1981. BL lyrics are found in Vaticano, lat. 3793. A fragment of the Tesoretto and some fugitive BL lyrics are copied out in the 16-17 C. commonplace book, Vaticano, Reg. lat. 1603, fols. 35v-45, Kristeller, Iter Italicum II. I ordered microfilms of all these Tesoretto manuscripts, working from these as well as from the originals, but Princeton University Library retained the microfilms.

In most manuscripts the text of Il tesoretto is followed by that of Il favolello, a poem on friendship, much influenced by Cicero, Ailred of Rievaulx, Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun. Il favolello is addressed to BL's friend (though a Ghibelline) and fellow poet, Rustico di Filippo, and it also mentions Palamidesse, a fellow poet and friend of theirs (see Kb). In one manuscript Favolello alone is given (Ba.18). Only one manuscript is illuminated (Ba.1). There are 17 manuscripts which contain Il tesoretto in whole or in part, perhaps more, and the one with Il favolello only. Three Tesoretto manuscripts, interestingly, are bound with the Commedia (Ba.3, Ba.8, Ba.11).


Ba.1. S. Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Strozziano 146
Written on vellum in the late 13 C, according to Bandini, in the 14 C according to later editors. Bolton Holloway (C.85), on the basis of other BL manuscripts in this script that are dated 13 C, prefers Bandini's dating. The gatherings are in three quires with signatures, one of 8 plus 2, one of 8, one of 12 folios. Beginnings of sections of the poem use large alternating red and blue capitals, typical of many Tesoretto manuscripts. The script is a Bolognan libraria or 'Italian Gothic' book hand. Each line begins with a small capital that has a yellow wash applied to it, and each line ends with a period. Illuminations occur, in delicate sanguine and grisaille and in Italian style, at the foot of many of the pages. See Campbell (Ia), Ciccuto (Ia), Degenhart (Ia), Monti Nicali (Ia), Roux (Ib), Bertelli (BgIII), and the facsimile publication (C.99): http://www.florin.ms/tesorettintroital.html, http://www.florin.ms/tesorettintro.html, http://www.florin.ms/tesorett.htmlhttp://www.florin.ms/fagolett.html .

Ba.2. L. Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Laur. Plut. 40.45.
Early 14 C Florentine manuscript, similar to S, with alternating red and blue capitals and a yellow wash applied to smaller ones. Cart (BgI) gave it the siglum C. The quires are in 8s with 27 folios, Favolello beginning at fol. 26 and taking up three pages of two folios. The text is in two columns. The binding is typical of the Laurentian library, matching Michelangelo's architectural design, with kermes-dyed red leather, metal boss and corners, chain and nailed-on lable under horn. Pages have been cut from original size. The text has more errors than S. S. Bertelli (BgIII).

Ba.3. F1. Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier, 14614-14616.
Early 14 C Florentine. This lengthy manuscript contains first an entire Commedia of 108 leaves. Il tesoretto, written in three columns to the page, takes up folios 95-106. Pozzi (C.73) gives it the siglum F because it was owned by Charles Fox, while Wiese (C.46) had given that siglum to Laur. Plut. 61.17 of Favolello only. Modern binding. See D'Ancona (BgI), U. Marchesini (BgI), who maintains that this, like Trivulzian DC codex, was written by ser Francesco di ser Nardi de Barberino (LaII), with same commentary by Jacopo Alighieri, Busone da Gubbio (see C.21). 

Ba.4. N. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Palatino 387
14 C Florentine. Manuscript gives a list of its contents in a later hand on paper as extracts from the liber aureus of sayings of the philosophers, followed by Cato and Seneca, treatises on virtues and morals, then, sixth, 'Tesoretto di Brunetto Latini'. Alternate red and blue capitals, two columns of text, pricking on outer margins, vellum binding, titled 'Sentenze e Ammaestramenti di Filosofi'. Favolello here reads as if it were Ptolemy's speech to BL. S. Bertelli (BgIII).

Ba.5. B. Brescia, Queriniana, A.VII.11
Fine 14 C Emilian manuscript of 46 leaves in Bolognan libraria. Its words are carefully spaced and capitals given to proper nouns, which is not the usual practice with Florentine Tesoretto manuscripts. It lacks Il favolello. Cart (BgI) gave it the siglum Q and noted that it is closer to the source than R. See Picci (BgI).

Ba.6. C1. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano L.VII.249. Fols. 123-133v. °Microfilm.
Dated by Wiese (C.46) at the end of the 14 C. Cart (BgI) gave it the siglum B. It is a large volume containing material concerning government and rhetoric, titled 'Questo libro tratta della Dottrina et delli ammaestramenti/ che sono dati da savi in su la dottrina del parlare/ tratti dalla Rhettorica di Tullio/ di Mr Brunetto', and it also contains the Epistolarium, with Vignolan letters concerning Frederick II and Abbot Tesauro, among others. This manuscript was owned by the Bishop of Acerno and was used by Ubaldini (C.10) for his edition. Is it MS Rezzi cited in his edition? 'Brunetto Latini Il Tesoretto' is at fol. 123. In three columns, incomplete. It shares readings and omissions with B and lacks the 'Penetenza'.  See Bd, Be.

Ba.7. C3. Città del Vaticana, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano L.VII.267.

Ba.8. C2. Rome, Accademia dei Lincei, Biblioteca Corsiniana, Corsiniano Rossi 4 (44 G 3)
This manuscript contains Dante's Commedia, fol. 88v has a half-page of Bolognan libraria, then BL's Tesoretto incomplete, in a different hand from rest of manuscript, fols. 92-93V. A Latin prose argument precedes the Tesoretto fragment, analyses the plot and speaks of the obtuseness of Latino's pilgrim persona. Evidence of prison copying and Averroist material. See Petrucci, Catalogo (BgI).

Ba.9. C. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano L.V.166.
Dated by Wiese (C.46) at the end of 14 C. It has 39 leaves. Corrections have been made to the text from Strozziano manuscript, probably by Ubaldini in readiness for his edition (C.10).

Ba.10. M. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Magliabechiano VII.1052.
Very similar to Riccardiano 2908 (siglum R; Ba.16) in appearance, except that it is written in a single column to the page. Wiese (C.46) claims that R is 13 C, M 15 C, while Grion (N), states R is 15 C. These manuscripts are both written in a crude cursive Gothic upon parchment that exhibits a similar disparity between their hair and flesh sides. S. Bertelli (BgIII).

Ba.11. G. Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Laur. Plut. 90 inf 47.
Like C1 in being an omnium gatherum. Wiese (C.46) dates it as 15 C in agreement with Zannoni (C.19). It is Florentine, and opens with BL's Tesoretto in two columns at folio 2. Il pataffo (E, N) is at fols. 24-36v. Excerpts from Inferno follow later, including Canto XV as it gives Inferno III-XIX. At 100v the Vita di Dante Alighieri, written by Leonardo Bruni Aretino, speaks of BL.

Ba.12. B2. Kraków, Bibliotheca Jagiellońska, cod. it., 2819, fol. 150, formerly Berlin, Königlichen Bibliothek. °Microfilm.
Wiese (BgI, C.55) noted this fragment. My thanks to Dr Hans-Erich Teitge, Berlin, for the information as to its present disposition and to the Bibliotheca Jagiellońska for its microfilm. It is a fragment in Bolognan libraria from a good early MS. Irene Maffia Scariati finds it corresponds to Strozziano 146, fols 2v-12v, lines 191-1322.

Ba.13. P. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. nouv. acq. 1745
Paper, 15 C MS. P is descended from M. The manuscript also contains part of the Epistolarium and astronomical material and is a Florentine common-place book. Il tesoretto fragment is at fols. 12, 12v. Prose Troy tale follows. Five-pointed stars on fly leaves. See Bertoni (BgI).

Ba.14. Z. Venezia, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Zanetti 49 (4749)
16 C Venetian MS, written in a beautiful Humanist script, but takes liberties with modernizing the text.

Ba.15. V. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Vat. lat. 3220
Beautiful Humanist script, frontispiece illuminated with gold borders, decoration. Attests to 16 C popularity of the poem. Wiese (C.46), Cart (BgI) and Pozzi (C.73) all state that V was copied from Z. MS also contains Petrarchan material.

Ba.16. R. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, Riccardiano 2908
Contains Il tesoretto and the poem once thought to be by BL, Il mare amoroso, as well as a sonnet. While Contini (C.73) does not ascribe Il mare amoroso to BL because it contains Lucchese elements, Wiese (C.46) had chosen this manuscript as his base text and Pozzi (C.73) and Mazzoni (C.75) have continued this practice. The MS is slovenly and much like 15 C M (Ba.10). Its Lucchese orthography is quite unlike the rest of the Tesoretto MSS. Its text speaks of the writing of the French Li Livres dou Tresor in the past; the others speak of that task in the future tense. Wiese chose this text and considered it to be 13 C because of his belief that Il mare amoroso was BL's. It is not. On Mare amoroso, see N. Base text for Wiese (C.46), Pozzi/Contini (C.73), Mazzoni (C.75), Ciccuto (C.87) editions. S. Bertelli (Bg.1).

Ba.17. C4. Cornell University 4. Il tesoretto.
Paper MS. Fragment. 10 folios. 28 x 21 cm. Written in Florence, early 15 C. De Ricci, Supplement, p. 319.

Ba.18. F. Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Laur. Plut 61.7
Contains only Il favolello which begins at fol. 97v. Colophon dates MS 1382. Pozzi (B.73) gives it the siglum La instead of Zannoni's F, which Pozzi now gives to Ba.3, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier 14614-14616. Laurentian binding. Red and black rubrication. Wisdom book.


BbI. Li Livres dou Tresor Manuscripts

Chabaille's edition (C.39), commissioned by Napoleon I, but finished and published 1873 under Napoleon III, gives fine descriptions of  manuscripts. Fauriel (E) also listed Li livres dou Tresor manuscripts, as had Chabaille, by their former numbering, pp. 292-93, published 1895. Carmody, published 1947 (C.63), in order to defend his  edition, disparaged that by Chabaille. Edith Brayer (BgII) discovered further manuscripts following Carmody, and Françoise Vielliard (BgII), later, even more. However, the manuscript descriptions by all need to be consulted Chabaille's being often more extensive. To their description should be added the observations by art historians M. Alison Stones, Adelaide Bennett, Judy Oliver, Brigitte Roux on the manuscripts that emanated from Arras and Therouanne workshops. See Alison M. Stones, The Illustrations of the Tresor to c. 1320 (Ib); Brigitte Roux, L'iconographie du Livre dou Tresor: Diversité des cycles (Ib, Roux 1) and Mondes en Miniatures (Ib, Roux 2) for analysis of miniatures. I add 10 more manuscripts to Carmody's list.

I have removed four manuscripts from Carmody's list, and should have removed six. His siglum E, Paris B.N. 7320 A-B, 23 Lancelot, does not correspond with any manuscript among the new B.N. numbers, because it became R5, Vat. lat. 3203 (Bb.61), which was given by the Bibliothèque Nationale to the Vatican Library. Thus Carmody listed one MS twice. Carmody's P4 (Bb.53), Arsenal 5258, is not a Tresor in its own right, but a reference to manuscripts in the King's Library, specifically to Bibl. du Roy 92, in a list drawn up by Du Cange. His R6, Vatican lat. 5908, is a 17 C paper manuscript which begins to copy out R5, then stops. It is extremely fragmentary and of no validity. D4 (Bb.24) had been burned in Dunkerque in 1929 and was likely never seen by Carmody. His T4 had likewise been destroyed in a fire in Torino, in 1904. His Z4 (Bb.77) in Strasbourg is merely a pastedown fragment of a Tresor manuscript or a different text entirely. The two Berne fragments may also not be to BL's Tresor but to a different text. Carmody placed S2 (Bb.63) in the wrong city, St. Oen instead of St. Omer. Chabaille was more exact. The stemma Carmody (C.63), p. xxxvii, provided of the MSS divides them into two major families, presenting, in the first redaction, the chronicle material during BL's exile, the second redaction, following his return from exile, but during which he was commissioning their continuing production.



See Chabaille (C.39), p. xxxvi, Carmody (C.63), p. lv, on lost manuscripts. Italian, Spanish and German libraries may not have been sufficiently searched. Besides the Plimpton manuscript which Carmody thought was at Yale but which is at Columbia with a second manuscript, there was also a manuscript in the collection at Warwick Castle which was probably sold off in the Edwardian period and has vanished without a trace, unless it became the one destroyed in the 1929 fire at Dunkerque. In addition to these, Fauriel (E), p. 295, gives several whose present whereabouts are unknown. Chabaille mentions Verona, Naples, Milan and the library of Ferté-en-Ponthieu (BEC 13 [1852], 559) as possessing, now or formerly, copies of Tresor and notes that Legrand Aussy, V, 268-74, wrote an early account of BL MSS. Morbio (E) noted MSS at Verona, Milan, Venice, Ferrara. Chabaille, p. vi, noted Tresor interpolations in Assise de Jerusalem, 282, 283, on government, and in Aimery du Peyrat, Abbé de Moissac, Chronicles of Popes (citing a 15 C *MS, Beluzes 4991A). Carmody (C.63), p. xxi, notes that a French Tresor was translated into Italian, and then was translated back into French by Jean de Corbichon. Spurgeon Baldwin (C.86) and Charles Faulhaber (BgIV) list Spanish holdings of French Tresor.

BbI.1. A. Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal 2677.
13 or 14 C. 1st redaction. Bolognan libraria. Miniatures, including BL teaching. Related to Y. Chabaille (C.39), Carmody (C.63), Brayer (BgII), Vielliard (BgII), Beltrami ('Tre schede', BgII.4), Bolton Holloway (E), Roux 2 (BgII). Related to Y (BbI).

BbI.2. A1. Geneva, Bibliothèque Publique Universitaire, Comites Latentes 179.
13/14 C. Stones believes by associate of Mauberge Master. François Avril thought it closer to Maitre Honoré than to Pucelle. Miniatures. Segre-Amar (BgII), Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Beltrami, Stones, Roux 2. Unknown to Chabaille, Carmody.

BbI.3. A2. Geneva, Bibliothèque Publique Universitaire, fr. 160.
15 C. 1st redaction. Magnificently illuminated late manuscript, Cicero text is illuminated with scene of Parliament, fol. 130.  Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway. Veilliard further cites *Hippolyte Aubert, 'Notices sur les manuscrits Petau conservé à la bibliothèque de Genève (Fonds Ami Lullin)', Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des Chartes 72 (1911), 279-313, esp. 289-291; *'Les principaux manuscrits à peintures de la bibliothèque publique et universitaire de Genève', Societé française de recherches sur les manuscrits à peinture, 2.2 (1912), 77-79.

BbI.4. A3. Lyon, Bibliothèque Municipale 781.
13/14 C.
Italian scribe. 1st redaction. Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Fabio Zinelli (Ib) considering it Oltremer.

BbI.5. A4. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale fr. 9142.
15C. Very like fr 191 (Z2, BbI.75). 2nd redaction.
Miniatures. Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole (Ib), Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbI.6. A5. Lyon, Bibliothèque Municipale 948.
13/14 C. Arras association. Interlinear corrections. Miniatures, Brunetto Latino teaching, fol. 35. Italian scribe. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux 2.

BbI.7. A6. Arras, Bibliothèque Municipale 1060.
13 C. Second redaction, after 1268, indicating continued production of BL MSS in Arras region, following return from exile.
Magnificent miniatures. Best exemplar of many similar early MSS. Final leaves missing. Picard. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *Zéphir Caron, 'Notices et extraits de livres imprimés e manuscrits de la Bibliothèque de la ville d'Arras', Mémoires de l'Academie d'Arras, 28 (1855), 222-340, esp. 268-283.

BbI.8. B. Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal 2678.
15 C. Astronomical designs. Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

*BbI.9. B2. Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale 951.
15 C. Paper. Fols 146. 1st redaction. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami. Vielliard further cites *Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste, ed. Charles Samaran et Robert Marichal, VII. Oest de la France et pays de Loire, Paris, 1984, Notice sommaire, 'avant 1459? . . . d'une main réguliare . . . de Maistre Jehan Boscher, demourant en la ville de Chasteaugiron'.

BbI.10. B3. Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier 10228.
13 C. Picard. 2nd redaction. Magnificent Arras-like miniatures, fol. 6 king with courtiers, Brunetto at desk teaching students, again at fols. 89v, 140. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *La Libraire de Marguerite d'Autrice. Catalogue de l'exposition Europalia 87 Österreich Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier, Brussels, 1987, pp. 58-61, n° 17.

BbI.11. B4. Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier 10386.
15 C.
Miniature. 2nd redaction. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *La Libraire de Philippe le Bon. Catalogue de l'exposition organisée à l'occasion du 300e anniversaire de la mort du duc, Brussels, 1967, N° 96, p. 71.

BbI.12. B5. Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier 10547-48.
Colophon dates 1438. 2nd redaction. Carmody, D'Ancona (BgI),
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites *Manuscrits datés conservés en Belgique, II. 1401-1449, Manuscrits conservès à la bibliothèque royale Albert Ier Bruxelles, Brussels: Gand, 1972, N° 203, p. 56, pl. 390.

BbI.13. B6. Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier 11099-11100.
13 C. Picard.
Copied from B3. Carmody, D'Ancona, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.14. B7. Bergamo, Biblioteca Comunale, Cassa forte 2, formerly Gabinetto delta, Fila VIII.22.
2nd redaction. Grotesques mocking letter to Charles of Anjou, opening illumination, p. 1, Brunetto in red robe with red book, also p. 77, p. 110, blue robe, writing open book, grotesques throughout. Unknown to Carmody.
See Capasso (BgII). Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *Clovis Brunel, Bibliographie des manuscrits littéraires en ancien provençal, Paris, 1935, N° 284. I gave this, 1993, the sigla, IA.

BbI.15. C. Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal 2679.
15 C. 2nd redaction. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.16. C2. London, British Library, Additional 30024.
End 13 C. Fol. 91. 1st redaction. Exemplar for OE. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. Vielliard notes purchased at Sothebys, 1875, noted by *Hermann Varnhagen, 'Die handschriften Ewerbungen des British Museum auf dem Gebiete des Altromanischen in dem Jahren von 1865 bis Mitte 1877', ZRP 1 (1887), 541-555, esp. 548. Stones suggests provenance, southern France.

BbI.17. C3. Carpentras, Bibliothèque Municipale 269.
13/14 C. 1st redaction.
See Chabaille, p. xxxvi. Carmody,  Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones suggests from Perpignan, Roux 2. Miniature of Phyllis astride Aristotle.

BbI.18. C5. Chantilly, Musée Condé 288.
14 C. 1st redaction. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway..

BbI.19. C6. Chantilly, Musée Condé 289.
14 C, after 1394. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites *Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste, I, Musée Condé e Bibliothèque parisiennes, ed. Charles Samaran et Robert Marichal, Paris, 1959, p. 437, N° 12.

BbI.20. C7. Cambrai, Mediathèque Municipale 208.
15 C. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.21. D. Paris. Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal 2680.
15 C. Picard. 2nd redaction. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites *Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste, I, Musée Condé e Bibliothèque parisiennes, ed. Charles Samaran et Robert Marichal, Paris, 1959, Notice sommaire, p. 404, N° 107.

BbI.22. D2. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Douce 319.
13th C. Lucy Sandler dates 1300. Bolognan libraria. 1st redaction. Mappamundi in Arabic position, astronomical figures. Given by William Montague, Earl of Salisbury [see D4], to Thomas Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, according to inscription on manuscript readable by ultra-violet light, seized at the arrest and murder of Gloucester for his conspiracy against Richard II, Otto Pächt and J.J.G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford II. Italian School, Oxford 1970, p. 16. Chabaille, Carmody. Gentleman's Monthly Magazine, 1 June 1802, pp. 446-450, Mortara (BgIII, C.32), Sorio (C.34), Gaiter (C.44), M, Esposito (N), Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones suggests provenance is Acre, Sandler considering this unlikely, Roux 2. Pleshy under the Bohuns and Bolingbrokes had a major scriptorium for manuscript production, for which see Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Lichtenthal Psalter and the Manuscript Patronage of the Bohun Family (London: Harvey Miller, 2005).

BbI.23. D3. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ashmolean 1509.
Mid 14 C. 1st redaction.
Lucy Sandler notes is not a copy of D2, as it is made for a member of the Norfolk Gurney (Gourney, Gournay) family, since there is an angel with their coat of arms on the first page. Is like Ellesmere Chaucer. Mortara, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

*BbI.24. D4. Dunkerque, Bibliothèque Municipale 76.
14 C.
Miniatures. Presented to Dunkerque Lodge, initial one in France, by John, Duke of Montague [see D2], Grand Master of London Free Masons, 1721. Could it have been the now-lost Warwick Castle MS? See Julien l'Hermite, 'Le joyau de la bibliothèque de Dunkerque, un manuscrit du Trésor de Brunetto Latini', Mémoires de la Societé Dunkerquoise 40 (1904), 155-162; Lemaire (BgII), Pfister-Langannay (BgII) Was gift to library by the Spanish Consul when Masons sold it. Then destroyed by fire, 1929. Carmody claims he saw it, does not indicate its loss, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbI.25. E. Napoli, Biblioteca Nazionale I.G.17.
Fine early, 1st redaction, manuscript. Provenance, Biblioteca Farnese, Rome, then Parma in 17 C, Napoli in 18 C according to Miola (BgI). Was unknown to Chabaille, Carmody. Listed,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites François Fossier, Le Palais Farnèse. III.2. La Bibliothèque Farnèse. Etude des manuscrits latins et en langue vernaculaire. Ecole français de Rome, 1982, p. 91.

BbI.26. E2 Amiens, Bibliothèque Municipale 398.
14 C.
Picard. 2nd redaction. Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.27. F. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 12581.
1st redaction.
Written by Michel, 1284. North French (Arras?). Contains Walter Maps' Roman de Graal, Tresor, fols. 89-229v, account of fairs of Champagne, fols. 312-312v, mentioning those of Arras, Liège, Bar-sur-Aube, St Omer, St Quentin, Provence, etc., all places with Tresor MSS associations, provenance. Illuminations, fols. 90v, money chest, 13v, writer, 191, teacher. MS discussed by Segre-Amar, pp. 258, 261. Chabaille's base text, Carmody, Gathercole (Ib), Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones , Roux 2.

BbI.28. F2. Rennes, Bibliothèque Municipale 593.
1st redaction. Fols. 170-284. Chabaille, Carmody,
  Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones ascribes miniatures to Thomas de Mauberge, scribe, Robin Boutement, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste, VII, Oest de la France et pays de Loire, ed. Charles Samaran et Robert Marichal, Paris, 1984, Notice détaillés, p. 259, pl. LXXIV.

BbI.29. F3. Berne, Burgerbibliothek 646.
14 C. Chabaille, Carmody,
Minckwitz (BgII), Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites *Werner Ziltener, 'Der lapidaire de Philippe in der Berne Handschrift 646', Philologica Romanica. Erhard Lomatzsh . . . , München, 1975, pp. 412-440, esp. 412-413.

BbI.30. F4. Berne, Burgerbibliothek 98.
13/14 C. Two Tresor fragments interpolated into part of the Chronique dite de Baudouin d'Avesnes. Minckwitz (BgII),
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Jung (BgII

BbI.31. F5. Ferrara, Biblioteca Comunale Ariostea II.280.
Fine early 1st redaction MS, with tençione about Boniface, Charles of Anjou, Florence, Sicily, Kings of France and England, and Dante sonnet, 'Guido io vorra che tu e Lapo e io'.
Ends with Jerusalem pilgrimage: 'Cist sunt li santuarij li quelz home trove e le saint peleinaies doutre la mer'. Unknown to Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard. Bolton Holloway.

BbI.32. F6. Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum 20.
14 C. Selection of text. Miniatures. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones, with provenance of Tournai, Roux 2, with provenance of Hainault. Vielliard further cites *Paul Meyer, 'Notice sur un manuscrit français appartenant au Musée Fitzwilliam (Cambridge)', R 25 (1896), 542-561, esp. 556, N°6.

BbI.33. G. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 24254.
14 C. 1st redaction. Incomplete. Notarial, chancery script. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.34. H. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 19088.
1510. 1st redaction. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbI.35. I. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 19089.
14 C. 1st redaction. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.36. J. Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 19090.
14 C.
Bolognan libraria. 1st redaction. Incomplete. Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

*BbI.37. J1. Jena Universität-und Landesbibliothek El.f.90.
1390-1410. Roux 2.

BbI.38. K. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 566.
13 C.
Picard. 1st redaction. Magnificent miniatures. St Omer or, Judy Oliver says, Liège. Similar to L2, St Petersburg (C ) and Q2, Laurentian Ashburnham 125 MSS. Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami (who notes it has Egidius Romanus, De regimine principum III), Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux 2.

BbI.39. K2. Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbiblothek 391. °Microfilm.
Delightful miniatures. Carmody, 
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones, from Toulouse, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *Ferdinand Lamey, Die Handschriften der Badischen Landesbibliothek in Karlsruhe. Beilage II. 1. Romanische Handschriften, Karlsruhe, 1894; *Neudruck mit bibliographischen Nachträgen, Wiesbaden, 1974, pp. 8-22.

BbI.40. L. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 567.
13 C. Picard. 2nd redaction. Miniatures, Thérouanne, St Omer region. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux 1,2.

BbI.41. L2. St Petersburg, National Library.
C. 1300. Numerous miniatures. Like Q2, K. Thérouanne provenance. Carmody, Constantinowa (Ib), Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Stones, Roux 1,2. See also C.97, Ib, for °Facsimile and companion volume with essays. Vielliard further cites *Edith Brayer, 'Manuscrits français du moyen âge conservés à Léningrad', Bulletin de l'Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes 7 (1959), pp. 23-31, esp. 25.

*BbI.42. L3. London, British Library, Royal 17.E.1.
15 C. Brayer, Vielliard. Vielliard cites *Sir George Warner and Julius P. Gilson, British Museum. Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and the King's Collections, vol. II, London, 1921, p. 258, noting this MS was formerly Chabaille's C2, Carmody mistaking the reference for Add. 30024. Roux 2.

BbI.43. L6. London, British Library, Yates Thompson 19.
13 C. Formerly Ashburnham. North east France, Thérouanne. Magnificently illuminated, especially bestiary section. Fols. 3, 31v, 87, master teaching students, 23, Emperor in chain mail with eagle and lilies kneeling before Pope. Fol. 152 rubricates 'Al home de grant vaillance et de renomee. Mon signor K. comte de ango et de provence' [Charles of Anjou and Provence]. Unknown to Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard. See Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux, 1,2 (who gave it siglum YT, then changed it to L6).

BbI.44. M. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 568.
15 C.
1st redaction. Miniatures. Owned, Duke de Berry. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. See Farinelli (M), p. 217.

BbI.45. M2. New York, Columbia University, Butler Library, Plimpton 281. °Microfilm.
1400.
Morbio (E ). Carmody presumed this was at Yale, De Ricci, #280, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Beltrami, Roux 2.

See also: New York, Columbia University, Butler Library, Plimpton 280. °Photocopy.
Fragment of four detached leaves. Same initials, particularly 'L's, as in English MS of Tresor, Christopher de Hamel.

BbI.46. M3. Madrid, Escorial L.II.3. °Microfilm.
13 C. 2nd redaction.
Miniatures. See C . García de la Fuente (BgII ), Carmody, Faulhaber (BgIV ), Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Baldwin (C.86), base text, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *Catàlogo de los manuscritos franceses y provenzales de la Biblioteca de el Escorial, ed. Garcia de la Fuente, Madrid, 1933, pp. 33-34.

BbI.47. N. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 570.
13 C. 1st redaction. French illuminations, Bolognan libraria, Exemplar for M (BbI.44). Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 1,2.

*Bbl.48. N2. Pierpont Morgan Library, M.814.
1300-1325. Later grisaille marginal drawings to Bestiary. Beltrami, Roux 2.

BbI.49. O. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale 569.
15 C. 1st redaction. Owned, Duke de Berry. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbI.50. P. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale fr 571.
13 C. Picard. 2nd redaction. French miniatures, Italian script. Thérouanne provenance, Valenciennes association. Includes Roman de Fauvel. L.F. Sandler, Gothic MSS 1285-1385, London, 1896, N. 96, and Segre-Amar (BgII) give as English. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Michael (BgII), Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *François Avril, Patricia Danz Stirnemann, Bibliothèque nationale, Département des manuscrits. Manuscrits enluminés d'origine insulaire, VIIe-XXe siècle, Paris, 1987, pp. 149-152, N°187, pl. M. LXXV, LXXVI, LXXVII, LXVIII. Michael notes political context of manuscruipt that of marriage of Philippa of Hainault to Edward III.

BbI.51. P2. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv acq., fr. 10261.
14 C. Picard. 1st redaction. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.52. P3. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq., fr. 21012.
15 C. 1st redaction. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway.

[BbI.53. P4. Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, 5258.
I believe Carmody's P4, Arsenal 5258, should be excluded from the stemma as it only a reference to Tresor]

*BbI.54. P5. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 17115.
14 C. Extracts. Brayer, Vielliard, citing *Marguerite Oswald, 'Les enseignement Seneque', R 90 (1969), pp. 33-34. Roux 2.

BbI.55. Q. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 573.
15 C. 2nd redaction. Miniatures. Chabaille, Carmody, Sorio, Gaiter (C.44), Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 1,2. Vielliard further cites Ronald N. Walpole, The Old French Johannes Translation of the Pseudo-Turpin Chronicle. A Critical Edition, Supplement, Berkeley, 1976, pp. 319-336, 1 pl.

BbI.56. Q2. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Ashburnham 125. °Microfilm
14 C. Picard. 2nd redaction.
Thérouanne provenance. Like L2, K. Carmody, Bertelli (BgIII ), Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones, Roux 1,2.

BbI. 57. R. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 726.
End 13 C. Italian scribe. 1st redaction. Faits des Romans (text stating this compiled from Sallust, Suetonius, Caesar) and Tresor. Miniatures, Caesar crowned, given book, repeated with crowned king given book for Tresor, Brunetto teaching four students. Fauriel (E), Chabaille, Carmody, Langlois (G8), Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Segre-Amar, p. 258, Roux 2. Paul Meyer, Romania, 14 (1885), 23-26, suggested Brunetto could have been the author/translator of Faits des Romains. It is of interest that these texts also exist in Italian in Italian manuscripts as Fatti dei Romani, but which Sergio Marroni (F) dates as earlier than BL. This material explains Dante's use of Catiline and Fiesole in Inferno XV.

BbI.58. R2. Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. 6591.
15 C. Colophon notes MS written and illuminated in Paris by Pierre de Lormel.
Miniatures. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbI.59. R3. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Regin. lat. 1320.
14 C. Picard. 1st redaction. Fine miniatures, by three artists, one Franco-Flemish, two Italian, annotated in French and Italian, mixture of French and Florentine styles throughout many illuminations of BL teaching. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Torri (C.93, BgII), Stones, who places it in Ghent-Bruges area, Roux 1,2.

BbI.60. R4. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Regin. lat. 1514.
15 C. Only second part of Tresor, fol. 34, Jean de Berry's translation of 'IIII vertus', fol. 42v. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.61. R5. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, lat. 3203. °Microfilm
13/14 C. 2nd redaction. Excellent Arras-like miniatures, fols. 1, writer and king, 8v, 19, 22v, pope and king, 31v, 39, 42v, 51v, 60, 60v, writer and recipient, 73v, 90v, 102, king and teacher, 108v, 120, 134v, writing figure, 137. With Petrarch's annotations, according to °Bibliotheca Spenceriana, IV.70. Owned Cardinal Bembo, who bought it in Gascony. Similar to A6, B3, S, T. This is Chabaille's E, which Carmody lists twice, as E, as R5. Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Torri, Stones, Roux 1,2. [I exclude Carmody's R6, a fragmentary copy of R5.]

BbI.62. S. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 1109.
Colophon dates 1310. Picard. 2nd redaction. French miniatures, teaching scenes, Bolognan libraria, Arras connection, fol. 311 'Adam le Bocu d'Arras' [Adam de la Hall]. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Segre-Amar, p. 258, Stones, who ascribes to Master of the Psalter-Hours of Arras, Roux 2.

BbI.63. S2. Saint Omer, Bibliothèque Municipale, 68.
15/16 C fragment in 14 C compilation, verses on Aristotle. Picard. Chabaille, p. xxxvi, correctly gives it as at Saint Omer; Carmody erred in giving this as at Saint Oen,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.64. T. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 1110.
End 13 C. 2nd redaction. Arras-like miniatures, fols. 1, teaching figure, 13, 38, 206. Bolognan libraria. From Pavian library of Giangaleazzo Visconti. See A. Thomas (BgII); Carmody, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Segre-Amar, pp. 258, 260, Stones, Roux 2. Carmody base text. Facsimile published MLA, 1936 (C.61). 

BbI.65. T2. Torino, Biblioteca Nazionale, L.II.18.
13 C. Damaged in 1904 fire, but an excellent manuscript, Italian capitals, French illuminations. Miniatures, fols. 1, 21v, 42v, 52, 65, 74v, Brunetto teaching two students, 101, 150v, 192, illumination of king. Provençal poem at end of MS, 'Amors m'a fach novelamen asire'. Carmody,
 Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones, who ascribes miniatures to Hospitaller Master, and dates c. 1275 and 1291, Roux 1,2.

BbI.66. T3. Torino, Biblioteca Nazionale, L.III.13.
13 C. Much more fire-damaged. French. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. [Carmody's fragment T4, Torino, Biblioteca Nazionale (Pasinus Gal 140), destroyed in this fire, 1904. Had contained end of Tresor, III. fols. 1-27.]

BbI.67. U. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 1111.
15 C. 1st/2nd redaction. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. Fascimile publ. MLA, 1934 (C.59).

BbI.68. U2. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 1112.
15 C. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.69. V. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 1113.
End 13 C. Bolognan libraria. 1st redaction. Miniatures, fol. 3, presenting book to king, 100v, Aristotle with book, 148, king figure. Segre-Amar believes this manuscript from Italy. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. Facsimile publ. MLA, 1934 (C.60).

BbI.70. V2. Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare DVIII. °Microfilm
Picard. 1st redaction. Diplomatic presentation volume involving a relative of the Doge of Venice, Giovanni Dandolo (1280-1289), and presentation letter. (Francesco da Barberino involved with Doge Giovanni Soranzo, 1312-1328, at court of Avignon, LaII.18). Italian style illuminations to French MS of Brunetto in red robe teaching from lectern to three students, Emperor in red, blue, ermine, on throne. Bound with Dandolo arms and winged lion of St Mark with Book. Morbio, 
Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2. Beltrami's edition based on this MS, to which he gives the siglum V2. I earlier gave it siglum of EE.

BbI.71. W. Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, 3871.
Muddled Tresor, followed by Jean de Meun, Testament. Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites *Silvia Buzzetti Gallarati, 'Nota bibliografica sulla tradizione manoscritta del Testament de Jean de Meun', Revue Romane 13.1 (1978), 2-35.

BbI.72. X. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 1114.
End 15 C. Incomplete. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.73. Y. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 2024.
End 13 C.
Bolognan libraria. 1st redaction. Related to A (BbI). Miniatures, fols. 77v, 110, 147, 207, 213v, 292v, including many teaching scenes. Has Tesoretto-like Italian verses 'Lo bianco co lo bruno', end of MS. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Segre-Amar, p. 258, says French or Outremer, Roux 2.

BbI.74. Z. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 2025.
15 C. Fauriel, Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.75. Z2. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 191.
15 C. Picard. 2nd redaction.
Same scribe as A4 (BbI ). Owned, Humphrey of Gloucester or Henry V. Jehan du Quesne ascription. Illuminations of author presenting book to king, of popes and cardinals, of building a city, of cannons being fired. Chabaille, p. xxxv, Carmody, p. liv, n. 1, Gathercole, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbI.76. Z3. Saint Quentin, Bibliothèque Municipale, 109.
Picard. 2nd redaction. Similar to D3. Jehan du Quesne of Lille ascription. Owned, 'Margaret of England'. Though notes on manuscript say 'Cette copie a appertenu à Marguerite d'Anjou femme de Henri IV Roi d'Angleterre', Claudine Lemaire, 'Quatre fermoire de reliure armoiriés d'origine laique provenant des Pays Bas méridionaux datant du XVe siècle', Le livre e l'estampe 29 (1983), 7-16, identifies arms as of Margaret of Bourgogne, Duchess of York, 1446-1503, sister of Edward IV of England, wife of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

[BbI.77. Z4. Strasbourg, Bibliothèque de l'Universitaire 519.
15 C. Picard. Pastedown fragment. Lauchert (BgII), Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Jung (BgII), instead, identifies it as fragment of the Rifacimento made by the Chronique dite de Baudouin d'Avesnes and not a Tresor.]

BbI.78. AE. Paris, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève 2203. 
15 C. 2nd redaction. Chabaille, Carmody,
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.79. OE. London, British Library, Addit. 30025.
14 C. 1st redaction. Lavishly illuminated, fols. 6, Brunetto teaching at desk, 42, 52, 65, 72v, Aristotle in turban seated on floor teaching from a book with Arabic script, 99v, 148. Incomplete. Copied from C2, British Library, Addit. 30024. Chabaille, Carmody, Brayer, Vielliard, Beltrami, Bolton Holloway, Stones, from southern France, Roux 2. Vielliard further cites *Hermann Varnhagen, 'Die handschriften Ewerbungen des British Museum auf dem Gebiete des Altromanischen in dem Jahren von 1865 bis Mitte 1877', ZRP 1 (1887), 541-555, esp. 548.

BbI.80. EU. London, British Library, Royal 19 C X.
Fine unilluminated Tresor.
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.81. IE. New York, Pierpont Morgan Library 814. °Microfilm.
14 C. Picard. Miniatures of Brunetto writing and bestiary material. Vielliard, Bolton Holloway, Stones, possibly Arras. Vielliard further cites The Pierpont Morgan Library. Review of the Activities and Major Acquisitions of the Library 1947-1948, with a Memoir of John Pierpont Morgan, New York, 1949, p. 41; Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, cont. and ed. W.H. Bond, New York, 1962, p. 359. De Ricci, Supplement, p. 359.

BbI.82. UE. New York, Columbia University, Butler Library, Plimpton 280.
1300. Text is southern French, Italian-like dialect. 4 leaves. Contains account of exile. Bought by George Plimpton. Not seen by Carmody.  De Ricci, #281, Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway.

BbI.83. EA. Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana S79 sup. °Microfilm
Fols. 251-266v. Late. Fine discussion of diplomacy, embassies, function of secretary to popes and kings. Copied from Venetian Dandolo manuscript (either V2/EE, Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare, BbI.70, or R5, Vaticano, lat. 3203, BbI.61). Cardinal Bembo association.
Morbio (E), Bolton Holloway. Mentioned, not seen, Carmody.

BbI.84. EE. Modena, Biblioteca Estense E.5=α.P.G.1.
14 C. Picard. Fols. 130-164, Ethica and Politica in Somme le Roy. Speaks of goverment as not by comune but by a king. Unknown to Carmody. See Camus (BgII), Ruggieri (Jb),
Brayer, Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Vielliard further cites *Ernstpeter Ruhe, 'Les Proverbes Seneke le Philosophe', Beiträge zur romanischen Philologie des Mittelalters 5 (1969), 26. I earlier gave this siglum of OO.

*BbI.85. UU. Udine, Archivio di Stato. °Microfilm
Early 14 C. Written in Italian hand. French notes in margin. Fragment of 31 fols. In possession of notaries. Brunetto's student, Francesco da Barberino had been in Treviso as notary to Corso Donati, podestà. Unknown to Carmody. Bolton Holloway. See Scalon (BgII).

BbI.86. Sotheby's Monaco Catalogue, 1987, pp. 268-269, listing 15 C paper MS, Breton? Perhaps related to F2 (BbI.28).
Vielliard, Bolton Holloway. Jean Luc Deuffic further indicates the Schoenberg Data Base of Manuscripts: http://dewey.library.upenn.edu/sceti/sdm/sdm_salesrecord.cfm?ID=%2011748

BbI.87. London, Christopher de Hamel.
13 C. English MS. Contains account of exile. Four leaves, similar to UE, AbI  . Bolton Holloway

*BbI.88. London, British Library, Royal 19.B.10.
15 C. Fragment of Tresor II. Brayer, Vielliard, citing
*Sir George Warner and Julius P. Gilson, British Museum. Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and the King's Collections, vol. II, London, 1921, p. 327.

*BbI.89. Chieri, Archivio Comunale.
Fragment. Vielliard, citing *Alessandro Vitale-Brovorone, 'Un nuovo frammento del Romanz d'Athis et Prophilias', Atti della Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, 3 (1976-1977), pp. 331-336.

*BbI.90. Barcelona, Arxiu Diocesà de Barcelona.
13 C. Fragment, Tresor II. Vielliard.

*BbI.91. Monza, Biblioteca Capitolare. Fragment of Tresor.
*G.Giannini, 'Un estratto inedito del "Tresor". Romania. Cited in
A scuola con Ser Brunetto, ed. Maffia Scariatti (Db.4.), p. 35.

Of these MSS, D2, D4, F5, T2, Y, have possible Outremer connections.



The Illustrations of Brunetto Latini's Trésor Manuscript to c. 1320

© Alison Stones

 

Brunetto Latini,[1] Le Trésor[2]

P. Chabaille, Li livres dou Tresor, Paris, 1863 (based on Paris, BNF fr. 12581, MS F, with variants).  Few illustrations, therefore omitted here.  The Brunetto Latini section written by 'Michael nomine felix' in 1284.[3]

F.J. Carmody, ed. Brunetto Latini, Le Trésor, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1948 (based on Paris, BNF fr. 1110, MS T), supplemented by Chantilly, Musée Condé 288, MS C5, first redaction).

 

Chapter Headings            Manuscripts and sigla after Carmody

from Carmody

Paris BNF

fr. 1110[4]

MS T

Brussels BR 10228[5]

MS B3

Vatican BAV

lat. 3203[6]

MS R5

Arras BM

182(1060)[7]

MS A6

St Petersburg

Fr. F. v. I, 4[8]

MS L2

London BL

YT 19[9]

no siglum

Paris BNF

fr. 567[10]

MS L

Florence

Laur.Ash.

125, ff. i-xii,

1-120 (6-139)[11]

MS Q2

Rennes BM 593, ff. 170-284[12]

(written 1303-04)

MS F2

Paris BNF

fr. 1109, ff. 1-4,  8-143[13]

(written 1310)

MS S

Lyon BM

948, ff. 3-93v[14]

MS A5

 

Paris

BNF fr. 566[15]

MS K

Vatican

Reg.lat.

1320[16]

First redaction

MS R3

Table of Contents

 

1-5

 iv verso-vii

--

i-iv

 i-ii

i-iii

 i-xii

 

1-4

(4v-7v blank)

--

 

1-4v

Book I, Preface[17]

1

6

1

1

5

3

1

1

170

8

3

10

5 (French)

Chapter 6.  Coment Dieus fist toutes coses au commencement.[18]

--

--

--

4v

7

5

3

2v

--

--

--

--

7

(Italian-a)

Chapter 19.   Coment roi furent premierement.[19]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

5v

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 21.  Des coses ki furent au II.  aage.[20]

13

13v

8v

7

11

10

7, 7v

6

--

--

--

18, 18v

11v

(Italian-a)

Chapter 25.  Des gens ki furent au III.  aage.[21]

18v

--

--

--

--

--

12

7

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 26.  De Romulus et des romains. [22]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

20

--

Chapter 30.  Dou regne des femes.[23]

--

--

--

--

13v

--

--

8

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 38.  Coment Jules Cesar fu premier roi de Rome.[24]

 

--

--

--

9

--

13

--

9v

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 39.  Des rois de France.[25]

--

--

--

--

15

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 41.  Des coses dou IV.  aage.[26]

--

--

--

11

--

--

--

10v

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 42.[27]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

26

--

Chapter 43.[28]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

26

--

Chapter 44.[29]  De David ki fu roi des profetes.

18v

--

--

12

16v

--

--

--

--

--

--

26v

--

Chapters 45, 46, 47.[30] Dou roi Salemon son fil. Helias. Elyseus.

--

--

--

--

17

--

--

--

--

--

--

27, 27v

--

Chapters 48, 49, 50. Ysias, Jeremie, Ezechiel.

--

--

--

--

17v

--

--

--

--

--

--

28, 28v

--

Chapters 51-55.  Daniel, Achias, Jagdo, Tobias, iii enfans profetes.

--

--

--

--

18

--

--

--

--

--

--

28v, 29

--

Chapters 56-59.  Esdras, Zorobabel, Hester, Judith.

--

--

--

--

18v

--

--

--

--

--

--

29

--

Chapters 60-61.  Zacharias, Machebeus.

--

--

--

--

19

--

--

--

--

--

--

29v

--

Chapter 62.[31]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

29v

--

Chapter 63.[32]  Nouvel loi.

 

--

--

--

--

19

18

15

12v

--

--

--

29v

19v (Italian-a)

Chapter 64.  De la parente la mere Dieu.[33] 

 

--

23

19

14v

19v

18v

15v

15

--

--

--

30v

20 (French)

Chapters 65-7.[34]  De Nostre Dame Sainte Marie, S. Jehan Baptiste, S. Jake Alphei

--

--

--

--

20

--

--

--

--

--

--

31

--

Chapters 68-70.  S. Jude, S. Jehan Evangeliste, S. Jakeme Zebedei.

--

--

--

--

20v

--

--

--

--

--

--

31, 31v

--

Chapters 71-73.  S. Piere, S. Pol, S. Andrieu.

--

--

--

--

21

--

--

--

--

--

--

32, 32v

--

Chapters 74-79.  SS. Phelippe, Thumas, Bartholemeu, Mathieu, Mathias, Luc.

--

--

--

--

21v

21v

--

--

--

--

--

32v

--

Chapters 80-84.  SS. Symon, Marc, Barnabe, Tymothe, Thithus.

--

--

--

--

22

--

--

--

--

--

--

33, 33v

--

Chapter 85.[35]

Chi fenist les noviaustes.

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

33v

--

Chapter 86.  Coment loys fu comenchie.[36]

--

--

--

--

22v

21v

18

--

--

--

--

34

23

(Italian-a)

Chapter 88.[37]  Coment eglise essaucha.

--

--

22v

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

36, 37v

--

Chapter 89.[38]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

16

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 90.[39]  Coment li empereor de Rome revient as Ytaliens.

--

26

--

18

24

23

20

--

--

--

--

38v

24v (Italian-a)

Chapter 93.[40]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

41

--

Chapter 95.[41]  De la hautece Frederik.

--

--

--

21v

--

--

--

16v

--

--

--

41

--

Chapter 96.[42]  De l’empereor et del pape Innocens

--

 

--

--

26v

26

22v

--

--

--

--

--

27v (Italian-a)

Chapter 98. [43]  Coment et por coi l’empereor fu desposes Manfred.

--

--

--

--

27v

27

23v

--

--

--

--

--

28v (French)

Chapter 99.  La nature est chose establi par iiii complexions.[44]

28v

--

--

22v

28v

28

24v

19

--

--

--

--

29v (Italian-a)

Chapter 100.[45]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

45

--

Chapter 104.[46]  Del  mondes reondes et des iii elemens

--

34v

31v

24

30v

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 105.[47]  De la nature de l’eve.

 

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

20

--

--

--

45v

--

Chapter 106.[48]  De l’aire et de la pluie.

--

--

--

--

31v

31v

28

--

--

--

--

46v

33

(Italian-a)

Chapter 110. [49]  Del firmament et des planetes.

--

41v

39

28

--

--

--

23

--

--

--

48 (2), 48v, 49v, 52, 52v

--

Chapter 121. [50] Li mapemonde.

38v

44v

42v

31

38v

40

36

27v

193

--

--

56v

40

(Italian-a)

Chapter XXX[51]

Comment lon ki est sage doit entretenir terre gaignable.

--

--

--

35

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 130, [52] 131.  poissons, anguille, echinus, corcorel.

45v

53

51v

37v

46

48v

--

--

--

--

--

66, 66v

49-49v

(Italian-b)

Chapters 132-4.  cete, coquille, delfin.

--

--

--

--

46v

49v-50

--

--

--

--

--

67, 67v

49v (Italian-b)

Chapters 135-6.  ypotamie, sieraine.

--

--

--

--

47

50

--

--

--

--

--

68

50-50v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 137.  serpens.[53]

--

--

--

--

47v

50

--

--

202

--

--

68

51

(Italian-b)

Chapters 138-41.  aspide, anfemeine, basilike, dragon.

--

--

--

--

48

51v

--

--

--

--

--

69, 69v

51v-52

(Italian-b)

Chapters 142-4.  scitalis, vipre, lisarde.

--

--

--

--

48v

52

--

--

--

--

--

69v, 70

52v

(Italian-b)

Chapter145-6.  aigle, ostoire.

--

--

--

--

49

52v, 53

--

--

--

--

--

70v

53

(Italian-b)

Chapter 148.  esperviers.

--

--

--

--

50

53v

--

--

--

--

--

71, 72

54

(Italian-b)

Chapters 149,150.  faucons, esmerillons.

--

--

--

--

50v

54v

--

--

--

--

--

72v, 73

55

(Italian-b)

Chapters 151-4.  alcion, ardea, anes et oes, besenes.

--

--

--

--

52

55

--

--

--

--

--

73, 73v

55-55v

(Italian-b)

Chapters 155-68.[54]  calandre, peredrix, papegal.

--

--

--

--

52

56

--

--

--

--

--

74-77v

56v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 169.  paon.

--

--

--

--

52

56v

--

--

--

--

--

77v

57

(Italian-b)

Chapters 170-3.  tortrele, ostrisse, co.

--

--

--

--

52v

56v, 57

--

--

--

--

--

78v

57

(Italian-b)

Chapter 174.  lion.[55]

--

--

60

--

53

57

51

--

205

--

--

78v

57v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 175.  anteled.

--

--

--

--

53v

58

--

--

--

--

--

79v

58v

(Italian-b)

Chapters 176-7.  asnes, bues.

--

--

--

--

54

58, 58v

--

--

--

--

--

80, 80v

58v, 59

(Italian-b)

Chapters 178-80.  brebis, belotes, chamel.

--

--

--

--

54v

59

--

--

--

--

--

81

59-59v

(Italian-b)

Chapters 181-3.  castbre, chevriers, cers.

--

--

--

--

55

59v, 60

--

--

--

--

--

81v

60

(Italian-b)

Chapter 184.  chiens.

--

--

--

--

55v

60v

--

--

--

--

--

82

60v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 185.  camelion.

--

--

--

--

56

61

--

--

--

--

--

83v

61v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 186.  chevaus.

--

--

--

--

56v

61v

--

--

--

--

--

83v

61v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 187.  olifans

--

--

--

--

57

62v

--

--

--

--

--

84

62v

(Italian-b)

Chapter 188.  formis.

 

--

--

--

--

57v

63

--

--

--

--

--

85

63

(Italian-b)

Chapters 189-90.  yena, loup.

--

--

--

--

58

63, 63v

--

--

--

--

--

85, 85v

63, 63v

(Italian-b)

Chapters 191-4.  lucrote, manticore, pantere, parandes

--

--

--

--

58v

64

--

--

--

--

--

86, 86v

63v, 64

(Italian-b)

Chapters 195-6.[56]  singes, tigres.

--

--

--

--

59

64v

--

--

--

--

--

86v

64, 64v

(Italian-a)

Book 2, Chapter 1. [57]  Des vices et des vertus.

58

67v

66v

48

59

65

57

44

210

57v

35

89

64v

(French)

Chapter 28. [58]

Ci parole de justice

66

--

73v

55

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 49.[59]

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

116

--

Chapter 50. [60] Li livres de moralités...les enseignement des vices et des vertus.

77

89

--

64v

77

88

77v

60

225v

--

47

--

85

(Italian-a)

Chapter 68. [61] De conoissance.

--

--

--

--

78v

--

86v

--

--

--

--

--

94v

(French)

Chapter XXX.[62]

Chi dist de forces.

--

105

108v

78

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 95. [63] Les enseignements de doner.

97v

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 98. [64] De religion.

100v

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Chapter 115. [65]  Des biens de fortune.

106

121

126

91

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Book 3, Chapter 1. [66]  De bone parleure.

113v

128

134v

97

110v

119v

114v

88

--

106v

68v

165

123v

(French)

Chapter 2. [67]

De retorike.

--

140

missing

--

--

--

--

--

252v

--

--

--

--

Chapter  73. [68]

Dou governement de cités.

--

151v

137

--

--

--

--

--

274v

--

--

--

--



[1] Brunetto di Bonaccorso Latini was born c. 1220, son of Bonnacursus Latini de Lastra, judge of the Empire and notary, who made his will in 1280. Brunetto began his own career as a notary c. 1254, and was sent to Spain in February 1260 by the commune of Florence to ask for help against Manfred. In 1263 he was in France acting as notary in the Italian communities at Arras, Paris, and in 1264 at Bar-sur-Aube. Three works were written in France: the Trésor, the Tesoretto, and the Rettorica, all of which mention a rich Italian patron.  In 1266 Brunetto was back in Florence, and is documented in various official roles in the Florentine commune up to his death in 1294.  He was buried at Santa Maria Maggiore.  See HLF XX 276-304, and for the manuscript tradition: A. Constantinowa, 'Li Trésors of Brunetto Latini,' Art Bulletin 19, 1937, 203-19; J.B. Holloway, Brunetto Latini: An analytic bibliography (Research Bibliographies and Checklists 44) London, 1986; P.G. Beltrami, 'Per il test del Trésor: appunti sull'edizione di F.J. Carmody,' Annali della Scuola normale superiore di Pisa 18, 1988, 961-1009; P. Torri, 'Sulla tradizione manoscritta del Trésor: i codici Vat. lat. 3203 e Vat. Reg. 1320,' Rivista di Letteratura italiana 10, 1992, 256-79.

[2] The manuscripts considered here fall into three groups, two of them close-knit stylistically, the third a miscellaneous group. The first group, datable c. 1275-85, is locatable in Douai (dioc. of Arras): T, Paris, BNF fr. 1110; B3, Brussels, BR 10228; R5, Vatican lat. 3203; A6, Arras BM182(1060). These manuscripts are associated with two Douai manuscripts, the martyrology of Notre-Dame-des-Prés, O. Cist., Valenciennes BM 838 and the psalter-hours of Saint-Amé, OSB, Brussels, BR 9391, both dating c. 1280 (Cat. $$, $$); other secular books by this artist include two copies of the Estoire del saint Graal, Le Mans MM 345 (Cat. $$), and Paris, BNF fr. 770; the Agravain, Queste, Mort Artu, Oxford, Bodl. Digby 223; a Prophecies de Merlin, London, BL Harley 1629; two copies of Marques de Rome, Cambridge, Fitz. McClean 179 and Paris, Ars. 3355; and a chronicle miscellany, Paris, BNF fr. 12203.  The severely damaged lectionary in St Petersburg is also part of this group, and other manuscripts may also be tangentially linked, including the Agravain, Queste, Mort Artu, Paris, BNF fr. 342, written by a female scribe in 1274 (see Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, ch. 3, 148-64, 190-206; ead. Illustrated Chrétien, 1993, 235-36; a few of these are discussed in A. Bräm, 'Ein Buchmalereiatelier in Arras um 1274,' Wallraf-Richartz Jahrbuch, 55, 1993, 77-104 at 86-87, including MSS T, B3 and A6, but not R5). The scribe of Le Mans 354, Walterus de Kayo, also copied and signed the unillustrated Image du monde, Paris, BNF fr. 14692, in 1282 (Nixon, cited in Stones, 1993). The second group is datable c. 1290-1300 and associated with Thérouanne. Manuscripts of Brunetto Latini group 2 are: L2, St Petersburg; no siglum, London YT 19; L, Paris, BNF fr. 567 and Q2, Florence, Lauar.Ash.125. These are stylistically linked to the psalter-hours of Thérouanne, Paris, BNF fr. 1076 and Marseille BM 111 and related manuscripts. Other related secular manuscripts of this group (in which several hands may be distinguished, cf. the three artists of Florence, Laur. Ash. 125), are the Lancelot-Grail Paris, BNF fr. 95 and New Haven, Yale 229, the Guillaume de Tyr, Paris, BNF fr. 2754, and the Chronique de l'anonyme de Béthune, Paris, BNF n.a.fr. 6295; see Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, ch. 4; ead., BN fr 95 and Yale 229, 1996, 206-83; and, for Florence, ead., 'The Illustrations of the Pseudo-Turpin in the Johannes translation, Florence, Laurenziana, Ashburnham 125, and the Chronique de l'anonyme de Béthune, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, n.a.fr. 6295,' O Pseudo-Turpin, ed. K. Herbers, Santiago de Compostela (forthcoming).  The other manuscripts cluster more loosely: S, Paris, BNF fr. 1109 and A5, Lyon BM 948, are both associated with Arras, but by different artists: BNF fr. 1109 (written in 1310) by the Master of lat. 1328, and Lyon 948 by the Maître au menton fuyant. MS F2, Rennes, BM 593, is Parisian and was illustrated by the Thomas de Maubeuge painter and written in 1303 ad 1304 by Robin Boutemont (see also Table of Sidrach Manuscripts). MS K, Paris, BNF fr. 566, attributed by Oliver, Liège,1988, I, 187-89, to Liège, is also stylistically close to the Thomas de Cantimpré of 1295, Berlin, SB Ham. 114 and to the Lancelot-Grail manuscripts London, BL Add. 10292-4, Royal 14.E. III and Amsterdam, BPH 1/ Oxford, Bodl. Douce 215/Manchester, Rylands fr. 1, dating c. 1315-25, which were made in the region of Saint-Omer or Ghent.  MS R3, Vat. Reg. lat. 1320, is by three artists, one Franco-Flemish, associated with Gent-Bruges production of the 1320s, and the other two Italian (designated a and b). For further references by manuscript, see below. All these belong to the first redaction except MSS K and R3; but see Beltrami and Torri for modifications of Carmody's analysis, and Torri shows that R3's erroneous readings frequently group with Q2.

[3] The manuscript is a literary miscellany, vii+429+iv ff. 300x220 (205x155), 2 cols. 38 lines. Queste del saint Graal (ff. 1-88); Brunetto Latini, Trésor (ff. 89-229v); Chansons (f. 230-232v); Gospels in French (ff. 233-320), see Sneddon, 1978,195; Lucidaire (ff. 321-375v); Moralitez (ff. 376-407); Discipline clericale (ff. 408-429). The scribe 'Michel de nomine felix' copied ff. ff. 1-232, 297-320, 356v, signing and dating the Brunetto Latini section on f. 299v; a second scribe copied ff. ff. 233-296, 321-356v. Changes of hand occur within a quire and within a text. There is a total of 12 illustrations, most in Queste del saint Graal, difficult to place stylistically and unrelated to any of the manuscripts tabulated here; the manuscript has been attributed to Champagne (see Sneddon for references).

[4] The 'MS de base' of Carmody's edition. 155 ff., 350 x 220, 2 cols., 39 lines. A note on f. 1 indicates ownership by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan (see E. Pellegrin, La Bibliothèque des Visconti et des Sforza, Paris, 1955, 126 (A233)); Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71,148-64; Bräm, 1993, 86-87.

[5] 176 ff., 280 x 215, 2 cols., 40 lines. Vitzthum, 1907, 123; Gaspar and Lyna, 1939, I, 174, no. 73; Randall, Images, 1966, fig. 71 (f. 6; bandyball, duck); Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 148-64, 414; Bräm, 1993, 86-87.

[6] VII+151 ff., 307 x 222, 2 cols., 40 lines. E. Langlois, Notices des manuscrits français et provençaux de Rome antérieurs au XVIe siècle,' Notices et extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque nationale et autres bibliothèques, 33, ii, 1889, 1-347 at 251-52; Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 145, 158, 159, 190-206, 414; P. Torri, 'Sulla tradizione manoscritta del "Tresor": i codici Vat. lat. 3203 e Vat. reg. 1320,' Rivista di letteratura italiana, 10, 1992, 255-79.

[7] 131 ff., 2 columns, 39 lines.  Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 145-60, 190-206, 415-16; Bräm, 1993, 86-87.

[8] A. de Laborde, Les principaux manuscrits à peintures conservés dans l'ancienne Bibliothèque impériale de Saint-Petersbourg, 2 vols., Paris, 1937-38, PAGES; .Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 184, 187,190-206, 443, 444; I. Mokretsova, facsimile.

[9] Catalogue of One Hundred Manuscripts in the Library of Henry Yates Thompson, Cambridge, 1908; II, 74; Illustrations from One Hundred Manuscripts in the Library of Henry Yates Thompson, 7 vols., London, 1907-18, VII, pl. LXIII-LXIX; Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 165-72, 190-206, 443-45. 

[10] III+158 ff., 345x240 (234x152), 2 cols. 41 lines. Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, ch. 4, 165, 190-206; R. Hasler, 'Die Miniaturen des Breviculums,' in Stamm et al., 1988, 48 and n. 101, ill. 23.  Album de manuscrits français du XIIIe siècle: Mise en page et mise en texte, ed. M. Careri et al., (CNRS, IRHT), Rome, 2001, 207-10, no. 52, by F. Fery Hue.

[11] iii+1+266+2+ii ff., 335x230 (220x155), 2 cols., 40 lines. The Trésor is followed by the Johannes version of the Pseudo-Turpin Chronicle (ff. 121-136/140-155); Olympiade (ff. 135v/154v-136/155); Sept sages: Male marastre (ff. 136v-162bis/156v-183); Enseignement de sapience/Miroir du monde (ff. 162bis v-163v/185v-186v); Gilles de Rome, Li liures dou gouuernement des rois et des princes (ff. 166-241v/189-264v); Le maistrie Ypocras (ff. 242-245/265-268).  Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, ch. 4; ead. BN fr. 95 and Yale 229, 1996, 230-31, figs. 8.34, 8.35.

[12] 528 ff., 370x247, 3 cols. 49 or 50 lines. Le Trésor is preceded by Astronomical Tables (ff. 1-41v); Gautier de Metz, Image du monde (ff. 43-80v); Doctrinal le sage or Doctrinal sauvage (ff. 80v-82v); Pierre, Mappemonde (ff. 82v-86v); Le mariage Nostre Dame sainte Marie et son trespassement (ff. 86v-92v); La Complainte Nostre Dame (ff. 92v-93v ); Gauthier de Coincy, Trois miracles de Notre Dame (ff. 93v-96v); Miracle de Théophile (ff. 96v-103v);  D'un clerc qui saluait volentiers Nostre Dame (ff. 103v-104/); Prophécies de Merlin, traduites pour l'empereur Frédéric (ff. 104-163); Les prophecies à la royne Sebille (ff. 163-165v); Le milliaire de Méthode (Methodius) (ff. 165v-167v); Lunaire de Salomon

(ff. 167v-170); it is followed by Vegiles de mors en français (ff. 284v-289); Job (ff. 289v-299); Lucidaire (ff. 299-319v); Roman de Sidrach (ff. 320-471v); Jehan de Meun, Boece de Consolation (ff. 471v-509v); Secrets naturiens (fragmentary) (ff. ff. 510-538v). Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, ch. 9; ead., Fauvel, 1998; Rouse and Rouse, Illuminati et uxorati, 2000, I, 185, 372 n. 88; II,128, App. 7F, 7G.

[13] Illuminated by the Master of BNF lat. 1328 in 1310.  For its group, see Stones, Illustrated Chrétien, 1993, and ead., Manekine, 2000, esp. 35.

[14] 154 ff. ,335x250, 2 cols., 50 lines. Le Roman de Sidrach follows, ff. 94-154.  Arras or Tournai, c. 1300-1320, illustrations all by the Maître au menton fuyant (see Cat. $$); Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 239, 242, 246, 477; ead., 'A Note on the Maître au menton fuyant,' in Huldeboek Maurits Smeyers, Leuven 2002, 1129-42, at 1130 and n. 6, 1137 and n. 27, ill. 6.

[15] Oliver, Liège, I, 187-89, pl. 195-97. Oliver observes that the iconographic programme is entirely unrelated to the other manuscripts tabulated here; but is is similar to L2 and YT in including considerable material drawn from the bestiary, and in illustrating prophets and saints. For its textual affiliations, see Beltrami, 1988, esp. 1009.

[16] 176 ff., 307x224, 2 cols. 40 lines. Notes about the births of his children (thoroughly analysed by Torri, 261-62), indicate that by 1327 this was in the possession of Henri de Ventimiglia, member of a well-documented Sicilian family; it was in France, in the possession of Jean Bourdelot, bibliophile and physician of Sens, in the seventeenth century and came with the manuscripts of Jean and Pierre Bourdelot to Christina of Sweden between 1651 and 1653 (Torri 263). M. Chabaille, Documents inédits sur l'histoire de France, 1863, xxiii; Langlois, 1889, 108-10; Stones, Lancelot, 1970-71, 234, 235; E. Pellegrin, 'Catalogue des manuscrits de Jean et Pierre Bourdelot.  Concordance,' Scriptorium, 40, 1986, 202-32; Torri, 1992.

[17] Preface:

T: Author seated at desk, one man standing before him.

B3: Author seated at desk; man presents basket of goods; doorkeeper with large key opens a gate (of Paris); border: knight terminal with club and buckler; two men approach a bird of prey in a trap.

R5: Author seated at desk; group of men, one offering a goblet; men offering vessel full of coins to king; border: man in cale carries sack to windmill.

A6, YT: Author seated with one group of scholars; YT border: birds, bagpiper on back of hybrid; hybrid archer; man playing rebec to dog; squirrel on goat chasing ape on unicorn.

F2: Seated author ?

L2: Author seated at desk with two groups of scholars.

L:  Author seated, one seated man.

Q2:  Author seated, standing man in academic costume.

S, A5:  Rectangular miniature with 7 Days of Creation.

K: Wheel of Fortune; border: prophet holding scroll.

R3: author seated, standing man.

[18] Chapter 6

A6: God warns Adam and Eve.

L2: the universe in the form of circles with a mouth at the centre and the sun and the moon; evangelist symbols in the corners of the miniature; bottom border: creation of Eve, drawn from the side of Adam.

YT:  the universe in the form of circles with the sun and moon; in the centre God and animals, Adam lying on the ground. 

L:  God and two angels, banner white a cross gules, seated above the universe shown as circles; bottom border, God and Adam. 

Q2:  miniature in two registers: top: God and animals, bottom: creation of Eve, drawn from the side of Adam.

R3:  God sits by rocks and trees.

[19] Chapter 19

Q2: Two kings, one holding gloves, stand before seated author who addresses them.

[20] Chapter 21

T: Noah and family inside ark, Noah sends out dove.

B3: Noah and famly inside ark, Noah sends out dove.

R5: Noah, wife and son look out of floating ark; Noah sends out dove.

A6: Noah and family inside floating ark, Noah sends out dove.

L2: Noah and family with the animals inside floating ark.

YT:  Noah and family inside floating ark with animals, Noah with dove. 

L: f. 7 Noah building ark; border: man holding falcon; ape pushing baby apes in cart; f. 7v Noah and family with animals inside floating ark; female head in initial, dragon terminal.

Q2: Noah standing in ark with adze.

K: f. 18 Adam digs, Eve spins and nurses; four seated figures at bottom of hill; f. 18v Noah in ark, animals entering.

R3: Noah's ark ?

[21] Chapter 25

T: David slaying Goliath.

L  author and group of men wearing Jew's hats.

Q2  God in a cloud addresses Abraham on crutches wearing a Jewish hat.

[22] Chapter 26

K: nursing woman, Abraham seated holding stick, wearing Jewish hat.

[23] Chapter 30

L2:  Seated queen crowned by two ladies, one on each side.

Q2:  Seated queen holding sceptre, ladies on either side.

[24] Chapter 38

A6: Army rides out of city (Troy ?).

YT: Pope blesses Charlemagne (shield France impaling Empire).

Q2: Seated king, knight with raised sword, standing men.

[25] Chapter 39

L2: Emperor crowned by two men in hats: Julius Caesar misplaced ?

[26] Chapter 41

A6: Sacrifice of Isaac, Abraham wears Jew's hat.

Q2: King being killed, another king crowned by bishop.

[27] Chapter 42

K: Jews crown David King of Jerusalem.

[28] Chapter 43

K: King orders man with club to imprison Jews.

[29] Chapter 44

T, A6: David slinging at Goliath.

L2: half-column miniature: King David holding sceptre.

K: David harping.

[30] Chapters 45-61

L2: half-colum miniatures with figures of prophets as Jews holding scrolls; Isaiah holding saw (Ch. 48), Daniel in lions' den (Ch. 51); Esther crowned (Ch. 58); Judith slaying Holofernes (Ch. 59).

K: Judgement of Solomon (Ch. 45); two seated prophets (Chs. 46, 47); standing prophet holding scroll (Chs. 48-60, including Daniel, Esther, and Judith); group of mounted knights (Ch. 61).

[31] Chapter 62

K: Evangelist seated writing.

[32] Chapter 63

L2, YT: Jesse Tree, heads of kings left right, and top; Virgin Mary centre, standing on Jesse, holding palm; Head of Christ, top centre. YT border: apes fighting on camels' backs.

L: Jesse Tree, heads of kings left right, and top; Virgin Mary centre, standing on Jesse, holding palm and Crucifix.

Q2: Christ crucified between Church and Synagogue

K: Baptism of Christ by infusio.

R3: Crucifixion in Jesse Tree with Mary beside Christ, Jesse not present.

[33] Chapter 64.

B3, R5: Nativity of Christ.

A6: Jesse Tree, two kings each side, Virgin holding Child.

L2: Two men kneel before St Anne who holds Virgin and Child; O initial: Jew's head; border: portative organ player; female acrobat.

YT: St Anne holding Virgin and Child; border: hunting scene.

L: One man kneels before St Anne who holds Virgin and Child.

Q2: Horned Moses holding Tablets of the Law before the burning bush with Head of God.

K: Visitation.

R3: Emariam and Elizabeth with Anne and the Virgin Mary.

[34] Chapters 65-84.

Q2: L initial, head of Virgin Mary (Ch. 65); standing apostles, some holding attributes, the others gesturing (Chs. 66-84).

K: Martyrdoms of the apostles (Chs. 66-84).

[35] Chapter 85.

K: Church and Synagogue.

[36] Chapter 86.

L, R3: Adoration of the Magi.  L: Virgin and Child each hold a flower; top border: hare, squirrel; bottom border: ape-bishop with bird on wrist.  R3: Magi all kneel.

L2, YT: Gnadenstuhl Trinity; L2: C initial with bust of Christ, pointing finger; hooded hybrid terminal; border: hybrid in Jew's hat.

K: Nativity of Christ.

[37] Chapter 88.

R5: Pope and kneeling men.

K: Transfiguration (f. 36); full-page composite miniature of the Passion of Christ (f. 37v).

[38] Chapter 89

Q2: Not Roland destroying the heathen idols, as in Lejeune and Stiennon, II, fig. 385, but Constantine V Copronymous taking the idols from the image-worshippers of Western Christendom to Constantinople and there breaking and burning them, illustrating Chs. 88-89 (Carmody 69-70), as convincingly argued by R. N. Walpole, The Old French Johannes translation of the Pseudo-Turpin Chronicles, A Critical Edition, 2 vols. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1976, 327. This remarkable scene appears to be unique in the Brunetto Latini tradition.

[39] Chapter 90

B3, YT: Emperor kneels before pope.

A6: Two knights stand before emperor.

L2: Pope crowns emperor (Louis the Pious) in the presence of Archbishop Turpin, mitred, holding a shield France a cross argent [white] overall); Roland holding shield azure the head of the Virgin Mary; and Charlemagne, holding a shield of France impaling Empire.

L: Battle scene; not Roland killing Eumont as in Lejeune and Stiennon, II, fig. 384, but a more  generalized scene; Roland is not mentioned in the text.  E, initial with crowned head; border: top: greyhound chases rabbit; bottom: female falconer.

K: Pope hands cross to kneeling emperor; shield of France hangs in background.

R3: Pope crowns emperor, watched by two men.

[40] Chapter 93

K: Pope crowns emperor.

[41] Chapter 95

A6: Pope supported by two clerics addresses emperor supported by two men.

Q2: Emperor Frederick on horseback, kneeling knights and standing cephalophore.

K: Pope crowns emperor (cf. Ch. 93).

[42] Chapter 96

L2: Pope addresses cleric in the presence of emperor surrounded by his agitated men.  Border: two children on the shoulders of two men fight with lances and shields.

YT: Pope addresses cleric in the presence of emperor and two indignant men.

L: Man kneeling before pope; emperor and his men; border: male and female head terminals.

R3: Pope gestures towards group of men in sailboat.

[43] Chapter 98

L2: Pope hands letter to messenger with spear; group of men discuss.  Border: two youths fight with swords and bucklers.

YT, L: Pope enthroned addresses a group of men.  L border: female head, pope's head terminal, man shoots bolt at stork.

R3: Pope and his men on horseback meet imperial forces led by bareheaded man.

[44] Chapter 99

T: Two men in academic robes sitting on a bench, debating with each other.

A6: God standing by a circlular diagram of planets, water, earth with tree and castle.

L2, YT: At the centre of a circular diagram, man in bed, doctor holding flask.  L2 border: fighting apes ride stag and goat.  YT border: dog chases stag; bird; hare; huntsman on horse, holding lure.

L, Q2: At the centre of a circular diagram, naked man lies in garden, man with flask. L border: dragon terminals, man holding portative organ, man riding ox, holding axe.

R3: Four elements in medallions.

[45] Chapter 100

K: Four elements diagram in margin.

[46] Chapter 104

B3, A6: Diagram of sun, earth, moon, planets.

R5: Four elements in medallions.

L2: Seated man at desk in circle of four elements; border: knight terminal thrusts sword in dragon's mouth; knight terminal aims lance at snail.

[47] Chapter 105

Q2: Seated man surrounded by water.

K: Diagram of rivers in  margin.

[48] Chapter 106

L2, YT, L: circular diagram of four elements, at centre man seated at desk.  L2 border: hybrids.

Q2: Man seated at desk: circular diagram in corner.

K: Air diagram in margin.

R3: Schema of air and earth, in diagonal layers.

[49] Chapter 110

B3, A6, R5, Q2: Circle diagram of eclipses of sun and moon, earth at the centre (R5 lacks the rays of sun and moon, and includes planets).

K: Diagrams of planets; zodiac, sun and planets, eclipses, phases of the moon.

[50] Chapter 121

T, YT: Diagram of planets, building in centre.

B3, A6: Building between trees, water in front.

R5: Man with pack on back by river and building.

L2: Daigram of planets with sun and moon, earth and trees in centre; border: huntsman and dog chase boat.

L, Q2: Diagram of planets, mouth of beast in centre.  L border: male hybrid terminal.

F2: Two standing masters, one holding very long gloves.

K: Planets diagram, monsters in centre.

R3: Mappamundi with continents shown as mountains.

[51] Chapter XXX

A6: Man digging by tree and building.

[52] Chapter 130

T, B3: Water with fish.

R5: Soldiers in sailboat on water.

A6: Water with fish, earth with dragon and rabbits.

YT: Large miiniature in two columns: huge whale with men landing and lighting fire on back.  Most bestiary illustrations in L2 and YT are in half a column.

[53] F2: Standing king and standing master disputing.

[54] Chapters 155-68

K: Many more birds are listed and illustrated, cf. Thomas de Cantimpré, Valenciennes BM 320 (Cat. $$).

[55] Chapter 174.

A significant choice in manuscripts not otherwise displaying interest in the Bestiary component.

R5: Lion and trees.

L2: Lion.

YT: Addorsed lion with bone and lioness.

L: Three lions superimposed in a partitioned miniature; bird, dog, ape.

F2: Standing king and standing master: lion between them.

R3: Lion alone.

[56] K follows with taupe, unicorne, ours (f. 87).

[57]Book 2, Chapter 1.

T, R5: Author writing at desk, standing man.

B3: Author writing; man walks away from door holding written manuscript.

A6: Author writing, two men, building.

L2, YT, L: Author and group of seated men.  L border: lions, male terminal wearing hat with bell, playing rebec; stag chased by dog.

Q2: Author alone, writing at desk.

F2: Seated master before open book on lectern, students on ground.

S: Master in hat holds book on lectern and points to a pair of scales held by a man sitting on the same bench.

A5: Seated author at desk addressing group of standing men (lawyers ?).

K, R3: Master and students.  K border: Mounted knight in surcoat and housing azure barruly or aims crossbow at embracing couple.

[58]Book 2, Chapter 28.

T: Seated king, three standing men.

A6: Seated king, four men, one with a rope round his neck.

R5: Man with axe, two men with swords.

[59] Book 2, Chapter 49.

K: Man and woman kneel before Christ on the cross.

[60]Book 2, Chapter 50.

T, A6: Seated author, standing men.

L2, YT: Author and group of seated men.

L: Author seated, and group of standing men; border: lion, male hybrid.

Q2: Author alone, writing at desk.

A5: Standing author addresses group of standing men (lawyers or masters).

F2, S: Seated master, students seated on ground.  In S, an erased note of instruction.

R3: Author seated by a tree, two men before him.

[61] Book 2, Chapter 68.

L2: Author seated, standing men.

L: Author seated, seated men.

F2: Seated king, two standing masters, one holding book.

R3: Author and a man in academic costume seated together on a long bench, disputing. Border: ape aims spear at bearded male head terminal.

[62] Book 2, Chapter XXX.

B3, A6, R5: Samson carrying the gates of Gaza.

[63]Book 2, Chapter 95.

T: Man at chest filled with coins, holds out chalice before 2 men.

[64]Book 2, Chapter 98.

T: Priest kneels at altar with chalice beneath canopy.

[65]Book 2, Chapter 115.

T, B3, A6, R5: Wheel of Fortune.

[66]Book 3, Chapter 1.

T: Seated king addresses 3 men.

B3: Author debating with students.

R5: Author writing.

A6: King with two clerics and man.

L2, YT, L: Author and seated men.  L border: lion, male hybrid.

Q2: Author alone, writing.

S: Seated master in hat addresses standing man holding glove.

A5: Seated author addresses group of standing men (lawyers or masters).

K: Seated king with bishop and clerics and men.

R3: Author expounding from a huge book on a lectern by a tree.  Border: affronted dragon and stork.

[67] Book 3, Chapter 2.

B3: Author debating with students.

F2: seated king, two standing masters, one holding book.

[68]Book 3, Chapter 73.

B3: Author debating with students.

R5: Three knights enter city.

F2: Tonsured cleric shows king a city.
________________________                 
© Alison Stones

BbII. Il tesoro/ Li Livre dou Tresor in Italian

Carla Mascheroni (BgIII) has described the manuscripts excellently and given their siglum. Rather ragged performances on the manuscripts were carried out by Sorio (C.34); De Visiani (C.43); Sundby/ Mussafia (E), Gaiter (C.44). Concetto Marchesi's work (Jb) is almost as complete as Carla Mascheroni's (BgIII). Sonia Minutelli has studied the Tesoro MSS with astronomical drawings (Q). David Napolitano has carried out exhaustive work on the MSS (Q), discovering many more than I list here. Tesoro manuscripts giving the account of the Sicilian Vespers are listed by Michele Amari (C.47), which he finds in three families, given here as Amari I, II, III.

One late Venetian manuscript, M, ascribed itself in its text to Bono Giamboni (BbII.35) and so consequently do the later printed edition, but not the earliest ones. Many MSS even had 19 C pages added to them ascribing them to Bono Giamboni by librarians following Carrer's 1839 edition (C.26). Scholars are now convinced that Tesoro is not Bono Giamboni's, in particular by Segre
(Kd), Bono Giamboni's editor, and this is borne out by a study of the manuscripts themselves. Interestingly, BL and Bono Giamboni were colleagues, the one a Guelf notary and Chaucellor, the other a Ghibelline judge. In the State Archives in Florence one can find adjacent documents written by the two men (A.53). See Bono Giamboni (Kd).

BbII.1. A. Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, G75 sup.
13 C. Holograph corrections? Astronomical drawings. Amari I.
Sorio, Morbio (E), De Visiani, Mussafia, Marchesi, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

*BbII.2. Ar. Firenze, Archivio di Stato, Carte Gianni, Cod. 48.
Astronomical drawings. Amari I. Mascheroni, Roux 2.

BbII.3. As. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Ashburnham 540.
Paper MS, later hand. Interesting for material on Taddeo di Alderotto.
Amari II. Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.4. B. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canoniciani italiani 31.
Paper MS, circa 1410.
Chabaille, Mortara (BgIII), Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway.

*BbII.5. Bg. Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, 4910.
Marshall (Q.13), Gioia (BgIII), Squillacioti (BgIII), Napolitano.

*BbII.6. Bo. Bologna, Archivio di Stato, Raccolta di manoscritti, busta 1 bis, n. 14.
Marshall, Gioia, Squillacioti, Napolitano.

*BbII.7. Bo1. Bologna, Biblioteca Universitaria, 596 (HH) 6/3.
Marshall, Gioia, Squillacioti, Napolitano.

BbII.8. Br. London, British Library, Add. 26105
Late 14 C. Cronica to 1285. Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.9. Br1. London, British Library, Add. 39844.
Signed and dated 'Questo libro e scripto di mano di sere bartolomeo da figline compiuto a di xvi di marzo. MCCCCXXV', 1425. Tripoli. Miniatures. Secreta Secretorum and Tesoro, fols. 42-138. Chabaille, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Roux 1,2.

BbII.10. C. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano. L.VI.210. °Microfilm.
Chancery script. 13-14 C. Astronomical drawings.
Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, Roux 2.

*BbII.11. C1. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano. L.VI.249.
 Squillacioti, Napolitano.
 
BbII.12. Ca. Roma, Biblioteca Casanatense 1911.
Paper MS.
Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.13. Cs. MS owned by heirs of Arrigo Castellani.
Gioia, Squillacioti, Napolitano.

*BbII.14. D/F5. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Landau-Finaly 38.
Formerly lost MS, owned by Roberto De Visiani. Marshall, Squillacioti,
S. Bertelli (BgIII), Napolitano.

BbII.15 D2. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.16.
This MS, written 1446, contains extracts at
fols. 63-89 corresponding to Tresor II.lxi.3-II.lxvii.2, between a work by Bono Giamboni, Libro di conoscimento e delle miseria della vita umana, and Leonardo Bruni Aretino, Le vite di Dante Alighieri e di M. Francesco PetrarcaFol. 91v mentions BL as teacher of Dante. Not in Mascheroni. Listed, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli. Paolo Divizia (Kd) notes many MSS containing this short treatise, is uncertain whether it is from Italian Tesoro or French Li Livres dou Tresor.

BbII.16. F. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale II.II.47., formerly VIII.1376.
14 C. Good paper MS. BL in red teaching robes.
Amari I. De Visiani, Mussafia, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

BbII.17. F1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale II.II.48.
Also includes La rettorica.
De Visiani, Mussafia, Marchesi, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, Roux 2.

BbII.18. F2. Firenze; Biblioteca Nazionale II.II.82.
With Coluccio Salutati letters. 15 C, paper MS.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.19. F3. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale II.VIII.36. °Microfilm
Bolognan libraria, dated 1286. Astronomical drawings. MS preceded by erroneous title page, attributing Tesoro to Bono Giamboni on the basis of a late Venetian MS,  and essay on its dates, written by Vincenzo Follini, 1759-1836. Formerly a Strozzi MS. Also contains Sommetta.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Wieruszowski (C.71), Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli.


BbII.20. F4. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, VIII.1375. °Microfilm
14 C.
Amari III. Astronomical drawings. Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli. Contains complete Sicilian Vespers account.

*BbII.21. F6. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, XXIII.127

*BbII.22. F7. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.72.

BbII.23. G. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Gaddiano 4.
14 C. Fine incipit initial, author portrait, similar to Tesoretto, Strozzi 146 author portraits, initial with fish in sea for Bestiary.  Omits 'Rettorica' section.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli, Roux 2.

BbII.24. G1. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Gadd. 26. °Microfilm
Paper MS. Similar to Chigiano L.VI.210 in text.
Amari II. Astronomical drawings. Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli.

BbII.25. G2. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Gadd. 83.
Paper MS, copied from Gadd. 4.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Wieruszowski, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli.

BbII.26. L. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Pluteo 42.19. °Microfilm
13-14 C. Bolognan libraria. Exquisite complete Tesoro with illuminations. Written, BL says, fol. 19, 'per amor del suo nimicho', this repeated in editio princeps (C.  ). Mussafia, Marchesi, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Wieruszowski, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli, Roux 1,2.

BbII.27. L1. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 42.20. °Microfilm
13-14 C. Chancery script. Cosmographical drawings.
Amari II. Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli, Roux 2.

BbII.28. L2. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 42.21.
Paper MS.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Wieruszowski, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.29. L3. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 42.22.
Paper MS. Astronomical drawings.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Gaiter, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli, Roux 2. Giola, p. 27, notes interpolation of legend of Seth.

BbII.30. L4. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 42.23. °Microfilm
Bolognan libraria. Excellent MS. Claims written by Bondi Pisano in Stinche. Like Laur. 42.19, and printed edition.
Bandini V.188-89, Sorio, Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Carmody, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli, Dotto (Q), Roux 2.

BbII.31. L5. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 76.70. Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.32. L6. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 76.74. °Microfilm
15 C. Extracts. 'La Puleticha'. Stresses Epistolarium letters of state. Bandini, Mussafia, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.33. L7. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, 90 inf. 46.
Paper MS.
Mussafia, Marchesi, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, Bertelli.

*BbII.34. L8. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Conventi Soppressi 148.2, Zibaldoni Andreini.
Cited, Bertelli, BgII.1.

BbII.35. M. Venezia, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, 5035 [Marc. it. II.53 (Farsetti)].
Late paper MS. Sorio, De Visiani, Mussafia, Gaiter, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli. Mussafia, p. 287, notes this is only MS with contemporary Bono Giamboni ascription.

BbII.36. N. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, ital. 440.
1469. Salerno dialect. Paper MS. Chabaille, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Lucchi (Q ). Colophon

BbII.37. P. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Palatino 483.
First part of Tesoro. Paper MS. Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.38. P1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Palatino 585.
Fine early MS. French commentary. Astronomical drawings. Paitoni (Ke ), De Visiani, Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, Roux 2.

*BbII.39. P2. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Palatino-Panciatichi 67.
Squillacioti, Napolitano.

*BbII.40. Pa. Palermo, Biblioteca Comunale, 2-Qq-B-91
Gioia, Squillacioti, Napolitano.

BbII.
41. R. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 2196.
Bolognan libraria. Amari I. Page reproduced, Cecchi/ Sapegno (E). Mussafia, Marchesi, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli.

BbII.42. R1. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 2221.
13 C. Astronomical drawings. In Italian in French script. Seems to be written abroad by BL: 'Qui finiscie lo libro di mastro brunneto latini da fiorensa'. Amari II; same text in Ricc. 1550 'Cronaca da Tiberio Imo. fino all'anno 1285' with episode of Pisan flag. Mussafia,
Cecchi/Sapegno (E), who gives facsimile page of Il tesoro, Riccardiano 2221, fol. 50, 13 C, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, S. Bertelli, Roux 2.

*BbII.43. R2. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 818.

*BbII.44. R3. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1317.

BbII.45. S. San Daniele del Friuli, Biblioteca Comunale Guarneriana 238.
Amari II. Astronomical drawings. Mascheroni, Suttina (BgIII) describes MS, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli, Roux 2. °CD, KHETH

BbII.46. T. Milano, Biblioteca Trivulziana 165.
15 C. Morbio, Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.47. V. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, lat. 3216.
1456. Paper MS. Fol. 68, Ethica & Politica. Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

BbII.48. V1. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, lat. 5908.
15 C.
Amari I. Astronomical drawings. Mascheroni, Bolton Holloway, Minutelli.

*BbII.49. Y. Madrid, Biblioteca de Palacio, 10124.

BbII.50. Z2/Y1/Y2. Madrid, Biblioteca del Palacio. II.857.
Tesoro. Baldwin (C.86), Bolton Holloway, Roux 2.

To which Sonia Minutelli adds Siena, Biblioteca Comunale I.VI.25 and David Napolitano adds a further 53 Tesoro MSS at: Yale (2), Harvard (1), Bologna (1), Parma (2), Florence (33), Milan (1), Siena (2), London (1), Venice (3), Rome (1), Lucca (1), Tours (2), Verona (2), Berlin (1), Munich (1), for a total of 104 Tesoro MSS (I exclude the burned Turin MS and the duplicated De Visiani/Landau-Finaly).

In addition to these De Visiani, Mussafia and Gaiter note other Tesoro MSS:

BbII.105. Venezia, Marciano it. II.54 (4910). Bergamasco.
Raymond of Bergamo's literal, Bergamasco translation from a French MS. Minutelli.

BbII.106. Palermo, Biblioteca Comunale, 2Qq-B-91. Sicilian.
Discussed in 'Capitoli volgarizzati del Tresor di BL: Testo per il corso di filologia romanza dell'anno accademico 1962-63 nella Facoltà di Magistero dell'Università di Palermo', Palermo: Mori, 1963 (C.74). Sicilian Tesoro.

[*BbII.107. Torino, ital. LXXXIX-89 N. LV.48. Venetian.
'Delle tre parti del Tesoro Vitale di Maestro Bruno [sic] sapientissimo Filosofo. Tradotte per Celio Malespini dal Francesco nel nostro Idoma Italiana', circa 1610 in Venice. Discussed in Giuseppe Rua, 'Un'altra traduzione italiana del Tesoro di BL, per opera di Celio Malespina', GSLI 16 (1890), 423-34. Destroyed in 1904 fire.]

BbII.108. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Panciatichi 28, fols. 51-52. Versified.
Il tesoro, Book I, versificato da Fra Mauro da Poggibonsi. Written 1310 in 2 columns. Discussed in E. Monaci, Crestomazia italiana (C46), pp. 561-66, p. 561 discussing the MS, also edition; D'Ancona, Il tesoro di BL versificato, Roma: Accademia dei Lincei, 4th ser., 4, pp. 5-274; see also Davidsohn, Storia di Firenze, V.77 (F39).

*BbII.109. Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Palatino 293, cc. 60v-73r.
Italian extract corresponding to Tresor III, li-lxi. Noted in Divizia, 'Ancora un compendio', end of note 1:
Infine segnalo qui un testimone del Fiore di rettorica rimasto finora ignoto: Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Palatino 293, cc. 1r-50r. Il manoscritto - membr., XV sec., 250x149 mm, cc. I-80-I num. recentemente a matita, bianche le cc. 73v-75v e 80v, guardie cartacee, leg. in pergamena; oltre al Fiore di rettorica contiene: proemi ed esordi (cc. 50r-60v); estratti volgarizzati dal Tresor, III, li-lxi (cc. 60v-73r); bolla di Bonifacio VIII per l'istituzione del Giubileo, in volg. (cc. 76r-77r); epistola di san Bernardo a Ramondo del Castello di Sant'Ambrogio, in volg. (cc. 77r-80r) - risulta affine per contenuto al codice II.IV.127 della Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (siglato H nell'ed. Speroni), per una descrizione del quale rimando a B. Giamboni, Fiore di rettorica, ed. critica a cura di G. B. Speroni, Pavia, Università degli Studi di Pavia. Dipartimento di Scienza della Letteratura e dell' medioevale e moderna, 1994, pp. ciii-vi.

BbII.110. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, it. 440.
Tresor translated into Salenitan dialect of Lecce region. See Lucchi (BgIII, Q).


Ethica d'Aristotile
, part of Tresor/Tesoro, MSS, also circulated separately:


BbII.111. Y. Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional 10124.
Splendid Ethica, part of Tesoro. Bolognan libraria, careful corrections to text. Miniature, BL teaching students. Copied from BbII.26? Similar to L. Perhaps presentation volume to Alfonso el Sabio. Bolton Holloway,
Roux

BbII.112. Z. New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Marston 28. °Microfilm.
L'Etica d'Aristotile. Also attributed to Taddeo di Alderotto de Florentia. Palimpsest on 13 C legal MS, Chancery script. Exemplar for Y. De Ricci, Supplement (1962), p. 67. Bolton Holloway.


BbII.113. Firenze, Archivio di Stato, Cerchi 84.
L'Etica d'Aristotile. Bolognan libraria, similar to Strozzi Tesoretto. No attribution to BL or Taddeo. Fols. 4-33v, preceded by added theological poem in terza rima.

BbII.114. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Magl. XII.57.
Bolognan libraria, yellow wash to capitals. 25 fols. 'Prologo sopra leticha del sommo phylosafo Aristotile'. Colophon 'Sander me scrissit. Explicit liber ethicorum Aristotilis', followed by list of electors of Emperor. No attribution within text to Taddeo or BL. Related to Banco Rari 220. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.


BbII.115. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.I.71

Aristotle, Etica, attributed to Maestro Taddeo, fols. 140-158. Also contains Epistolarium, and Orazione 'Pro Marcello' twice. Giambonini (BgIII).

BbII.116. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.106
'Leticha daristotile translata per mastro taddeo deo grazia'. Also
Epistolarium. 1459. Giambonini.

BbII.117. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana,
1084
Fol. 21, 'Comincia il prolago dellibro della hetica daristotile/ Ogne arte 7 ogni doctrina . . .', later hand adding 'ridotta in compendio da Brunetto Latini, stampata'.  Also contains Vita di Dante by Petrarch, noting that Dante was orphaned, educated by BL as his guardian. Bolton Holloway.

BbII.118. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 1270
Fols. 1-5, Fragment, BL, Tesoro; fols. 5-30
, 'leticha aristotile'. Bolton Holloway.

BbII.119. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 1357
Fols. 49-70, 'leticha del sommo filosafo aristotile'. Also includes, fols. 74-108, bestiary section of Tesoro. Bolton Holloway

BbII.120. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 1538, fols. 61-74v. °Microfilm
Also contains Epistolarium, Orazioni, etc.
Speroni (Kd), pp. lxv-lxvi, Bolton Holloway, S. Bertelli.

BbII.121. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Antinori 202.
'L'Etica di Aristotile trad. da Taddeo fisico', followed by text on colours of rhetoric, and treatise written by a mother for her daughter. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.122. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Palatino 43.
Humanist MS. Incipit 'Ethyca Aristotilis translata in volgari a magistro Taddeo Florentino'. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.123. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 2323
Fols. 20-51, 'Explicit Ethica Aristotile traslatata a magistro taddeo in vulgare'. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.124. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Banco Rari 220.
Seen, Microfilm. Bolognan libraria. Colophon: 'Qui finisce illibro delletica del sommo filosafo aristotile il quale tratta delle vertude . . . Sander me scrissit. Giovanni di messer Lapo Arnolfi lo fece scrivere', 29/6/1338. Related to Magl. XII.57. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.125. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.274.
Fols. 1-6, Libro di Arrighetto da Settimello, volgarizzato, fol. 17, 'Incipit Ethica Aristotilis transata in vulgare a magistro Taddeo florentino', fol. 44v, 'Explicit Ethica Aristotilis traslatata per maestro taddeo deo gratias Amen Amen'. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.126. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.72.
Etica, fols. 5v-36v, immediately following 'Della Dottrina del Parlare estratta dal Tesoro'. Other texts, Fiori delli Filosafi et vita d'altri savi imperadori, Guido d'Arezzo, Faba, Libro delle Aringherie, Florentine Chronicle, etc. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

BbII.127. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Palatino 501
'Letica da Aristotile', without attribution to Taddeo or BL in MS itself. Also includes Trattato sulle quattro virtu and various moral treatises. Gentile, Bolton Holloway.

*BbII.128. Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano, M.VII.154

Printed as: (C.9) L'Ethica d'Aristotile, Lione, Giovanni De Tornes, 1568, 1-57
Speroni
(Kd), pp. lxvi-lxviii.



BbIII. Il tesoro/ Li Livre dou Tresor in Languages other than French or Italian

Carmody (C.63), p. xx1, spoke of the following geographical and astronomical fragments in Latin, but upon investigation one turns out to be a source work for Tesoro: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 6556 (see also BEC 54 [1893], 406-41, 587-88), which is actually a fine Alfraganus written in Bolognan libraria and listed here under Jb3.2 MS, and the other an Italian Tesoro, Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 42.23 (BbII.30), the error being made partly because this MS reads 'Lo libro del tesoro lo quale comincio maestro Brunetto Latini di Firenza traslectato di franciesco in latini'. While these must be discounted, the following should be included:

Latin

BbIII.1. Mattalía (E) notes T. Bertelli's discussion of Latin version of cosmographical part of Tresor, Memorie della Pontifica Accademia dei Nuovi Lincei 9 (1893). See Mattalía, p. 42, for further citations of translations of Tresor.

Castilian

BbIII.2. Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 685.
1433. 'Aqui se comienca el libro del thesauro . . . que traslado maestro brunt de latin en romance frances, e el muy noble Rey Don Sancho . . . mando traslador de frances en languaje castellano a maestre alonso de paredes fisico de infante don ferrendo su fijo'. On Manfred. Translation originally made 1292. Faulhaber (BgIV); Baldwin (C.86), Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.3. Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 3380, formerly L-127.
Listed in Catalogue as by Alfonso X, while manuscript itself claims, with total implausibilty, that it was written by Alfonso VI in 1065. It is otherwise a fine, complete Tesoro in Castilian, written on paper. Baldwin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.4. Escorial, e.III.8.
Paper MS. Fine complete Castilian Tesoro of Escorial French Tresor, 'Libro llamado Thesoro compuesto por el Rey D. Alfonso el Sabio', which is followed by absurd statement that it is falsely attributed to BL in 'French translation of it', Escorial L.II.3 (BbI.46). 15 C. Faulhaber, Baldwin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.5. Escorial, P.II.21.
Incomplete version of BbIII.9. 15 C. Faulhaber.

BbIII.6. Kristeller, Iter Italicum, II, notes Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Ottob. lat. 2054, BL Tesoro section on Aristotle's Ethics in Spanish, falsely attributed to Leonardo Bruni Aretino. Translation of Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 10124 (BbII.49)? °Microfilm is unreadable, MS severely water-damaged.

BbIII.7. Seville, Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras, 13-3-18.
15 C.
I found MS badly damaged from damp. Described by López Estrada (LcIV), Faulhaber, Baldwin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.8. Madrid, Academia de la Historia, 9-6-2-1050 (formerly N45).
Baldwin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.9. Madrid, Biblioteca de Palacio, II.3011.
Attributed to Alfonso el Sabio. Baldwin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.10. Madrid, Academia de la Lengue, 209.
Jaime Ferreiro Alemparte, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.11. Seville, Colombina, 5-1-6.
14 C. Faulhaber. °Photocopy of initial pages.

BbIII.12. Salamanca, Universitat, 1697.
13/14 C. 1st redaction. Faulhaber, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.13. Salamanca, Universitat, 1811.
Copy, 1704. Faulhaber, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.14. Salamanca, Universitat, 1966.
Faulhaber, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.15. Salamanca, Universitat, 2618.
Faulhaber, Bolton Holloway.

The Salamanca MSS above were taken by Napoleon I (who had a particular interest in BL) from the Royal Palace and given to the University.

Aragonese

BbIII.16. Gerona, Cathedral 60.
Baldwin (C.86), °Dawn Ellen Prince, Dissertation (C.90), Bolton Holloway.

Catalan

BbIII.17. Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 10.264, formerly I i-65.
Paper MS giving rhetoric section only, omitting podestà material. Same as Barcelona, Biblioteca Episcopal del Seminar Conciliar. Wittlin (C.80), Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.18. *Escorial 234.
Translation of Aristotle's Ethics. MS lost in Escorial fire, 1671. Wittlin.

BbIII.19. Barcelona, Biblioteca de Catalunya, 357. Translation by Guillem de Copons. Valencia, 1 May 1418. Wittlin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.20. Barcelona, Biblioteca Episcopal del Seminar Conciliar de Barcelona, 74. Also has chronicle history of Spain and Sicily, including Sicilian Vespers, to teach Don Jaime Aragonese history. °Microfilm. Wittlin, Bolton Holloway.

BbIII.21. Barcelona, Arxiu Historia de la Ciutat, 1679.
Wittlin, Bolton Holloway

Bc. La rettorica

The Rettorica translates Cicero, De inventione, and its medieval commentaries, while Tresor gives a more practical version, partly from Ad Herennium. Thus BL twice wrote on the subject of rhetoric. Maggini (C.57, C.77) lists the following manuscripts, with full descriptions, pp. xxi-xxv. I add Ac8, 9, 10, 11, which are not included in Maggini/ Segre edition (C.77). The manuscripts usually include diagrams.

Bc.1. m1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.91.
15 C. Maggini, Bolton Holloway.

Bc.2. m. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.73.
See De Robertis (LbI), p. 90. Paper MS, 14-15 C.
Maggini, De Robertis, Bolton Holloway.

Bc.3. M. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.124.
14 C. Rajna, Maggini, base text;
Bolton Holloway, S. Bertelli.

Bc.4. M1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.127. °Microfilm
14 C, Bolognan libraria. Miniature of Cicero, BL. With Fiore di Rettorica, Fra Guidotto da Bologna. Magnificent manuscript, base text for 1546 (C.57, C.77) editions. Commentary in smaller script than Cicero text; this hierarchy of script is copied in B5 edition.
Maggini, Bolton Holloway, S. Bertelli.

Bc.5. m2. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.VIII.32.
15 C. Also Fiore di Rettorica.
Maggini, Bolton Holloway.

Bc.6. L. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, 43.19.
15 C. Paper MS. With Fioretto della Rettorica.
Maggini, Bolton Holloway.

Bc.7. R. Firenze, Bibl. Laurenziana, Red. 23.
15 C. With Orationi.
Maggini, Bolton Holloway.

Bc.8. C1. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano  L.VII.249. °Microfilm
Bound with Tesoretto, Epistolarium.
Maggini, Bolton Holloway.

Bc.9. F1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.48.
Bound with Tesoro. 15 C. Paper MS.
Maggini, Bolton Holloway.

*Bc.10. Munich, Staatbibl. 1038 (formerly Cod. it. 148).
14 C. Fols. 33-42, 'La ritoricha vechia di Tullio volgarizata per ser Bruneto Latini de Fiorenza et apresso la dita ritoricha nuova del dito Tullio volgarizzato per Frate Giudoto de Bologna'.

*Bc.11. Leiden University, Vulc. 92CII, fols. 1-58v. 16 C.
Cited, Emil J. Polak.

Bd. Orazioni, Epistolarium

The Orazioni and Epistolarium can occur in the same manuscript and are here designated as O/E or O or E. These collections, commenced by Pier delle Vigne in his Epistolarium, were continued by later writers in chancery contexts, for example, by Leonardo Bruni Aretino, as in Firenze, Biblioteca del Seminario Arcivescovile Maggiore B.I.20 (in deposito presso il rettorato), giving
Leonardi Bruni, Pro Marcello, coupled with Demosthenes to Alexander, a manuscript presented to Alessandro de' Medici, which observes the Brunettan tradition of educating rulers.
The formulae of the speeches and the letters were of value in state contexts. A complete edition of this material is desired.

Bd.1. A. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1538, fols. 51v-61.
O/E. Beginning 14 C. Speroni (Kd), pp. lxv-lxvi, Bolton Holloway, S. Bertelli.

Bd.2. B. Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare, DXIX, 'Orazioni toscane. °Microfilm
O. Humanist MS.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.3. C. Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare, CCCCXCI. °Microfilm
O. Similar to B.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.4. C1. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano L.VII.249. °Microfilm.
E. Vignolan letters. Bolognan libraria.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.5. D. Yale University, Beinecke Library, Marston 247. °Microfilm.
O. Catilinian orations. Bolton Holloway.

Bd.6. D1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.312, fols. 50-83v.
E. Early 14 C.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.7. E. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Chigiano L.VII.267. °Microfilm
E.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.8. F. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1563, fols. 28v-45v.
O. End 14 C.
Bolton Holloway, Bianco (BgIV).

Bd.9. G. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1080, fols. 77-88v.
O. Pro Ligario. Giambonini, Bolton Holloway.

Bd.10. H. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.76, fols. 76-96.
O.
Bolton Holloway.

*Bd.11. I. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.82.

Bd.12. J. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.87, formerly VIII.1271.
O.
Bolton Holloway, Bianco.

Bd.13. K. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 43.17, fols. 17v-28.
O.
Bolton Holloway, Bianco.

Bd.14. L. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. 43.26, fols. 14-39v.
O.
Bolton Holloway, Bianco.

Bd.15. M. Siena, Biblioteca Comunale 'degli Intronati', I.VI.25,
O.
'Pro Ligario', fols. 143-66. Humanist MS. Bolton Holloway.

Bd.16. N. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.90, fols. 37r-43v, pro Ligario, trans. Brunetto Latino.
O/E. Associations, Sicily. Speroni, pp. lxxxiii-lxxxvi, Bolton Holloway, Divizia (Kd), Bianco.

Bd.17. O. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1095, fol. 71v, 'Pro Marco Marcello', Catilina to troops.
O.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.18. P. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 2272, fols. 162-168v, 'Pro Ligario'.
O.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.19. Q. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1603, 'Pro Marcello', 83-93v; 'Pro  Ligario', fols. 95-105v, same as P.
O. Bolton Holloway.

Bd.20. R. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1619, fols. 189v-192.
O.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.21. S. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1603, fols. 95-105v.
O.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.22. V. Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Vat. lat. 4957.
Tesauro letter, fol. 79, Bonaccursus Latinus to his son following Montaperti, fol. 83. Mentions letters as also in Palatino 983. E.
Bolton Holloway, Cella (BgIV).

Bd.23. X. Venezia, Biblioteca Marciana, it.II.25(=4938).
O.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.24. Y. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.IV.334.
E. Tesauro letter.
Bolton Holloway, Cella.

          Bd.25. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Conv. Soppr. 122.
O. Delightful Florilegium from the Santissima Annunziata with many canzoni, initially profane, then moral, BL's Orationi, addressed to 'Messer Tomaso', filled with drawings, including those of Dante and Brunetto writing, Cicero speaking. Bolton Holloway, Bianco.

Bd.26. Firenze, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Rediano 23, Orationi, 92-118, Rettorica, 121-133.
O. Addressed to 'Messer Manetto'. Bolton Holloway, Bianco.

Bd.27. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 1156
O. Fols. 188-193, gives Orations by Catiline and Antonio, followed by Leonardi Bruni's Cicero 'Pro Marcello', last text truncated.
Bolton Holloway.

Bd.28. Firenze, Biblioteca del Seminario Arcivescovile Maggiore B.I.20 (in deposito presso il rettorato)
O. Leonardi Bruni, Pro Marcello, coupled with Demosthenes to Alexander. Presented to Alessandro de' Medici. Continues BL tradition of this Oration in context of Florence's politics.   


*Bd.29. London, British Library, Add. 16437, 46v-51v.
Cited, Speroni, pp. lxxi-lxxv, Cura Curà (H.3), p. 28, Divizia, Bianco.

*Bd.30. Venezia, Biblioteca Marciana, 6090 (It. VIII.26), 38vb-51vb.
Speroni, pp. lxxv-lxxvi, Bianco.

Bd.31. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.I.71
E/O Epistolarium that also contains Orazione 'Pro Marcello' twice, and Aristotle, Etica, attributed to Maestro Taddeo, fols. 140-158. Giambonini, Divizia.

Monica Bianco (BgIV) adds the following 5 MSS of her total of 16:

Bd.31. Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Barberino latino 3941
Bd.32. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale II.II.81
Bd.33. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Palatino 51
Bd.34. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana 1080
Bd.35. Venezia, Biblioteca Marciana, 6620


Be. La sommetta

Be.1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale II.VIII.36. °Microfilm
Bolognan libraria, dated 1286. Embedded in Tesoro. Mussafia; Marchesi; Mascheroni; Wieruszowski (C.71), Hijmans-Tromp (C.94). Likely work of a discipulus scriptor, as figures involve those whom BL encountered diplomatically and whom DA would place in Commedia.

Bf. Other Works

The Ethica of Aristotle is an extract from Il tesoro and is to be found there. However, Madrid (BbII.110), in Bolognan libraria, perhaps gift to Alfonso X; Yale (BbII.111), Marston 28, is exemplar, in BL's chancery hand, palimpsest upon 13 C legal document; and the Vatican (BbII.127, BbIII.6), give that work separately.

The Fiore di filosofi e di molti savi is sometimes, for instance by Giovanni Villani, ascribed to BL. Antonio Capelli (C.41) lists the MSS as being in the Magliabechiano and Gaddiano collections without the name of BL, while Marciana of Venice has a Farsetti MS of 15 C which attributes Fiore to BL (BbII.35). Alfonso D'Agostino (C.82) re-edits, using 19 MSS, ascribes to Adamus Claromontenses, 1270. It is also present in the Biblioteca Nazionale, Conv. Soppr. F.4.766, with names of 'Latino' family members on the flyleaves, where it appears with Albertanus da Brescia's Liber consolationes and Liber de amore and Provençal lyrics, written out in Italian and Provençal, the MS says, by Andrea da Grossetto in 1268 in Paris. The Trajan story perhaps came to Dante, Purg. X, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh, and Emily Dickinson, through Fiore and thus, perhaps, from BL (Julia Bolton Holloway, 'Death and the Emperor in Dante, Browning, Dickinson and Stevens', Studies in Medievalism 2 [1983], 67-72, http://www.florin.ms/emperor.html). Its first extant version is told by an Anglo-Saxon predecessor to Bede (Julia Bolton Holloway, 'The Earliest Life of Gregory', http://www.umilta.net/gregory.html#trajan). See N. Doubtful Works.

There are also fugitive poems probably falsely ascribed to BL. See C.29, C.45. Quaglio (Da), p. 394, Monti (N). Kristeller, Iter Italicum, II, lists Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Regin. lat. 1603, fols. 35v-45, as containing 'canzone di BL'.

Bf.1. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, Con. Soppr. F.4.776.
Includes Fiore e vita fi filosafi e d'altri savi e d'imperadori.
Bolton Holloway.

Bf.2. Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale, II.II.72.
Della Dottrina del Parlare, estratto dal Tesoro, followed by Etica, fols. 5v-36v. Other texts, Fiori delli Filosafi et vita d'altri savi imperadori, Guido d'Arezzo, Faba, Libro delle Aringherie, Florentine Chronicle, etc. Gentile,
Bolton Holloway.
.

Bg. Problems of Editing

For Italian manuscripts in Italy, see first Angelo Maria Bandini, Catalogus codicorum latinorum Bibliothecae Medicae Laurentianai, Firenze, 1774-1778; Bibliothecae Laurentianae: Bibliothecae Leopoldinae sive Supplementum ad Catalogum Codicum Graecorum, Latinorum, Italianorum (Firenze: Typis Regis, 1792), Giuseppe Mazzatinti, Inventari dei manoscritti delle biblioteche d'Italia, Firenze: Olschki, 1890-99. For Italian manuscripts in France, G. Mazzatini, Inventario de manoscritti delle biblioteche di Francia, Roma, 1888. For those in the Low Countries, F. Novati, 'I MSS italiani d'alcune biblioteche del Belgio e dell'Olanda', RBLI, 2 (1894), 43-51. For the Escorial and Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid, see Catálogo de los manuscritos franceses y provenzales de la Biblioteca de El Escorial, ed. Arthuro García de la Fuente, Madrid: Tipografia de Archivos, 1933 (in which a page of L.II.3 (BbI.46) is reproduced, Plate III); Catálogo de los manuscritos catalanes, valencianos, gallegos y portugueses de la Biblioteca de El Escorial, ed. Julián Zarco Cuevas, Madrid: Tipografía de Archivos, 1932; Inventario general de manuscritos de la BN de Madrid, Madrid: Ministero Educación Nacional, 1956; Mario Schiff, La Bibliothèque du Marquis de Santillane, Paris: Boullon, 1905 (Madrid, BN copy has the new call numbers written in hand, and is thus a far better tool than is the manuscript card catalogue in the library); for MSS in United States and Canada: Seymour De Ricci, with the assistance of W. J. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, 1937, and Supplement, 1962. Jean Luc Deuffic of Pecia notes the 'Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts': http://dewey.library.upenn.edu/sceti/sdm/ for tracking manuscript sales and Lawrence Schoenberg notes these BL MSS in that database, noting that one MS can be involved in several sales:

MANUSCRIPT TRANSACTIONS

ID

DUPLICATE MS

CAT DATE

SELLER

CAT #

LOT

AUTHOR

75214

 

17830407

PATERSON

CROFTS

8284

BRUNETTO LATINI

4913

 

19410729

SOTHEBY'S

HADRIL

231

BRUNETTO LATINI

15752

15752,48367

18890523

SOTHEBY'S

BERLIN

20

BRUNETTO LATINI

48367

15752,48367

18170127

DE BURE

MACCARTHY-REA 2

2814

BRUNETTO LATINI

76969

34463,57738?,76969

19020000

CAMBRIDGE DESC. CAT.

THOMPSON

74

BRUNETTO LATINI

34463

34463,57738?,76969

17830000

DE BURE 1

DE LA VALLIERE

1468

BRUNETTO LATINI

9971

9971,74174?

19060000

HIERSEMANN

330

30

BRUNETTO LATINI

24091

 

18760607

SOTHEBY'S

BRAGGE

44

BRUNETTO LATINI

24092

 

18760607

SOTHEBY'S

BRAGGE

45

BRUNETTO LATINI

34462

 

17830000

DE BURE 1

DE LA VALLIERE

1467

BRUNETTO LATINI

37622

37622,46399?

18640601

SOTHEBY'S

LIBRI

69

BRUNETTO LATINI

66465

 

18961201

SOTHEBY'S

YOUNG/WILLS

617

BRUNETTO LATINI

48123

 

19650000

ZACOUR/HIRSCH

PENN

ITA31

ARISTOTLE,BRUNETTO LATINI

57738

34463,57738?,76969

18970500

ASHBURNHAM

APPX

177

BRUNETTO LATINI

74174

9971,74174?

18550412

TILLIARD

LIBRI CARUCCI

1849

BRUNETTO LATINI

46399

21601,37622,46399?

18360210

EVANS

HEBER XI

651

DANTE ALIGHIERI;BRUNETTO LATINI

38810

2287,38810

19010000

ROSENTHAL, J.

27

12

BRUNETTO LATINI

2287

2287,38810

19760519

ADER/PICARD/TAJAN

 

10

BRUNETTO LATINI

19053

 

19480000

KRAUS

44

47

BRUNETTO LATINI

58870

10742,19950,58870

19360000

PLIMPTON

COLUMBIA

281

BRUNETTO LATINI

10742

10742,19950,58870

19280000

MAGGS

500

60

BRUNETTO LATINI

19950

10742,19950,58870

18980000

ROSENTHAL, L.

100

337

BRUNETTO LATINI

55021

 

19560000

DE TORO

BIBLIO NACIONAL

685

BRUNETTO LATINI

11748

11748,13683,13746

19890000

TENSCHERT

21

20

BRUNETTO LATINI

10505

10505,58236

19120000

LEIGHTON

 

51

ARISTOTLE-BRUNETTO LATINI

71876

 

18610206

SOTHEBY'S

SAVILE-MUNBYC21

46

BRUNETTO LATINI;FRANCESCO PETRARCH;BONO GIAMBONI

58236

10505,58236

19470000

KRAUS

HARVARD

TYP147H

ARISTOTLE-BRUNETTO LATINI

13683

11748,13683,13746

20000706

SOTHEBY'S

00509

44

BRUNETTO LATINI

13746

11748,13683,13746

19870000

SINIBALDI

27

54

BRUNETTO LATINI

23732

 

19990910

CHRISTIE'S SO KEN

 

4

BRUNETTO LATINI

 
See also Baldwin (C.86); Faulhaber (BgIV). Bolton Holloway surveys the documents and manuscripts (Li Livres dou Tresor, Tesoro, etc.), in England, 'Brunetto Latini and England', Manuscripta 31 (1987), 11-21. For paleography, Italian resistance to Gothic, Guido Battelli, Lezioni di Paleografia, Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, 1949. For the sense of workshop production (Alfonso el Sabio, BL, DA), see A.I. Doyle and M.B. Parkes, 'The Production of Copies of the Canterbury Tales and the Confessio Amantis in the Early Fifteenth Century', in Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts and Libraries: Essays Presented to N.R. Ker, ed. M.B. Parkes and Andrew G. Watson, London: Scholar Press, 1978.


BgI. Il tesoretto

Several manuscripts of Il tesoretto have been marked up and corrected by the seventeenth-century editor of the printed text. This is especially true of C (Ba ) and C1 (Ba6), now in Roman libraries. The first edition was published by Federigo Ubaldini in Rome in 1642, C.10), and this work was used in aiding the formulation of the Accademia della Crusca's Vocabolario (H). (However, Firenze, B.N., catalogued a Venetian 1528 edition which was lost in the 1966 Flood. I have not seen any other reference to this edition.) The second earliest scholarly edition was published by Zannoni in 1824 (C.19). He was unable to locate MS C (used by Ubaldini), which he thought was still in Florence, but he had access to MSS S,G,R,M and V. He based his text on L (Ba.2), which is almost idential with S (Ba.1), though with more errors.

Wiese published a seminal edition of Il tesoretto in 1883 (C.46), basing his text upon Riccardiano 2908, because he believed Il mare amoroso, which appears there with Il Tesoretto, was a holograph of a work by BL. It is no longer considered to be BL's hand or work, or even 13 C. Riccardiano 2908 manifests a number of unique and clearly wrong readings. See also N5, 12, 13 on paleography and orthography of this MS as 14 C Lucchese. Gianfranco Contini's Poeti del Duecento (C.73) presents an edition carried out by Father Giovanni Pozzi of Locarno based essentially on Wiese, which used Riccardiano 2908, but gives a modernization of Wiese's text. Pozzi's edition omits several MSS Wiese noted in his other publications, including his M2, Magl. II.III.335, said by Tommaso Casini to contain Tesoretto (BgI), but which does not (Pozzi is simply silent about it); F, Laurenzian Plut. 61.7 (Ba.18); P, Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 1745 (B.13); and two manuscripts Wiese mentions in his later Strasbourg edition (C.55) as being at Berlin and Madrid. I could not find the Madrid fragment; the Berlin one is now in Kraków, Poland (Ba.12). Pozzi did not consult all of Wiese publications or the earlier bibliography by Cart. However, he did add Brussels, Bibliothèque Albert Ier 14614-146-16, F1 (Ba.3), formerly owned by Charles Fox, noting that it is bound with a Commedia. He is silent about the other two manuscripts, C2 (Ba.8) and G (Ba.11), being also bound with the Commedia. Several scholars, D'Ancona (BgI) and Marchesini (BgI) note that C2 (Ba.8) derives from F1 (Ba.3). Cart (BgI), Wiese (C.46) and Pozzi (C.73) confuse the various siglum.

Besides the following, see also Ubaldini (C.10), Zannoni (C.19), pp. lvii-lx, Wiese (C.46, C.55 ), Pozzi (C.73) and Bolton Holloway (C.85), who discuss problems of editing in the prefaces to their editions, and Scherillo (E) and Degenhart (Ia) in their studies. N. Doubtful Works, Il mare amosoro entries, should also be consulted here.

BgI.1. Bandini, A.M. Catalogus codicum latinorum Bibliothecae Medicae Laurentianae. Firenze: 1774-78.
X.545-56, states that Strozziano 146 is 13 C.

BgI.2. Bertoni, Giulio. 'Un nuovo frammento del Tesoretto' Studij Romanzi 12 (1915), 211-16.
Notes that MS P (Ba.13) is copied from M (Ba.10). Wiese and Pozzi omit P.

BgI.3. °Cart, Thomas. 'Sopra alcuni codici del Tesoretto di ser BL'. Giornale di Filologia Romanza (1881), 105.11.
Important discussion of manuscripts. Uses siglum Q for Brescia, B (Ba.5).

BgI.4. Contini, Gianfranco. 'Esperienza d'un antologista del Duecento poetico italiano'. In SPCT: Convegno di Studi di Filologia italiana del Centennario della Commissione per i testi di lingua (7-9 aprile, 1960). Bologna: Carducci, 1961. Collezione di Opere Inedite o Rare 123. Pp. 241-72.
Notes problem with Tesoretto, but not realizing that the best manuscript not used for editions C.46, 55, 73. Notes Brussels MS clearer, p. 264, but regards Riccardiano as oral (a term which is not clearly defined) and fundamental, all other MSS in opposition to it and corrupt.

BgI.5. Costa, Elio. 'Il "Tesoretto" di BL e la tradizione allegorica medievale'. In Dante e le forme dell'allegoresi. A cura di Michelangelo Picone. Ravenna: Longo, 1987.

BgI.6. D'Ancona, Alessandro. Note on Brussels, Bibliothèque Albert Ier 14614-14616. RBLI 2 (1894), 43-45.
Describes MS, says hand is like Trivulzian MS of ser Francesco di ser Nardi de Barberino, observes that Wiese (C.46) omitted it from edition because he had only worked with MSS in Italian libraries. Wiese rectifies this in second edition (C.55). Pozzi also includes it.

BgI.7. Marchesini, Umberto. Note on Brussels MS. BSDI, n.s. 1 (1894), 143.
Notes that Brussels Tesoretto F1 (Ba.3) is related to Corsiniano MS C2 (Ba.8)), having the same Dante commentaries (Jacopo Alighieri and Busone da Gubbio), that it is written by ser Francesco di ser Nardi de Barberino, a facsimile of whose hand is published in BgI.8.

BgI.8. Marchesini, Umberto. 'Dante "del Cento"'. BSDI 2-3 (settembre 1890), 42.

BgI.9. Mezzanotte, Gabriella. 'Contributo alla biografia di Federigo Ubaldini (1610-1657). IMU 23 (1979), 485-503.
Interesting for Ubaldini's editions of BL's Tesoretto (C.10) and ser Francesco de ser Neri de Barberino Documenti d'amore (LaII), partly in honour of Cardinal Francesco Barberini whose secretary he was. Tesoretto edition discussed, p. 485. Ubaldini carefully annoted Commedia MS Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica, Barberino. lat. 3999.

BgI.10. Mostra di codici romanzi delle Biblioteche fiorentine. VIII Congresso internazionale di Studi romanzi (3-8 aprile, 1956). Firenze: Sansoni, 1957.
P. 18 on Laurentian Library, Strozziano 146 (Aa.1).

*BgI.11. Mussafia, Adolfo. LGRP 5 (1884), 24 ff.
Proposes corrections and emendations to Wiese (C.46). Wiese observes these in C.55.

BgI.12. Palermo, Francesco. I Manoscritti palatini di Firence ordinati ed esposti. Firenze: Biblioteca Palatina, 1853.
I.687-695, 694, believed Tesoretto written to Charles.

BgI.13. Petrucci, Armando. Catalogo sommario dei manoscritti del fondo Rossi. Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 1977. Pp. 4-5.
Describes C2 (Ba.8).

*BgI.14. Picci, Giuseppe. Nuovi studj filologici sul testo del 'Tesoretto' di BL. Brescia: Venturini, 1854-55.
On MS B. Unobtainable in America, Florence, Rome. Cited Wiese (C.46), p. 236.

*BgI.15. Sicardi, Enrico. 'Il Tesoretto di BL'. Cultura, 1-11 (1910).
Cited, Mattalía (E).

BgI.16. Wiese, Berthold. Jahresbericht der Städtischen Oberreaschule zu Halle a. S. Schuljahr, 1893-94.
Discusses, p. 35, 'Ein neues Tesorettobruchstück', cod. it. fol. 150, 14 C, 2 columns, 48 verses, rubricated, collated with others, then in Königlichen Bibliothek, Berlin. MS now in Kraków, Biblioteca Jagiellońska (Ba.12).

BgI.17. Wiese, Berthold. Über die Sprache des 'Tesoretto' Brunetto Latino's. Inaugural Dissertation ze 14. Feb. 1883, Berlin.
Discusses, from information given him by Tommaso Casini of Florence supposed M2 (Magl. II.III.335, 15 C, fol. 28), as containing 16 verses of Tesoretto, which it does not. This address is essentially the preface to his edition. In Wiese's second edition of Tesoretto (C.55), he states that the Madrid fragment was discussed in Wurzbach's review (which he attributes to Gaspary) of Mario Schiff (BgIII), although Schiff does not mention Tesoretto. Wurzbach appears to have confused Tesoro and Tesoretto.


BgII. Li Livres dou Tresor

Chabaille (C.39) and Carmody (C.63) present the two major editions, their introductions discussing editorial problems. The projected Minckwitz edition was never completed: see BgI, G. Julia Bolton Holloway presented a census of the manuscripts, 1986, 1993 (Da), that is ongoing. For studies of the miniatures see
Alison Stones, The Illustrations of the Tresor to c. 1320 (Ib), Brigitte Roux (Ib).


BgII.1. °Baldwin, Spurgeon. 'BL's Trésor: Approaching the End of an Era'. La Corónica 14 (1986), 177-93.
On Chabaille, Carmody editions.

BgII.2. Beltrami, Pietro G. 'Appunti su vicende del "Tresor": composizione, letture, riscritture'. In L'enciclopedismo medievale. A cura di Michelangelo Picone. Ravenna: Longo Editore, 1994. Pp. 311-328.
Believes Dante read Tresor, not Tesoro, does not believe 2nd redaction, BL's. Good on sources, bibliography.

BgII.3. Beltrami, Pietro. 'Una nuova edizione del "Tresor"'. A scuola con Ser Brunetto, ed. Maffia Scariati (Db.4), 565-580.
Announces then forthcoming publication of edition based on Verona MS.

BgII.4. Beltrami, Pietro. 'Per il testo del Tresor: Appunti sull'edizione di F.J. Carmody'. Annali dell Scuola Normale superiore di Pisa, ser 3, 18:3 (1988), 961-1009.
Detailed essay in preparation for edition of Verona Tresor MS. Notes that Carmody's edition 'è avarissima di varianti'.

BgII.5. Beltrami, Pietro G. 'Tre schede sul Tresor (1. Il sistema delle scienze e la struttura del Tresor. - 2. Tresor e Tesoretto. - 3. Appunti sulla ricezione del Tre­sor)', Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, ser. 3, 23 (1993), 115-190.
Believes Tesoretto addressed to Charles of Anjou, p. 137. Discusses structure and sources of Tresor. Notes MSS, K, A, B, D2, M2, having spurious chapter on invention of money. Carefully collates Tresor MSS. His edition to concentrate on 'settentrionale' MSS of Tresor.


BgII.6. Bibliothèque de la ville d'Arras: Manuscripts. Ed. Sir Thomas Phillips and Benedictine monks of Karlsruhe and Quicherat. Arras: Courtin, 1860.
Describes A6 (BbI.7).

BgII.7. Bolton Holloway, Julia. 'Biblioteche e archivi: manoscritti e documenti di Brunetto Latino. Una Proposta perr las loro digitazzazione come edizione internazionale'. A scuola con Ser Brunetto, ed. Maffia Scariati (Db), 535-546.
Argues for need to combine study in libraries and archives.

BgII.8. Bradley, John Williams. A Dictionary of Miniaturists, Illuminators, Calligraphers and Copyists. London: Quaritch, 1887-1889. 3 vols.

*BgII.9. Brayer, Edith. 'Notice du manuscrit; Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale français 1109'. Mélanges dédiés à la mémoire de Félix Grat. 2 vols. Paris, 1946-49. II.237-40.
Lists manuscripts. Cited, Stones.

BgII.10. Camus, Giulio. 'Alcuni frammenti in antico piccardo dell'Etica di Aristotile compendiato da BL'. Memorie della Regia Accademia di Scienze, lettere ed arte in Modena, ser. 2, vol. 7 (1890), 1-57.
On EE (BbI.84).

BgII.11. Camus, Giulio. Codici francesi della Regia Biblioteca Estense. Modena: Tipi della Società Tipografica, 1889.
On EE (BbI.84).

BgII.12. °Capasso, O. 'Di un presunto originale del 'Livres dou Tresor' di Brunetto Latini. Biblioteca Civica di Bergamo, Bolletino 2 (1908), 252-263.
On B7 (BbI.14).

BgII.13. Carmody, Francis J. 'BL's Tresor: A Geneaology of 43 MSS'. ZRP 56 (1936), 93-99.
Discusses MSS relationships. Considers L'etica extract is from Giamboni. Will later disprove ascription of Tesoro translation to Giamboni.

BgII.14. Carmody, Francis J. 'Genealogy of the MSS of the Tresor'. ZRP 60 (1940), 78-81.
Gives stemma. Speaks of 'poor' edition by Chabaille.

BgII.15. Carmody, Francis J. 'The Revised Version of BL's Tresor'. It 12 (1935), 146-47.
Discusses Tresor stemma.

BgII.16. Catálogo de los manuscritos franceses y provencales de la Biblioteca de El Escorial. Ed. Arturo García de la Fuente, Madrid: Tipografia de Archivos, 1933.
On M3 (BbI.46).

BgII.17. Catalogue général des manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France. Paris: Sainte Geneviève. Paris: Plon, 1898. II.286-87.

°BgII.18. Dibden, Thomas Frognall. Bibliotheca Spenceriana or a Descriptive Catalogue of the Books Printed in the Fifteenth Century and of many valuable first editions in the Library of George John Earl Spencer, Vol. IV.70-73, #800. London: Longman, 1815; rprt, Elibron Classics, 2003.
Excellent discussion of Li Livres dou Tresor Vatican MS (
BbI.61. R5) and of Tesoro Treviso, 1474 editio princeps (C.2.)

°BgII.19. Giola, Marco. 'Tra cultura scolastica e divulgazione enciclopedica: un volgarizzamento del "Trésor" in compilazioni tardomedievali'. Rivista di Letteratura italiana 1 (2006), 21-49.
Studies Fioretta della Bibbia, MS Riccardiana 1265, fols. 89-129, *Fiore novello (editio princeps, Venezia, 1473), as derived from Tresor. Rare book results in a miller's execution for heresy. But see ascription of Fiore novello to Francesco da Barberino, BL's student.

BgII.19.Rev. Arvigo, Tiziana. RBLI ser. 10, 103:2 (1999), 464-66.

BgII.20. *Jung, Marc-René. La légende de Troie en France au moyen age. Analyse des versions françaises et bibliographie raisonnée des manuscrits. Basel/Tubingen: Francke Verlag, 1996. Pp. 431-435.
Notes that
fragments interpolated in Berne, Burgerbibl., 98, are part of the Chronique dite de Baudouin d'Avesnes and likewise that manuscript Z4 (Strasbourg, Bibl. de l'Université, 519, BbI.77) is not a fragment of Book II of the Tresor but a fragment of the Rifacimento to Chronique dite de Baudouin d'Avesnes. Florent Noirefalise.

*BgII.21. Lauchert, F. 'Bruchstück einer Bearbeitung des Trésor des BL'. ZRP 13 (1889), 300-307.
On Z4 (BbI.77) Strasbourg fragment.

BgII.22. Lemaire, L. 'La Vieille Franc-Maçonnerie Dunkerqoise - La Trinité - L'Ordre du Temple'.  Bulletin de l'Union Faulconnier Societé Historique et Archéologique de Dunkerque  et de la Flandre Maritime 27 (1930), pp. 100-101.
On Dunkerque Tresor MS, observed to contain illuminations of Knights of Jerusalem, given to first French Lodge by John, Duke of Montague, Grand Master of London, 13 October 1721. On D4 (BbI.24).

BgII.23. L'Hermite, Julien.  'Le joyau de la bibliothèque de Dunkerque, un manuscrit du Trésor de Brunetto Latini', Mémoires de la Societé Dunkerquoise 40 (1904), 155-162. On D4 (BbI.24).

*BgII.24. Manzoni, G. 'Saggio di una edizione dell'originale francese inedito del Tesoro di BL'. Rivista enciclopedica italiana 5 (1856), 501-14.
Edits first chapter of Torino MS. Cited, Beltrami 'Per il testo del Tresor' (BgII), p. 961.

*BgII.25. Marinis, Tammaro da. La Biblioteca Napoletana dei Re d'Aragon. Milano: Hoepli, 1952.
Li Livres dou Tresor given to Carlo d'Angiò may have been shipwrecked with library of Roberto d'Angiò, 1421.

BgII.26. Martin, Henry. Catalogue des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal. Paris: Plon, 1887. III.72-73.
On A (BbI.1).

BgII.27. Martin, Henry. Bibliothèque Nationale. Catalogue des manuscrits français. Paris: Didot, 1868.

BgII.27.a.
Michael A. Michael. 'Towards a Hermeneutics of the Manuscript: The Physical and Metaphysical Journeys of Paris, BNF, MS fr 571'. Freedom of Movement in the Middle Ages. Ed. Peregrine Horden. Donnington: Shaun Tyas, 2007.
On creation of MS P for wedding of Philippa of Hainault to Edward III.

BgII.28. °Minckwitz, M.J. 'Notice de quelques manuscrits du Tresor de Brunet Latin'. R 38 (1909), 111-19.
Discusses Berne fragments
F3, F4 (BbI.29, BbI.30). Beginning of uncompleted project. Langlois (G) initially announced that Minckwitz would carry out new edition, then retracted that statement in his second edition. 

BgII.29. Miola, A. Notizie di MSS neolatini della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, 1895. I.2-3.
On E (BbI.25).

BgII.30. Morel-Fatio, Alfred. 'Deux manuscrits Gonzague'. R 10 (1881), 232-33.
Discusses communications from Sundby and Mussafia concerning his catalogue of the Gonzaga library, which notes that Gonzaga 14 is of a BL Tresor and that 19 became Palatina 2585, Vienna. This may also be a BL MS.

BgII.31. Pfister-Langannay, Christian. 'Les manuscrits de la Bibliothèque municipale de Dunkerque: quelques mises a point'. Revue du Nord: Histoire et Archèologie nord de la France, Belgique, Pay-Bas 65 (1983), 673-682.
Notes Julien l'Hermite writing on significant unique variants in this MS, lost in a fire in 1929, and its three illuminations 'd'une exécution infiniment supérieures à celle des manuscrits de Saint-Omer, d'Amiens, de Rouen, et de Rennes, sinon de Carpentras'. On D4 (BbI.24).

*BgII.32. Dawn E. Prince. 'Textual History of Li Livres dou Tresor: Fitting the Pieces Together'. Manuscripta 37 (1993), 176-89.

*BgII.33. Rossi, Aldo. 'Quadrilatero metodologico: spigolature dantesche e retoriche alla Butler Library'. Da Dante a Leonardo.[?] 1999. Pp. VIII-XIV.

BgII.34/Ib7. °Roux, Brigitte.
L'iconographie du Livre dou Tresor: Diversité des cycles Proceedings: The City and the Book, The Manuscripts, the Miniatures, Florence, 2002. http://www.florin.ms/beth5.html#roux Cited as Roux,1.

BgII.35. °Roux, Brigitte. Mondes en Miniatures: L'iconographie du Livre dou Tresor de Brunetto Latini. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 2011. Cited as Roux, 2.
Comprehensive study of illuminated Tresor MSS.

BgII.36. Scalon, Cesare. Libri, scuole e cultura nel Friuli medievale: 'Membre Disiecta' dell'Archivio di Stato di Udine, Padova: Antenore, 1987.
Pp. 209-213, Table LIX, reproducing fol. 14v of UU (BbI.85).

BgII.37. °Segre-Amar, Sion. 'Su un codice parigino del Tresor'. Studi francesi 71 (1980), 256-261.
Of greatest use in listing and identifying Tresor MSS.

BgII.38/Ib8.
°Stones, M. Alison. The Illustrations of the Tresor to c. 1320 Proceedings: The City and the Book, The Manuscripts, the Miniatures, Florence, 2002. http://www.florin.ms/beth5.html#stones

BgII.39. °Thomas, Antoine. 'Les Manuscrits français et provençaux des ducs de Milan au château de Pavie'. R 40 (1911), 571-607.
Discusses Thesaurus pauperum, p. 589. See also Lenormant (C.27), p. 317.

BgII.40. °Torri, Plinio. 'Sulla tradizione manoscritta del Tresor: I codici Vat. Lat. 3203 e Vat. Reg. 1320'. Rivista di Letteratura Italiana X.1-2 (1992), 255-279.
Careful collation of MSS.

BgII.41. °Vielliard, F. 'La tradition manuscrite du "Livre dou Tresor" de BL mise au point'. R 111 (1990), 141-152.
Adds MSS fragments.

More attention is now being paid to manuscripts that emanate from northern France, particularly from the area around Arras in Artois (Stones, Roux, Ib). Carmody designates many manuscripts as written in Picardian dialect. Often these MSS dating from the 13 C are written in Italian hands. The sixteenth-century Antiquités d'Arras mentions the presence of Lombards and usurers in the city. To this day notary offices are outside the gate of the Abbaye de St.-Vaast. The MSS show evidence of being associated with both the Italian notarial community and the monastic community. See Ke.1-5 MS. A glance at C.64 demonstates what a strong centre of culture Arras was in the thirteenth century, with Jean Bodel, p. 43, 'Courtois d'Arras', p. 110, Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion, p. 159. Art historians are working on these BL Picardian MSS,
particularly by Alison Stones, Brigitte Roux. Future editions should choose a base text in that dialect, written in the Bolognan libraria of BL's workshop, not one from the Paris region. Chabaille's BbI   is Ile de France, Carmody's BbI   correctly Picardian, but not one of the best MSS of this group.


BgIII. Il tesoro

The prefaces to the editions by Carrer (C.26), Sorio (C.34, C.35), De Visiani (C.43), Gaiter (C.44), discuss editing problems. Cecchi/Sapegno (E) give a facsimile page of Il tesoro, Riccardiano 2221, fol. 50, 13 C (BbII.42), which shows a hand very similar to Laurentian Library, Strozziano 146 (Ba.1), the Bolognan libraria seen in so many BL MSS.

BgIII.1. Bertelli, Sandro. 'Tipologie librarie e scritture nei più antichi codici fiorentini di Ser Brunetto'. A scuola con Ser Brunetto, ed. Maffia Scariati (Db.4), 213-253.
Most recent, important updating of BL MSS in Italian, apart from list by David Napolitano.

BgIII.2. Bertelli, Timotheo. 'Studi storici intorno alla bussola nautica'. Memorie della Pontifica Accademia dei Nuovi Lincei 9 (1893), 125-27, 129, 153.
Excellent on manuscript recension. Says that only Laur. Ashb. 125, Q2 (BbI.56) gets material on nautical