. . . IN LA MENTE M'E FITTA, E OR M'ACCORA,The tomb of Brunetto Latino, Dante's teacher, a column, is now in the chapel to the left in Santa Maria Maggiore. It used to be among the tombs beneath the sculpture of the Annunciation, formerly on the exterior wall of Santa Reparata, now on the Duomo wall by the Giotto Tower, which demarked the burials of the members of the Compagnia dei Laudesi of Otsanmichele. Brunetto's Tesoretto and Tesoro are used by Dante throughout his Commedia,.and these sculptures in Purgatorio X.
LA CARA E BVONA IMAGINE PATERNA
DI VOI, QVANDO NEL MONDO AD ORA AD ORA
M'INSEGNAVATE COME L'VOM S'ETERNA!
. . . in my mind ia fixed, and touches now
My heart the dear and good paternal image
Of you when in the world from hour to hour
You taught me how a man becomes eternal.
GIANFIGLIAZZIMap 2C, Parrini XXVIII, Tassinari XXVIII. In Borgo SS. Apostoli, 6 nero, on the Buondelmonte palace. Oral reading 3 ♫
. . . COM’IO RIGVARDANDO TRA LOR VEGNO,
IN VNA BORSA GIALLA VIDI AZZVRRO
CHE D'VN LEONE AVEA FACCIA E CONTEGNO
And as I gazing round me come among them,
Upon a yellow pouch I azure saw
That had the face and posture of a lion.
O BVONDELMONTE . . . . . .Map 3C, Parrini XXVI, Tassinari XXVI. In Borgo SS. Apostoli, 4 rosso, sulla Torre dei Baldovinetti. Oral reading 4 ♫
MOLTI SAREBBER LIETE, CHE SON TRISTI,
SE DIO T'AVESSE CONCEDVTO AD EMA
LA PRIMA VOLTA CH'A CITTÀ VENISTI.
O Buondelmonte . . .
Many would be rejoicing who are sad,
If God had surrendered thee to the Ema
The first time that thou camest to the city.
GIA ERAN GUALTEROTTI ED IMPORTUNIMap 3C, Parrini XXVII, Tassinari XXVII. In Por S. Maria, 11 rosso, on the Amidei tower. Oral reading 5 ♫
E ANCOR SARIA BORGO PIU QUIETO
SE DI NOVI VICIN FOSSER DIGIUNI
Already were Gualterotti ed Importuni
And still more quiet would the Borgo be
If with new neighbours it remained unfed
AMIDEIMap 3C, Parrini XXIX, Tassinari XXIX. On the PONTE VECCHIO, where was the statue of Mars. Oral reading 6 ♫
LA CASA DI CHE NACQVE IL VOSTRO FLETO,
PER LO GIVSTO DISDEGNO CHE V'HA MORTI,
E PVOSE FINE AL VOSTRO VIVER LIETO,
ERA ONORATA, ESSA E SVOI CONSORTI.
The house from which is born your lamentation,
Through just disdain that death among you brought
And put an end to your joyous life
As honoured in itself and its companions.
. . . CONVENIASI A QVELLA PIETRA SCEMA,Map 3C, Parrini IV, Tassinari IV. On the PONTE VECCHIO beneath the Vasari Corridor. Oral reading 7 ♫
CHE GVARDA IL PONTE, CHE FIORENZA FESSE
VITTIMA NELLA SVA PACE POSTREMA
But it beloved the mutilated statuer
Which guards the bridge, that Florence should provide
A victim in her latest hour of peace.
. . . IN SVL PASSO D'ARNOTassinari X. [Beyond map] In via San Salvatore al Monte, at the beginning of the stairs. Oral reading 8 ♫
. . . on the pass of Arno
. . . PER SALIRE AL MONTE
DOVE SIEDE LA CHIESA CHE SOGGIOGO
LA BEN GVIDATA SOPRA RVBACONTE,
SI ROMPE DEL MONTAR L'ARDITA FOGA,
PER LE SCALEE, CHE SI FERO AD ETADE
CH'ERA SICVRO IL QUADERNO E LA DOGA.
PURG XII.100-105Beyond map. In Piazza San Salvi, on the church, with stemmi of Florence and of the Donati, in reference to Corso Donati and his violence. Oral reading 9 ♫
"Or va", diss'el, "chè quei che più n'ha colpa,Tassinari XI. Beyond map. In Piazza Piave on the Arno, on the tower of the old ZECCA where Florence's florin was minted. Europe's first euro. Oral reading 10 ♫
vegg'io a coda d'una bestia tratto
inver la valle oue mai non si scolpa.
La bestia ad ogni passo va più ratto
crescendo sempre, finch'ella il percuote,
e lascia il corpo vilmente disfatto.
PURG XXIV. 81-86
PER MEZZA TOSCANA SI SPAZIAMap 2D, Parrini XXIII, Tassinari XXIII. In Borgo dei Greci, 29, where there had been a small gate in the first city wall. This was the quarter where the Greek Orthodox delegates to Florence's Renaissance Ecumenical Council were lodged. For their portraits see the Benozzo Gozzoli frescoes in the later Medici Palace's chapel. Oral reading 11 ♫
UN FIUMICEL CHE NASCE IN FALTERONA,
E CENTO MIGLIA DI CORSO NOL SAZIA
PURG XIV. 16-18
NEL PICCIOL CERCHIO S'ENTRAVA PER PORTAMap 2D, Parrini III, Tassinari III. In PALAZZO VECCHIO, in the first courtyard. Farinata, though Ghibelline, counsels against the Sienese destroying Florence and her Peopleì's Palace after the Battle of Montaperti. His daughter Beatrice will be married to Cavalcanti's son, Guido, at the Peace of Cardinal Latino, made between the Guelf and Ghibelline families so they could take common cause against the tyranny of King Charles of Anjou. Oral reading 12 ♫
CHE SI NOMAVA DA QVE' DELLA PERA.
One entered the small circuit by a gate
Which from the Della Pera took its name.
PAR XVI. 125-126
FV'IO SOL COLÀ DOVE SOFFERTOMap 2D. Parrini XIX, Tassinari XIX. In PALAZZO VECCHIO, in the first courtyard. Oral reading 13 ♫
FV PER CIASCVN DI TORRE VIA FIORENZA
COLVI CHE LA DIFESI A VISO APERTO.
But then I was alone, where every one
Consented to the laying waste of Florence,
He who defended her with open face.
INF X. 90-92
OH QUALI IO VIDI QUEI CHE CON DISFATTIMap 2D, Parrini XXX, Tassinari XXX. In PALAZZO VECCHIO, in the first courtyard. Oral reading 14♫
PER LOR SUPERBIA.
VID'IO FIORENZA IN SÌ FATTO RIPOSOMap 2D, Parrini II, Tassinari II. In via Calzaioli, 11 rosso, on the Cavalcanti palace. Oral reading 15 ♫
CHE NON AVEA CAGIONE ONDE PIANGESSE;
CON QVESTE GENTI VID'IO GLORIOSO
E GIVSTO IL POPOL SUO, TANTO CHE IL GIGLIO
NON ERA AD ASTA MAI POSTO A RITROSO
NE' PER DIVISION FATTO VERMIGLIO.
Florence behold I in so great repose
That no occasion had she whence to weep
With all these families beheld so just
And glorious her people, that the lily
Not by division was vermilion made
CAVALCANTIMap 2D, Parrini XVIII, Tassinari XVIII. In via dei Tavolini, corner of via dei Cerchi, where was the Galigai palace. Oral reading 16 ♫
. . . SE PER QVESTO CIECO
CARCERE VAI PER ALTEZZA D'INGEGNO,
MIO FIGLIO OV'E? PERCHE NON È TECO?
ED IO A LVI DA ME STESSO NON VEGNO
COLVI CVI GVIDO VOSTRO EBBE A DISDEGNO.
. . . If through this blind
Prison thou goest by loftiness of genius,
Where is my son? And why is he not with thee?
And I to him "I could not of myself,
He who is waiting yonder leads me here,
Whom in disdain perhaps your Guido had".
INF X, 58-63
GALIGAIMap 2D, Parrini IX, Tassinari IX. In via dei Tavolini, 8, on the remains of the Abati palace. Oral reading 17 ♫
. . . ED AVEA GALIGAIO
DORATA IN CASA SVA GIA L'ELSA E'L POME.
. . . already Galigaio
Had hilt and pommel gilded in the house.
ABATEMap 2D, Parrini XXV, Tassinari XXV. In via dei Cerchi, via dei Tavolini, where was the Della Bella palace. Oral reading 18 ♫
PIANGENDO MI SGRIDO PERCHÉ MI PESTI?
SE TV NON VIENI A CRESCER LA VENDETTA
DI MONTAPERTI, PERCHÉ MI MOLESTE?
. . .
. . . VN ALTRO GRIDO - CHE HAI TV, BOCCA?
NON TI BASTA SONAR COLLE MASCELLE
SE TV NON LATRI? QUAL DIAVOL TI TOCCA?!
When cried another "What doth ail thee, Bocca?
Is't not enought to clatter with thy jaws,
But thou must bark? What devil touches thee?
INF XXXII.79-81, 106-108
CIASCVN CHE DELLA BELLA INSEGNA PORTAMap 2D, Parrini XIV, Tassinari XIV. In via Dante Alighieri, 1, at the BADIA church. Oral reading 19 ♫
DEL GRAN BARONE . . .
. . .
DA ESSO EBBE MILIZIA E PRIVILEGIO
AVVEGNA CHE CON POPOL SI RAVNI
OGGI COLVI CHE LA FASCIA COL FREGIO.
Each one that bears the beautiful ecutcheon
Of the great barone . . .
. . .
Knighthood and privilege from him received;
Though with the populace unites himself;
Today the man who binds it with a border.
PAR XVI. 127-128, 130-132
FIORENZA DENTRO DALLA CERCHIA ANTICA,Map 2D, Parrini VIII, Tassinari VIII. In via Dante Alighieri, 2, CASA DI DANTE, at Dante's birthplace. Oral reading 20 ♫
OND'ELLA TOGLIE ANCORA E TERZA E NONA,
SI STAVA IN PACE, SOBRIA E PVDICA.
Florence, within the ancient boundary
From which she taketh still her tierce and nones,
Abode in quiet, temperate and chaste.
PAR XV. 97-99
. . . I' FVI NATO E CRESCIVTOMap 2D. On the TORRE DELLA CASTAGNA, Piazza San Martino where Brunetto Latino, Dante Alighieri and Francesco da Barberino all served as Priors, Dante, during his two month term of office, exiling his friend, Guido Cavalcanta and their violent enemy Corso Donati, Guido dying of fever in that exile.
SOVRA 'L BEL FIVME ARNO ALLA GRAN VILLA.
. . . Born was I and grew up
In the great town on the fair River of Arno.
INF XXIII, 94-95
Chiesa di San Martino, BUONUOMINI DI SAN MARTINO with the Ghirlandaio Seven Acts of Mersy 1. Feed the Hungry, 2. Give drink to the Thirsty, 3. Clothe the Naked, 4. Shelter the Pilgtim, 5. Visit the Sick 6. Visit the Prisoner, 7. Bury the Dead, these mirroring the earlier scenes in the roundels of the Madonna della Misericordia fresco, now in the Bigallo..
E chiamoronsi Priori dell'Arti eMap 1D, Parrini XXIV, Tassinari XXIV. In via del Proconsolo, BADIA, 17 rosso. Oral reading 21 ♫
stettono rinchiusi nella torre della
Castagna appresso alla Badia,
acciò non temessono le minacce
DINO COMPAGNI, CRONICA
Map 1D, Parrini XV, Tassinari XV. In via del Corso, via del Proconsolo, where the Ravignani palace stood. Oral reading 22 ♫
VGO DI TOSCANA
CIASCVN CHE DELLA BELLA INSEGNA PORTA
DEL GRAN BARONE, IL CVI NOME E'L CVI PREGIO
LA FESTA DI TOMMASO RICONFORTA
DA ESSO EBBE MILIZIA E PRIVILEGIO.
Each one that bears the beautiful escutcheon
Of the great barn whose renown and name
The festival of Thomas keepeth fresh
Knighthood and privilege from him received.
In 1255 the Primo Popolo of the City of Florence pridefully placed this plaque [Map 2D] on the front wall of the BARGELLO, its words written by Dante's teacher, Brunetto Latino. That pride would be undone at the Battle of Montaperti, 1260, and Brunetto exiled in Spain and France.
♫ +SUMMALEXANDER S[AN]C[TU]SQUE[M] MVNDVS ADORAT
CV[M] PASTOR MV[N]DI REGNABA[N]T REX[QVE] GVIELMVS.
ET CV[M] VIR SPLENDE[N]S ORNATVS NOBILITATE
DE MEDIOLANO DE TVRRI SIC ALAMANNVS
VRBEM FLORENTE[M] GAVDENTI CORDE REGEBAT
MENIA TVNC FECIT VIR CO[N]STA[N]S ISTA FVTVRIS.
QVI PREERAT P[O]P[V]LO FLORENTI BARTHOLOMEVS
MA[N]TVA QVEM GENVIT COGNOMINE DENVVVLONO
FVLGENTE[M] SENSV CLARV[M] PROBITATE REFVLTUM
QUE[M] SIGNA[N]T AQVILE REDDV[N]T SVA SIGNA DECORVM
INSIGNVM P[O]P[V]LI QUOD CO[N]FERT GAVDIA VITE
ILLIS QVI CVPIVNT VRBEM CONSVRGERE CELO
The BARGELLO also kept the LIBRO DEL CHIODO in which Dante was condemned to exile and death three times. It is now stored in the Archivio di Stato in Piazza Beccaria.QVAM FOVEAT [CHRISTV]S CO[N]SERVET FEDERE PACIS
EST QVIA CV[N]CTORUM FLORENTIA PLENA BONORV[M].
HOSTES DEVICIT BELLO MAGNO[QUE] TVMVLTV
GAVDET FORTVNA SIGNIS POPVLO[QUE] POTENTI
FIRMAT EMIT FERVENS STERNIT NV[N]C CASTRA SALVTE
QVE MARE QVE TERRA[M] QUE TOTV[M] POSSIDET ORBEM.
PER QVAM REGNANTE[M] FIT FELIX TVSCIA TOTA
TA[M]QUA[M] ROMA SEDET SEMPER DVCTVRA TRIVMPHOS.
OMNIA DISCERNIT CERTO SVB IVRE CONHERCENS
ANNIS MILLENIS BIS CENTVM STANTIBUS ORBE
PENTA DECEM IVNCTIS [CHRIST]I SVB NOMINE QVIN[QUE]
CUM TRINA DECIMA TVNC TE[M]PORIS INDITIONE.
which Dante will echo in the Ulysses canto, Inferno XXVI
Godi, Fiorenza, poi che se' sì grande 1
che per mare e per terra batti l'ali,
e per lo 'nferno tuo nome si spande! .
After Dante's death in exile in Ravenna, 1321, his fellow student Francesco da Barberino, had this scene frescoed with Dante Alighieri, Corso Donati, Brunetto Latino, Bishop Anontio Orso, with himself kneeling in front of his now dead fellow student, their teacher and his former patrons in the Masddalena Chapel of the Bargello. At the same time Francesco commissioned the tomb by Tino da Camaino for the Bishop Antonio Orso in the Duomo. Francesco would carefully rehabilitate Dante's memory in Florence, seeing to it that a hundred manuscripts of the Commedia issued from his Florentine publishing house, two of which he signed himself
BELLINCION BERTI VID'IO ANDAR CINTOMap 1D, Parrini XVII, Tassinari XVII. In via del Corso, 4 rosso, where the Cerchi palace stood. Oral reading 23 ♫
DI CVOIO E D'OSSO, E VENIR DALLO SPECCHIO
LA DONNA SVA SANZA IL VISO DIPINTO.
Bellincion Berti saw I go begirt
With leather and with bone, and from the mirror
His dame depart without a painted face.
LA PORTA, CH'AL PRESENTE E CARCAMap 1D, Parrini XIII, Tassinari XIII. In via del Corso, 6, where the Portinari palace stood. Oral reading 24♫
DI NUOVA FELLONIA, DI TANTO PESO,
CHE TOSTO FIA IATTVRA DELLA BARCA.
. . . the gate that is at present laden
With a new felony of so much weight
That soon it shall be jetsam from the bark.
PAR XVI. 94-96
PORTINARIMap 1D, Parrini XII, Tassinari XII. In via del Corso, 31, rosso, on the remains of the Donati tower. Oral reading 25 ♫
SOVRA CANDIDO VEL , CINTA D'ULIVA,
DONNA M'APPARVE SOTTO VERDE MANTO
VESTITA DEL COLOR DI FIAMMA VIVA.
Over her snow-white veil with olive cinct
Appeared a lady under a green mantle
Vested in colour of the living flame.
DONATIMap 1D, Parrini I, Tassinari I. In via del Corso, 18, where the Adimari palace stood. Oral reading 26 ♫
. . . IL LVOGO, V' FVI A VIVER POSTO
DI GIORNO IN GIORNO PIV' DI BEN SI SPOLPA,
ED A TRISTA RVINA PAR DISPOSTO.
. . . QVEI CHE PIV' N'HA COLPA
VEGG'IO A CODA D'VNA BESTIA TRATTO
IN VER LA VALLE OVE MAI NON SI SCOLPA".
The place where I was set to live
From day to day of good is more depleted
And unto dismal ruin seems ordained
. . .him most guilty of it
At a beast's tial behold I dragged along
Towards the valley where is no repentance.
GLI ANTICHI MIEI ED IO NACQVI NEL LOCOMap 2C, Parrini XX, Tassinari 20. In via Lamberti, 20 rosso, where the Lamberti palace stood. Oral reading 28 ♫
DOVE SI TRVOVA PRIA L'VLTIMO SESTO
DA QVEL CHE CORRE IL VOSTRO ANNVAL GIVOCO.
My ancestors and I our birthplace had
Where first is found the last ward of the city
By him who runneth in your annual game.
LAMBERTIMap 1D. In via delle Oche. Oral reading 29 ♫
. . . E LE PALLE DELL'ORO
FIORIAN FIORENZA IN TVTT'I SVOI GRAN FATTI.
. . . and how the balls of gold
Florence enflowered in all their mighty deeds.
. . . NON DEE PARER MIRABIL COSAMap 1D, Parrini XXI, Tassinari XXI. In via della Oche, 20 rosso, on the remains of the Visdomini tower. Oral reading 30 ♫
CIO CH'IO DIRO DELLI ALTRI FIORENTINI,
ONDE E LA FAMA NEL TEMPO NASCOSA
VISDOMINIMap 1D, Parrini XXII, Tassinari XXII. In via delle Oche, 19, where the Adimari Cavicciuoli palace stood. Oral reading 31 ♫
COSI FACIENO I PADRI DI COLORO
CHE, SEMPRE CHE LA CHIESA VOSTRA - VACA,
SI FANNO GRASSI, STANDO A CONSISTORO.
So likewise did the ancestors of those
Who evermore, when vacant is your curch,
Fatten by staying in consistory
L'OLTRACOTATA SCHIATTA CHE S'INDRACAMap 1D. In Piazza del Duomo, 20. MISERICORDIA, Oral reading 32 ♫
DIETRO A CHI FUGGE, E A CUI MOSTRA IL DENTE
O VER LA BORSA, COM'AGNEL, SI PLACA.
The insolent race that like a dragon, follows
Whoever flees, and smite him that shows
His teeth or purse is gentle as a lamb.
VERGINE MADRE, FIGLIA DEL TUO FIGLIOMap 1D, Parrini VII, Tassinari VII. In Piazza San Giovanni, al BATTISTERO. Oral reading 33 ♫
UMILE E ALTA PIU CHE CREATURA
TERMINE FISSO D'ETERNO CONSIGLIO
TU SE' COLEI CHE L'UMANA NATURA
NOBILITASTI SÌ, CHE IL SUO FATTORE
NON DISDEGNÒ DI FARSI SUA FATTURA.
NEL VENTRE TUO SI RACCESE L'AMORE
PER LO CUI CALDO NELL'ETERNA PACE
COSÌ È GERMINATO QUESTO FIORE
ANNO MARIANO MCMLIV
. . . NEL MIO BEL SAN GIOVANNIMap 1D, Parrini XXXI, Tassinari XXXI. In Piazza San Giovanni, al BATTISTERO. What the baby Dante would have seen at his Baptism on Easter Saturday, 1266. He dates the Commedia from Good Friday through Easter Week, 1300, and has his baptism reflected twice over in the Purgatorio, when Cato has Virgil baptise him, and again when Matelda drags him through the waters. Oral reading 34 ♫
. . . in my beautiful St. John.
SE MAI CONTINGA CHE 'L POEMA SACROMap, Historic Centre of Florence
AL QUALI HA POSTO MANO E CIELO E TERRA
SI CHE M'HA FATTO PER PIU ANNI MACRO,
VINCA LA CRUDELTA CHE FUOR MI SERRA
DEL BELLO OVILE, OV'IO DORMI' AGNELLO
NIMICO AI LUPI, CHE LI DANNO GUERRA,
CON ALTRA VOCE OMAI, CON ALTRO VELLO
RITORNERO POETA, ED IN SUL FONTE
DEL MIO BATTISMO PRENDERO 'L CAPELLO.
If e'er it happens that the Poem Sacred
To which both heaven and earth have set their hand,
So that it many a year hath made me lean,
O'ercome the cruelty that bars me out
From the fair sheepfold, where a lamb I slumbered,
An enemy to the wolves that war upon it.
With other voice forthwith, with other fleece
Poet will I return, and at my font
Baptismal will I take the crown.
PAR XXV. 1-9
Museo ZeffirelliD Bargello
Misericordia Buonuomini di San Martino
C Orsanmichele Arno
Arte della Lana Ponte Vecchio