FLORIN WEBSITE © JULIA BOLTON HOLLOWAYAUREO ANELLO ASSOCIAZIONE, 1997-2017: MEDIEVAL: BRUNETTO LATINO, DANTE ALIGHIERI, SWEET NEW STYLE: BRUNETTO LATINO, DANTE ALIGHIERI, & GEOFFREY CHAUCER || VICTORIAN: WHITE SILENCE: FLORENCE'S 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY || ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING || WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR || FRANCES TROLLOPE || ABOLITION OF SLAVERY || FLORENCE IN SEPIA  || CITY AND BOOK CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII || MEDIATHECA 'FIORETTA MAZZEI' || EDITRICE AUREO ANELLO CATALOGUE || UMILTA WEBSITE || RINGOFGOLD WEBSITE || LINGUE/LANGUAGES: ITALIANO, ENGLISH || VITA
New: Dante vivo || White Silence

Florence's 'English' Cemetery, Piazzale Donatello, 38, 50132 FIRENZE, is open to the public, Mondays, 9:00-12:00, Tuesdays through Fridays, Summers, 3:00-6:00, Winters, 2:00-5:00. It is closed on weekends and holidays. Phone 055 584956

Click Map of Engraving Below:

Cimitero 'degli Inglesi'  italiano
 

THE SWISS-OWNED EVANGELICAL CEMETERY OF FLORENCE

CALLED 'THE ENGLISH CEMETERY'

PIAZZALE DONATELLO, 38, 50132 FIRENZE


Harper's, XLVII (1873) 509, 1860 Engraving of Florence's 'English' Cemetery. These tombs, with one exception, are still in situ.
 
                                                                                                                                  Temple Southwood Smith
Elton         Browne                  Fombelle    Berg  Moore  Smith               Jaffray                           Routh            Somerville  Lumley                  
  BYelverton      CYelverton                      Kellett            Barrett Browning                 Beck           Hart                              Vieusseux
                             Sapte Tighe                                                               Goedke         Golikov                                                      Trotman         Capei
Holt                                                          Kelson                             Levitsky

  
                                                  SouthwoodSmith
        Bourne
                       Berg       Temple Mannerheim       Graham                                  Herbert
                                Kellett BarrettBrowning  OurosoffChute                            Routh
      BYelverton CYelverton    Dik                                                                                      Moore
    Crosbie     Moorhead Unknown                                                                                          Beck
Stibbert
Horner


You can search a particular reference term within this website, http://www.florin.ms, using the search engine below:

Google
Search WWW Search www.florin.ms

We are a member of the Association of Significant Cemeteries in Europe (ASCE):  
and are participating in the EU funded European Cemetery Route. These files are
being prepared for the UNESCO Memory of the World Nomination proposal, for the
European Cemetery Route and for the Florin website on Florence and the 'English'
Cemetery. It will be possible for visitors to the Cemetery to download these files on
to their memory sticks, etc.


This essay is linked to files, of use to scholars, genealogists and relatives, giving the complete registry of the tombs in the so-called English Cemetery in Florence and the Cimitero agli Allori, just outside Florence, opened in 1877 when the 'English Cemetery' was closed for burials:

Most recent and complete files, in Italian, compiled for the Italian Ministry, the Belle Arti, are to be found at

http://www.florin.ms/WhiteSilence.html

http://www.florin.ms/ChapterFirst.html     The Cemetery's History
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterA.html          The Tombs in Sector A
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterAB.html                                "       AB, etc.
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterB.html                                   "       B
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterC.html                                   "       C
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterD.html                                   "       D
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterE.html                                   "       E  
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterF.html                                    "       F
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterLost.html     The Cemetery's Lost Tombs
http://www.florin.ms/ChapterLast.html     The Cemetery's Restoration

https://vimeo.com/139962781'Daniel in the Island of the Dead' Film by Emio Lanini

Website search box (enter, for instance, an ancestor's name):

Google
  Search www.florin.ms


The files of the sister cemetery, the Allori, founded in 1877 when this cemetery was closed for burials, can be found at

http://www.florin.ms/Allori.html:


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


§Rome's Protestant Cemetery is at http://www.protestantcemetery.it and its fine directory researched by the Danes is at http://www.dkinst-rom.dk/protcem/ §See also http://www.poetsgraves.co.uk, http://www.irishgraves.com/, http://www.deadireland.com/ etc.

There are some 1,400 burials in the 'English' Cemetery, according to the records kept by its careful Swiss owners. But of these only some 700 tombs are extant. The burials are of all social classes, many nations, scripts, languages, of Protestant and Orthodox sects.  Because the Cemetery began at the same time as the Expedition to Egypt and Nubia carried out by Champollion and Rosellini with funding by the Grand Duke of Tuscany the tombs often are sculpted with Egyptian motives. The earlier tombs of the Regency period, beneath the great cypresses, pretend to be classical urns and sarcophagi, or are of deliberately broken garlanded columns, though burials are in the ground beneath them. The later tombs can be more Victorian and realistic in style, like that for Walter Savage Landor's son, Arnold, on which is sculpted the figure of his wife, Julia. The Protestant rules for the Cemetery forbid crucifixes, photographs of the deceased or candles. The only Orthodox cross is that for the tomb of Nadezhda, who had come at 14, a Black slave from Nubia, and who was baptized in a Russian Orthodox family with the name meaning 'Hope'. The other Russian tombs have simple Roman crosses. Many of the tombs convey passages from the Bible translated in their vernaculars at a time when the Italian Catholic laity were forbidden to own and read a Bible even in Latin. Often family members are buried together in the same plot surrounded with pietra serena, sometimes with a gap for a member buried elsewhere. In one large plot surrounded with an elaborate iron railing are buried the Scottish father, the Austrian husband, and the baby daughter of the daughter/wife who then re-married, her space left empty.

The archives of the Swiss Evangelical Reformed Church, which owns the Protestant Cemetery, were thought to have been either seriously damaged or destroyed by the 1966 flood. Then some of the original registers were discovered and their information has been added to the entries of the detailed files on the tombs. Gustave Dalgas also had used some of the records in his essay. The Russian burials have been researched by Mikhail Talalay and the English burials by Anthony Webb. Our website and the tombs themselves are visited by descendants, who kindly give us materials to archive here in this Gatehouse of the 'English' Cemetery, as custodians of this 'history book written in marble'. All this material may be found with the listing of the tombs. The Archives are catalogued in the file: Swiss Archives. They are beginning to be transcribed: Swiss Archival Register, 1828-1844. They will be digitized in their entirety by the Archivio di Stato di Firenze for preservation for posterity. They are already included in SDIAF (Sistema Documentario Integrato dell'Area Fiorentina) which documents Florentine archives and library holdings.

Essays on the Swiss-owned 'English' Cemetery are:

The Swiss History of the 'English' Cemetery
Pastor Luigi Santini, 1981, The Protestant Cemetery in Florence
Historical Notes on the 'English' Cemetery

The City and the Book III: International Conference on the 'English' Cemetery, etc portal
The City and the Book V, The Eighty Americans in the 'English' Cemetery, etc portal
The Elizabeth Barrett Browning Website portal
An Old Yellow Book: Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Death and Burial 
Iron Chain, Golden Ring: Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Florentine 'English' Cemetery
Death and the Emperor in Dante, Browning, Dickinson and Stevens
Florence in Sepia portal
Isa Blagden, 'Félicie de Fauveau'
'Hengist' Horne's New Spirit of the Age and Florence's 'English' Cemetery
Arnold B
öcklin, Island of the Dead
The Swiss in the Swiss-owned 'English' Cemetery (inviting collaborative research)

The Americans in the 'English' Cemetery
American Appeal
Michael Talalay, Russian Academy of Science, The Russians in the 'English' Cemetery
The Irish in the 'English' Cemetery
India and Florence's 'English' Cemetery
Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson, Thomas Adolphus Trollope's Mother-in-Law
Twelve Participants in the Peninsula and Waterloo Battles Against Napoleon in the 'English' Cemetery (with The Waterloo Committee)
Michael Ayrton, Ensign Yelverton's Spoon  
How to Catalogue a Cemetery: A Case Study of Florence's 'English' Cemetery
Epitaphs in the 'English' Cemetery 
Poets' Corner: Aureo Anello Poets (inviting offerings)
The Sculptors of the English Cemetery
(inviting collaborative research)
Marino Marino, Uffizi Gallery Ceramic Fragments in the 'English' Cemetery

The 'English' Cemetery as 'English' Garden (inviting participation, not only virtually, but really)
Egyptian Motifs in the 'English' Cemetery
Apuleius and the English Cemetery
The Egyptian Book of the Dead and Elizabeth Barrett Browning
A Cemetery in Reykjavik, Iceland

The following forthcoming essays invite your collaboration and participation:
Regimental and Naval Burials in the English Cemetery (forthcoming, and inviting collaborative research)
Friends of Florence Nightingale Buried in the 'English' Cemetery (forthcoming, and inviting collaborative research)
Armourial Bearings in the 'English' Cemetery (forthcoming, and inviting collaborative research)
The Historians of the 'English' Cemetery (forthcoming, and inviting collaborative research)
Scriptural Inscriptions in the 'English' Cemetery (forthcoming, and inviting collaborative research)
Placement of Tombs in Florence's English Cemetery (forthcoming, and inviting collaborative research)

_____

International Conferences in Florence on the Swiss-owned so-called 'English Cemetery are:

CITY AND BOOK CONFERENCES || CITY AND BOOK III ||  CITY AND BOOK V: AMERICANS IN FLORENCE'S 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY ||  BOOK-BINDING WORKSHOP || BOOK FAIR || MAPS || SPONSORS

City and Book III Aureo Anello and Gabinetto Vieusseux Conference on the 'English' Cemetery, June, 2004. Proceedings

City and Book V Conference on the Eighty Americans Buried in the 'English' Cemetery, October 2008, Proceedings

LA CITTA` E IL LIBRO III
ELOQUENZA SILENZIOSA:
VOCI DEL RICORDO INCISE NEL
CIMITERO 'DEGLI INGLESI',
CONVEGNO INTERNAZIONALE
3-5 GIUGNO 2004

THE CITY AND THE BOOK III
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
'MARBLE SILENCE, WORDS ON STONE:
FLORENCE'S' ENGLISH CEMETERY',
GABINETTO VIEUSSEUX AND
'ENGLISH CEMETERY', FLORENCE
3-4 JUNE 2004

Gli Atti sono pubblicati in due lingue, italiano e inglese ('testo a fronte'), ai seguenti indirizzi: http://www.florin.ms/gimela.html, /gimelb.html, /gimelc.html, /gimeld.html, /gimele.html, /gimelf.html. Gli Atti sono pubblicati all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1, gimel2.html_soltanto in lingua italiana. Per i testi in lingua originale utilizziamo i caratteri neri, per la traduzione il colore usato è il grigio.

The Proceedings in both Italian and English (parallel text) are provided here:  http://www.florin.ms/gimela.html, /gimelb.html, /gimelc.html, /gimeld.html, /gimele.html, /gimelf.html. The Proceedings are published at http://www.florin.ms/gimel1, gimel2.html in Italian only. The text in the original language is in black, the translation, in grey.

PROGRAMMA DEL CONVEGNO, ‘LA CITTA’ E IL LIBRO III’/ THE CITY AND THE BOOK III/ ELOQUENZA SILENZIOSA: VOCI DEL RICORDO INCISE NEL CIMITERO ‘DEGLI INGLESI’/ MARBLE SILENCE, WORDS IN STONE: FLORENCE'S ‘ENGLISH CEMETERY’

3-4 June 2004, Sala Ferri, Gabinetto G.P. Vieusseux, Palazzo Strozzi

Giovedì 3 giugno 2004/ Thursday 3 June 2004/ Ore 9.00/ 9:00 a.m.

SALUTI/ GREETINGS
Marcello Fazzini, Presidente del Gabinetto G.P. Vieusseux
Eugenio Giani, Assessore alle Relazioni Internazionali del Comune di Firenze
Giannozzo Pucci, Presidente dell'Associazione Internazionale ‘Fioretta Mazzei’
Gerardo Kraft, Presidente dei Cimiteri Evangelici di Firenze
Vanessa Hall-Smith, Director, The British Institute of Florence

INTRODUZIONE/ INTRODUCTION

L’internazionalità di Firenze: il ricordo di Vieusseux nel Cimitero detto ‘degli Inglesi’/ Cosmopolitan Florence: Vieusseux's Memorial in the ‘English' Cemetery Maurizio Bossi, Gabinetto G.P. Vieusseux, Firenze [questa relazione è disponibile soltanto in lingua italiana all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1#bossi]

'Tuoni di bianco silenzio': Il Cimitero ‘degli Inglesi’ come biblioteca e come archivio/ 'Thunders of White Silence': The ‘English Cemetery’ as Library, as Archive Julia Bolton Holloway, Aureo Anello Associazione Biblioteca e Bottega Fioretta Mazzei e Amici del Cimitero 'degli Inglesi' [questa relazione è disponibile soltanto in lingua italiana all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1#holloway]

I CIMITERI DI FIRENZE E LA TRASMISSIONE DEL RICORDO NELL’OTTOCENTO/ THE TRADITION OF MEMORY IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY FLORENCE

Il bello sepolcrale/ The aesthetic of tombs, Carlo Sisi, Galleria d'Arte moderna di Palazzo Pitti, Firenze || Vivere con la morte: iscrizioni funebri e monumenti in Toscana/ Living with Death: Tuscan Entombments in the Nineteenth-Century, Anne O’Brien, National University of Ireland, Galway || La letteratura del ricordo/ The Literature of Memory, Laura Melosi, Università di Macerata || Memoria come benedizione: il Cimitero Ebraico a Firenze/ Memory as Blessing: Florence’s Jewish Cemetery, Dora Liscia Bemporad, Università di Firenze|| Architetture dei cimiteri 'degli Inglesi' e 'agli Allori'/ Architecture of the 'English' and 'Agli Allori' Cemeteries, Giampaolo Trotta

Le relazioni sopra sono disponibili soltanto in lingua italiana all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1.html#sisi, #obrien, #melosi, #liscia, #trotta

Ore 15.30/ 3:30 p.m.

I ‘FIORENTINI’ INGLESI E AMERICANI/ ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ‘FLORENTINES’

La tentazione di Eva: 'Paradise Lost' nella scultura di Hiram Powers/ Eve Tempted: 'Paradise Lost' in Hiram Powers' sculpture Katerine Gaja, The British Institute of Florence ||L’iscrizione sulla tomba di Walter Savage Landor/ The inscription on Walter Savage Landor's Tomb Mark Roberts, The British Institute of Florence ||La vedova di Arnold Savage Landor: Libri, corpi e l'incisione di memoria in Firenze/ Arnold Savage Landor’s Widow: Books, Bodies and Imprinting Memory in Florence Allison Levy, Wheaton College||Fanny Trollope, la sua famiglia e la cerchia del Villino Trollope/ Fanny Trollope, her Family and Circle at the Villino Trollope David R. Gilbert, The Middle Temple, London ||Elizabeth Barrett Browning e la Bibbia/ Elizabeth Barrett Browning and the Bible Stephen Prickett, The Armstrong Browning Library, Baylor University ||La pietra e la parola: Elizabeth Barrett Browning a Firenze/ Stone and Word: Elizabeth Barrett Browning in Florence Claudia Vitale [disponibile soltanto in lingua italiana all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1#vitale]
 

CENA presso il CIMITERO 'DEGLI INGLESI', Piazzale Donatello, 38/ DINNER in the 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY, Piazzale Donatello 38

Ringraziamo
AGENZIA PER IL TURISMO FIRENZE

Venerdì 4 giugno 2004/ Friday 4 June 2004/ Ore 9.30/ 9:30 a.m.

Una tomba dal nome svanito: Isa Blagden/ A Faded Inscription: Isa Blagden’s Tomb Corinna Gestri, La Nara di Prato [disponibile soltanto in lingua italiana all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1.html#gestri]||Clough, Horner, Zileri: tombe ricordate in un diario inglese inedito/ Tombs Linked in an Unpublished Diary Alyson Price, The British Institute of Florence||William Holman Hunt per la moglie giovane Fanny/ William Holman Hunt for His Young Wife Fanny Patricia O’Connor, The Pre-Raphaelite Society ||L'arte della memoria: John Roddam Spencer Stanhope e la tomba della figlia Mary/ The Art of Memory: John Roddam Spencer Stanhope and the Tomb of His Daughter Mary Nic Peeters, Vrije Universiteit Brussel– Judy Oberhausen, San Mateo, California||Notti bianche d'Islanda a Firenze: William Morris e Daniel Willard Fiske/ Northern Lights in Florence: William Morris and Daniel William Fiske Kristín Bragadóttir, The National Library, Reykjavik ||Marmo bianco: la vita e le lettere di Hiram Powers, un inedito di Clara Louise Dentler/ White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers in Clara Louise’s Dentler’s Manuscript Jeffrey Begeal, The International Baccalaureate Organization

Ore 14.45/ 2:45 p.m. VISITA A CASA GUIDI/VISIT TO CASA GUIDI

Ore 15.30/ 3:30 p.m.

ALLA RICERCA DI ‘FIORENTINI’ DI ALTRE CULTURE NEL CIMITERO ‘DEGLI INGLESI'/ OTHER 'FLORENTINES' IN THE 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY

Religione, nazione, affari: Il patrimonio della memoria nella comunità svizzera di Firenze/ Religion, Nation, Commerce: Memory as Heritage Among the Swiss in Florence Alessandro Volpi, Università di Pisa || 'Sotto i mirti della dolce Italia': I russi/ 'Beneath the myrtles of sweet Italy': The Russians Michail Talalay, Russian Academy of Sciences || Da Mosca a Firenze: i Kudrjavcev e l’Italia/ From Moscow to Florence: The Kudriavcev and Italy Lucia Tonini, Università 'l'Orientale', Napoli || Le ragioni di una assenza, i motivi di una presenza: Polacchi e Ungheresi nel Cimitero 'degli Inglesi'/ Reasons for absence, motives for their presence: Poles and Hungarians in the 'English Cemetery' Luca Bernardini, Università di Milano || Gli Europei del Nord: dall'Olanda, dalla Scandinavia e dai Paesi baltici/ Northern Europeans: Holland, Scandinavia and the Baltic Countries Asker Pelgrom, Rijkuniversiteit Groningen, Olanda || Due sepolture al Cimitero ‘degli Inglesi’: una traccia per l’attività fiorentina di Félicie de Fauveau/ Two Tombs in the ‘English’ Cemetery: Vestiges of Felicie de Fauveau’s work in Florence Silvia Mascalchi, Istituto Statale d'Arte di Firenze || Robert Davidsohn, un autore della memoria storica di Firenze/ Robert Davidsohn, Historian of Medieval Florence Giuliano Pinto, Università di Firenze.
Le relazioni sopra sono disponibili soltanto in lingua italiana all'indirizzo  http://www.florin.ms/gimel2.html#volpi, #talalay, #tonini, #bernardini, #mascalchi

Appendix: Poets' Epitaphs in the 'English' Cemetery

SABATO, 5 GIUGNO/ SATURDAY, JUNE 5

VISITA A VILLA LANDOR, FIESOLE, AL CASTELLO DI VINCIGLIATA, AL MONASTERO DI VALLOMBROSA, A BELLOSGUARDO, VILLA BRICHIERI-COLOMBI, VILLA LO STROZZINO

VISIT TO VILLA LANDOR, FIESOLE, VINCIGLIATA CASTLE, VALLOMBROSA MONASTERY, BELLOSGUARDO'S VILLA BRICHIERI-COLOMBI AND VILLA LO STROZZINO
 

TEMPO/ SPAZIO/ BIBLIOGRAFIA //TIME/ SPACE/ BIBLIOGRAPHY

MOSTRE CORRELATE A FIRENZE/ RELEVANT EXHIBITIONS IN FLORENCE

Firenze in seppia/ Florence in Sepia, Sala Ferri, Gabinetto Vieusseux. Palazzo Strozzi (The Botticelli detail of the background is from a nineteenth-century sepia photograph that was exhibited in 'Firenze in seppia') We suggest that the photographs of the exhibition be viewed here before the Proceedings to place the Cemetery in its Florentine context.


 

Botticelli e Filippino: L’inquietudine e la grazia nella pittura fiorentina del Quattrocento/ Anxiety and Grace in Florentine Quattrocento Painting. Palazzo Strozzi: www.botticellipalazzostrozzi.it

I giardini delle Regine: Il mito di Firenze nell’ambiente preraffaellita e nella cultura americana fra Ottocento e Novecento/ The Queens' Gardens: The Myth of Florence Amongst the PreRaphaelites and in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century American Culture. Galleria degli Uffizi and http://www.igiardinidelleregine.it


‘Aureo Anello’ Associazione Biblioteca e Bottega Fioretta Mazzei e Amici del Cimitero ‘degli Inglesi’
‘Centro Romantico’ del Gabinetto G.P. Vieusseux
Cimiteri Evangelici di Firenze
The British Institute of Florence
Associazione Internazionale ‘Fioretta Mazzei’
Amicizia Ebraico-Cristiana

Gli Atti sono pubblicati in due lingue, italiano e inglese ('testo a fronte'), ai seguenti indirizzi: http://www.florin.ms/gimela.html, /gimelb.html, /gimelc.html, /gimeld.html, /gimele.html, /gimelf.html. Gli Atti sono pubblicati all'indirizzo http://www.florin.ms/gimel1.html, http://www.florin.ms/gimel2.html soltanto in lingua italiana. Per i testi in lingua originale utilizziamo i caratteri neri, per la traduzione il colore usato è il grigio.

The Proceedings in both Italian and English (parallel text) are provided here:  http://www.florin.ms/gimela.html, /gimelb.html, /gimelc.html, /gimeld.html, /gimele.html, /gimelf.html. The Proceedings are published at http://www.florin.ms/gimel1, http://www.florin.ms/gimel2.html in Italian only. The text in the original language is in black, the translation, in grey.
 

_____

PROCEEDINGS OF THE
THE CITY AND THE BOOK V 
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON



THE AMERICANS IN FLORENCE'S 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY,
SATURDAY, 11 OCTOBER 2008
FLORENCE'S LYCEUM CLUB AND THE 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY

Introduction
Go to I. Abolitionists in the 'English' Cemetery
         II. Hiram Powers, Kate Field, Amasa Hewins
         III. Joel Tanner Hart
         IV. William Wetmore Story
         V. Collectors and Visitors


Versione in lingua italiana

A hundred Americans in the years 1828-1877 were buried in the Swiss-owned so-called 'English' Cemetery in Florence. Many were deeply involved in the Abolition of Slavery. Several were sculptors of note. Several amassed fine libraries in Florence which they then willed to entities in America. See the web essays http://www.florin.ms/americantombs.html and http://www.florin.ms/americanappeal.html. This year we celebrate the 180th anniversary of our monumental cemetery with the fifth City and Book International Conference, 11 October 2008, to be held on the Americans buried in the so-called 'English' Cemetery and their friends. The events will take place at the Lyceum Club, in the Palazzo Giugni, Via degli Alfani 48, next to the University of Florence, and at the 'English Cemetery', with lodging at the Villa Agape for participants.

Sally Mitchell of Temple University makes the following recommendation, 'The Protestant Cemetery at Florence', Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 1873, pp. 507-513, for understanding the American perspective on the 'English' Cemetery (apologies, it's a very long URL):

http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/pageviewer?frames=1&cite=http%3A%2F%2Fcdl.library.cornell.edu%2Fcgi-bin%2Fmoa%2Fmoa-cgi%3Fnotisid%3DABK4014-0047-71&coll=moa&root=%2Fmoa%2Fharp%2Fharp0047%2F&tif=00517.TIF&view=75


IL CIMITERO EVANGELICO PORTA A’ PINTI A FIRENZE
180° ANNIVERSARIO

FLORENCE’S SWISS-OWNED ENGLISH CEMETERY

AND ITS EIGHTY AMERICANS

CITY AND BOOK INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE V




Grenville Temple Southwood Smith
Thomas Browne Elizabeth Moore Samuel Reginald Routh William Somerville Isaac Lumley
Bentinck Yelverton Cecilia Yelverton Jemima Kellett Elizabeth Barrett Browning Willim Henry Beck Sofia Golokoff Robert Hart J.P. Vieusseux Frederic Goodban
Anne Alice Holt James Walters Redman Severin Goedtke Ivan Leontieff Lewitzky Emma Gamgee Thomas Williams Trotman

Of these William Henry Beck and Robert Hart, with tombs in pietra serena, are American, while Thomas Trotman, M.D., is from the West Indies. Arthur Hugh Clough (his tomb invisilbe here) spent his youth in America. Joel T. Hart sculpts Southwood Smith's tomb and obelisque. William Wetmore Story designs Theodore Parker's tomb. Emily Dickinson writes at least two poems about Elizabeth Barrett Browning's death and tomb. James Lorimer Graham dies in 1876 and so is not yet present.


PROGRAM

Friday, 10 October 2008:
The Celebration of the 180th Anniversary of the Cimitero Evangelico Porta a' Pinti
Visit to the English Cemetery, Piazzale Donatello, 38, 4:30 p.m.-5:30 p.m.
Salone Brunelleschi, 6:00, Lectures on 'English' Cemetery by Pastore Mario Marziale, Julia Bolton Holloway
Salone Brunelleschi, 8:00 p.m. Buffet with its Owner Members of the Swiss Evangelical Reformed Church
Julia Bolton Holloway's presentation in English and Italian. The Salone Brunelleschi is
in the Palazzo di Parte Guelfa in the historic centre of Florence, off the Piazza della Repubblica to its left hand side, Piazzeta di Parte Guelfa 1, at the end of Via Pelliceria, going up the outdoor stairs.

Saturday, 11 October 2008: ‘The Eighty Americans in the Swiss-owned ‘English’ Cemetery’

Lyceum Club, Via degli Alfani 48
Presentations in English

Introduction

Welcoming Address. Julia Bolton Holloway, President, Aureo Anello
'On American Families in Two Florentine Cemeteries'. Grazia Gobbi Sica, New York University

I. The Swiss-owned 'English' Cemetery and Anti-Slavery http://www.florin.ms/CBVa.html

'Edmonia Lewis and the Boston of Italy'. Marilyn Richardson, Independent Scholar
'Theodore Parker's Graves'. Sally Mitchell, Temple University
'Villino Trollope, Piazza dell'Independenza: Incubator for the Independence of the African-American'. Brenda Ayres, Liberty University
'Social Criticism in Richard Hildreth's The White Slave, 1852'. Sirpa Salenius, Universty of New Haven in Florence


II. Hiram Powers, Kate Field and Amasa Hewins http://www.florin.ms/CBVb.html

'The 'English' Cemetery and Historical Reconstruction: Liberating Hiram Powers' 'Greek Slave' to Return to Florence'. Roger J. Crum, University of Dayton
'Hiram Powers, Kate Field and the Italian Risorgimento'. Melissa Dabakis, Kenyon College
'Kate Field'. Francesca Limberti
'Fortunate Associations: The American Painter Amasa Hewins (1795-1855) and Florence
'. John F. McGuigan, Independent Scholar

III. Joel Tanner Hart http://www.florin.ms/CBVc.html

'Hiram Powers and Joel Tanner Hart: Two Sculptors, a Voyage from Cincinnati, Ohio to Florence and the Friendship that Developed.
Ted Gantz, Sculptor and Collector

'
Joel Tanner Hart: A Kentucky Sculptor in Florence'. David Dearinger, Boston Athenaeaum.
"Daily Visiting My Studio": Joel Tanner Hart and the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic World'.
Robert P. Murray, University of Kentucky.
'From Florence to Frankfort: Joel Hart's Re-interment'. Donald Williamson

IV. William Wetmore Story http://www.florin.ms/CBVd.html

'The Significance of Florence in the Life of William Wetmore Story and his Family'. Kathleen Lawrence, George Washington University
'A Storied Life: Marble Fauns, Angels, and Cemeteries: William Wetmore Story and Friends in Italy'. Elise Madeleine Ciregna, University of Delaware/ Forest Hills Cemetery


V. American Collectors and Visitors http://www.florin.ms/CBVe.html

'Albert Jenkins Jones: The New York Times' Sculpture Critic in Italy, 1860-1876'. Nancy Austin, Independent Scholar
'James Lorimer Graham, American Consul, 1832-1876, U.S. Consul in Florence.' Jeffrey Begeal, Independent Scholar
'Tracking Enigma - A Grave with a Nickname in the 'English' Cemetery'. Margot Fortunato Galt, University of Minnesota and Hamline University, St. Paul, Minnesota
'Jennie's Gift: The Early Purchases of French Imprints for the Daniel Willard Fiske Petrarch Collection'. Patrick J. Stevens, Curator of the Fiske Collections and Selector for Jewish Studies, Cornell University
'Anne Mac Cracken'. Richard Mac Cracken, Independent Scholar

'Louisa Catherine Adams Kuhn, Florentine Adventures, 1859-1860'. Robert J. Robertson, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas


Exhibition: Bust of Hiram Powers' Greek Slave, Rare Books
'English' Cemetery, P.le Donatello, 38

___________

Florentine Lily on Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Tomb

_____________

Because the Swiss owners had wanted to close and abandon the 'English' Cemetery, we created a weblog at

http://piazzaledonatello.blogspot.com

and set up a petition at

http://www.thepetitionsite.com/takeaction/471134975

The petition, now closed as it was successful, read:

'That the Swiss-owned, so-called 'English' Cemetery in Florence be kept open, be restored and be declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site'

'Che il Cimitero 'degli Inglesi' a Firenze di proprietà Svizzera possa ancora essere visitabile, sia restaurato e sia dichiarato dall'UNESCO Patrimonio Mondiale dell'Umanità'

This Cemetery in Florence is a way of studying the history of British, Swiss, Russian and American exiles.

More information may be found at http://piazzaledonatello.blogspot.com


Florentine Lily on Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Tomb

___________

Map giving coordinates of tombs

To enlarge, click here

'ENGLISH' CEMETERY, PIAZZALE DONATELLO, 38, 50132 FLORENCE, ITALY

In the map below from Augustus Hare's Florence, of which the above is the detail with the Protestant Cemetery, we can see the original city walls and gates. To the far right is shown the Porta a' Pinti Gate and the Protestant Cemetery as it then was. At the Risorgimento Florence's city walls were torn down and the Cemetery had to be closed according to the Code Napoleon which forbade burials within city limits. The two stemma of the shields with a cross and a lily originally on the Gate Arnolfo di Cambio built were now placed on the cemetery wall. The hill is not natural but was formed from rubbish thrown over the city wall for centuries and we still find bits of medieval and Renaissance hand-painted pottery in the cemetery, their rubbish not having been plastic!

From Augustus J.C. Hare, Florence (London, Fourth Edition, 1896)

 \111111111111

aaEnglish Cemetery, Piazzale Donatello, is green oval to the far right near the top
 

Elizabeth Barrett Browning twice describes the silver arrow of the Arno River shooting through the city of Florence, in Casa Guidi Windows I.52-59, and in Aurora Leigh VII.534-537. She came to be buried, along with other famous poets and sculptors in the 'English' Cemetery in Florence.
 

1* Duomo/Cathedral +; 2* Campanile di Giotto/ Giotto's Bell Tower; 3* Battistero/ Baptistry +; 4 Casa di Dante/ Dante's House; 5 Colonna dell'Abbondanza/ Column of Plenty in Piazza della Repubblica; 6 Badia/ Abbey Church +; 7* Bargello; 8* Palazzo Vecchio/ People's Palace; 9 Loggia dei Lanzi o dell'Orcagna; 10* Galleria degli Uffizi/ Uffizi Gallery; 11* Ponte Vecchio/ Old Bridge; 12* Orsanmichele +; 13 Poste e Telegrafi/ Post Office; 14 Palazzo Strozzi/ Strozzi Palace; 16 Palazzo Ferroni Spini; 17* Chiesa di Santa Maria Novella +; 18 Stazione Centrale/ Santa Maria Novella Station; 20* Chiesa di San Lorenzo e Cappelle Medicee/ Basilica of San Lorenzo +, Medici Tombs/ Laurentian Library (this last is in the cloister and upstairs, entered on the left from the church); 21*Palazzo Medici Riccardi with Benozzo Gozzoli Chapel; 22* Cenacolo di S. Apollonia (a free museum with magnificent fresco of Last Supper) +; 23* Accademia di Belle Arti; 24* Chiesa e Museo di San Marco/ Church and Museum of San Marco +; 25* Chiesa della Santissima Annunziata and Ospedale degli Innocenti +; 26* Chiesa di Santa Croce +; 27 Biblioteca Nazionale; 28 Giardino di Boboli; 29 Palazzo Pitti; 30 Chiesa di Santo Spirito +; 31 Chiesa del Carmine +; 32* Museo di Storia della Scienza; 34 Teatro Comunale; 35 Fortezza da Basso; 37 Piazzale Michelangelo; 38 Forte di Belvedere; 39 Sinagoga; 41* Chiesa di Ognissanti +


                                                           Piazza           English Cemetery
                                                           D'Azeglio      Piazzale Donatello
 

Florentine Lily on Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Tomb
 
_________ 

Update

1 – The Reopening of the Cemetery for Use

In 1996, at the time of the burial of the famous Russian choreographer-ballerino Eugenij Poljakov, elected Citizen of Florence, the Cemetery was reopened to the burial of cinerary urns and small caskets of bones of all those who wish to be buried here, or to bury their dear ones, in a Monumental Cemetery, which belongs to Florence’s history and which goes back in its origins to the Tuscan Grand Duchy.

There are now about 500 spaces available, either already or in process of being constructed.

More detailed information can be obtained from the custodian of the historic cemetery at Piazzale Donatello, 38, 50132 FIRENZE.

Telephone: 0039 055 582608
Website: http://www.florin.ms/cemetery.html

2 – Visits

At present the opening hours of the cemetery for individual and group visits are the following:

  Mondays                           9:00-12:00 All Year
  Tuesdays through Fridays   3:00-6:00 p.m. Summers,
                                          2:00-5:00 p.m. Winters

Any changes to this above schedule will be communicated by a notice at the entrance of the cemetery

_________

We find that here we can read documents, books and tombs, penned on parchment, printed on paper, and inscribed on marble.

 
________


BIBLIOGRAPHY

(See also Library Catalogue: http://www.florin.ms/libtau, http://www.florin.ms/libhe.html)
 

André, Tony. L'Eglise Evangélique Reformée de Florence depuis son origine jusqu'à nos jours. Florence, 1899. Volume II, pp. 283-308.

Enrico Barfucci. Il camposanto degli Inglesi. Guida e memoria. Florence, 1951.

Dalgas, Gustave. Notice historique sur le Cimitière de l'Eglise Evangélique Reformée de Florence a Porta Pinti . Florence, 1877.

Santini, Luigi. The Protestant Cemetery of Florence. Il Cimitero Protestante di Firenze. 1981.

Trotta, Giampaolo. Luoghi di Culto non cattolici nella Toscana dell'Ottocento. Beccocci/Scala: Firenze, 1997. Pp. 53-55.
 


And from another Website:

ABANDONED CEMETERY IN NEW YORK STATE

Abandoned Spooky
          Cemetary Chapel

Rochester, New York: Built in the early 1800s, Mt. Hope Cemetery was the first municipal cemetery in the United States with graves older than the official graveyard itself. Such famous persons as Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass are among those buried there in everything from lawn crypts and columbariums to family mausoleums. It seems strange, then, that the chapel at such an historically significant location would be abandoned to the elements, though it remains elegant even in its disrepair.

We remember that Frederick Douglass visited Florence's 'English' Cemetery to pay honour to the tombs of Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Theodore Parker.


The No-Global March, 2003, when a million people walked past the English Cemetery peaceably from noon until six in the evening


Elizabeth Woodworth, Tomb of Arnold Savage Landor

_________

CASA GUIDI

It is recommended that you also visit the Casa Guidi, home to the Brownings, in Via Maggio, Piazza San Felice, close to the Pitti Palace. It was here Elizabeth Barrett Browning wrote Casa Guidi Windows , Parts I and II, and Aurora Leigh, her epic poem/Victorian novel in nine books, and to which Robert Browning brought 'The Old Yellow Book' he had purchased in the San Lorenzo Market, about which he was to write The Ring and the Book, following her death. This painting is by the Greek Giorgio Mignaty whose two children are buried in the  'English' Cemetery, his beautiful half-English wife being the model for Hiram Powers' 'Greek Slave', the centrepiese of the 1851 Crystal Palace Exhibition in London. Casa Guidi is open in the summers on Mondays, Wednesday and Fridays, from 3:00 to 6:00 p.m.


_______

Florentine Lily on Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Tomb

Sundial with lines from Robert Browning, 'Rabbi Ben Ezra'
'Grow old along with me, the best is yet to be'

 


PROTESTANT CEMETERY, PIAZZALE DONATELLO 38, 50132 FIRENZE, ITALY, PHONE (39) 055 584956
 


FLORIN WEBSITE ©
JULIA BOLTON HOLLOWAYAUREO ANELLO ASSOCIAZIONE, 1997-2017: MEDIEVAL: BRUNETTO LATINO, DANTE ALIGHIERI, SWEET NEW STYLE: BRUNETTO LATINO, DANTE ALIGHIERI, & GEOFFREY CHAUCER || VICTORIAN: WHITE SILENCE: FLORENCE'S 'ENGLISH' CEMETERY || ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING || WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR || FRANCES TROLLOPE || ABOLITION OF SLAVERY || FLORENCE IN SEPIA  || CITY AND BOOK CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII || MEDIATHECA 'FIORETTA MAZZEI' || EDITRICE AUREO ANELLO CATALOGUE || UMILTA WEBSITE || RINGOFGOLD WEBSITE || LINGUE/LANGUAGES: ITALIANO, ENGLISH || VITA
New: Dante vivo || White Silence